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Established in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. Euro-Advertising Holding was formed as an independent subsidiary in 1980 to manage relations among JWT offices in Europe. It was dissolved in 1985.

Collection spans 1979-1985 and includes clippings, correspondence, administrative and financial reports, minutes of Board of Director meetings, publications and other printed materials. Countries represented include the Benelux countries, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy and Switzerland. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. The Frankfurt Office opened in 1952. The J. Walter Thompson Company Frankfurt Office Audiovisual Materials span the years 1956-1993 and consist of 16mm and 35mm films, videocassettes and slides that document print advertisements and television commercials produced by the Frankfurt Office for the German and continental European markets. Companies represented include Braun, De Beers, Elida Gibbs (Chesebrough-Pond's), Findus, Ford, Glückslee, Hoffman's, Jacobs (Kraft), Kellogg's, Kraft, Maggi, Pepsi, Sunlicht (Unilever), and Wick. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) Frankfurt Office Audiovisual Materials span the years 1956-1993 and consist of 16mm and 35mm films, videocassettes and slides that document print advertisements and television commercials produced by the Frankfurt Office for the German and continental European markets. Companies represented include Braun, De Beers, Elida Gibbs (Chesebrough-Pond's), Findus, Ford, Glückslee, Hoffman's, Jacobs (Kraft), Kellogg's, Kraft, Maggi, Pepsi, Sunlicht (Unilever), and Wick.

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The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT), founded in 1864, is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. Hans Ihlefeld was financial manager and director of JWT's branch offices in Frankfurt, Vienna and Zurich in the 1960s and 1970s. The Hans Ihlefeld Papers document Ihlefeld's tenure as financial manager and director of the Frankfurt, Vienna, and Zurich offices of JWT, where he oversaw the expansion of the agency with regard to number of clients, subsidiaries, and financial volume. The collection includes correspondence, telexes and telegrams, memoranda, tables of results, charts and graphs, client and account lists, profit plans, computer printouts, invoices and receipts, contracts, clippings, articles and other printed material. Specific topics documented in the Hans Ihlefeld papers include financial statements and transactions concerning the German-speaking areas of Europe (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland) and Scandinavia, especially profit projections and periodic (monthly, quarterly, and annual) results reports; communication between Ihlefeld and other JWT executives and offices about JWT short- and long-term strategy; account planning; communication with JWT's European subsidiaries ARC, Basisresearch, Century, ProService, and PR; and correspondence with clients. The bulk of communications take place between the Vienna, Zurich, Stockholm, and New York offices. Notable company correspondents include Peter Gilow and Harry Clark. Clients well documented in the collection include Braun, Unilever (Elida Gibbs, Lever Sunlicht), Ford, Jacobs, Kraft, and PepsiCo. Approximately 60% of the collection is in German, and the remainder is in English, except for one very small portion in French.

The Hans Ihlefeld Papers span the years 1969 to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1972 to 1978, and document Ihlefeld's tenure as financial manager and director of the Frankfurt, Vienna, and Zurich offices of JWT, where he oversaw the expansion of the agency with regard to number of clients, subsidiaries, and financial volume. The collection includes correspondence, telexes and telegrams, memoranda, tables of results, charts and graphs, client and account lists, profit plans, computer printouts, invoices and receipts, contracts, clippings, articles and other printed material. Specific topics documented in the Hans Ihlefeld papers include: financial statements and transactions concerning the German-speaking areas of Europe (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland) and Scandinavia, especially profit projections and periodic (monthly, quarterly, and annual) results reports; communication between Ihlefeld and other JWT executives and offices about JWT short- and long-term strategy; account planning; communication with JWT's European subsidiaries ARC, Basisresearch, Century, ProService, and PR; and correspondence with clients. The bulk of communications take place between the Vienna, Zurich, Stockholm, and New York offices. Notable correspondents include Peter Gilow and Harry Clark. Clients well documented in the collection include Braun, Unilever (Elida Gibbs, Lever Sunlicht), Ford, Jacobs, Kraft, and PepsiCo. Approximately 60% of the collection is in German, and the remainder is in English, except for one very small portion in French.

The collection is made up of three series: Correspondence and Memoranda; Finance; and German-Speaking Areas (GSA) Series.

The Correspondence and Memoranda Series comprises reports, summaries and written communications that passed through Ihlefeld's office. The series is organized into six subseries--General Correspondence, Clients, JWT Offices, JWT Subsidiaries, Memoranda/Haus Mitteilungen, and Trend Letter . The General Correspondence Subseries focuses primarily on the Frankfurt Office's financial negotiations and agreements with clients in the form of letters, budgets (of media and production costs), billings, and taxes. The Clients Subseries reflects the financial and planning aspects of JWT-Frankfurt's relationship with its clients. The Ford account in particular is well-documented, but files also exist for other clients including Braun, Jacobs, PepsiCo, and Unilever. The JWT Offices Subseries documents the coordination of financial operations between the Frankfurt Office and the Zurich, Stockholm, Vienna, and New York offices, and to a lesser extent with other JWT offices. Topics include short- and long-term financial planning (particularly with regard to profits and taxes), transactions between different JWT offices, tax audits, insurance matters, legal matters, and personnel matters (including visits) in the Frankfurt, Vienna, Zurich, and Stockholm offices. The JWT Subsidiaries Subseries gives information--mostly of a financial or tax-related nature--on JWT's European subsidiaries ARC, Basis, Century, ProService, and PR. The Memoranda/Haus-Mitteilungen Subseries documents the daily administration of the Frankfurt office, particularly with regard to production, financial matters, personnel, and taxes. The Trend Letter Subseries documents the acquisition and demise of Trend Letter, a financial newsletter designed for the business side of the advertising industry.

The Finance Series documents gains and losses, budgeting, taxes, the role of the comptroller, and monthly, quarterly, as well as annual results in the German Speaking Area.

The German-Speaking Area (GSA) Series documents JWT operations in the three-country area of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Topics include financial reporting and planning in the GSA and Scandinavia, as well as for several European subsidiaries.

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The Paul-G. Siebel Papers contain correspondence, memoranda, speeches, and other documents spanning the years 1968 to 1975. The bulk of the material in the collection dates from Siebel's tenure as Geschäftsführer (General Manager) of J.Walter Thompson's Frankfurt Office from 1969 through 1975. The Siebel Papers mostly concern relations with the advertising industry. As media director of JWT Frankfurt (a position he held simultaneously with that of Geschäftsführer), Siebel corresponded with members of the industry as well as the media; as JWT Frankfurt's representative to organizations such as the GWA (Gesellschaft der Werbeagenturen [Association of Advertising Agencies]), he attended meetings within the industry and discussed a variety of advertising and political subjects. Other topics documented in the collection include media planning, account direction, production of advertisements, and business management JWT Frankfurt. The Organizations Series, relating to Siebel's participation in advertising groups, comprises one-half of the collection. Other series include the Non-Frankfurt JWT Offices; Correspondence; Memoranda/Haus-Mitteilungen; Clients; Media; Other JWT Frankfurt Departments; Euuropean Media Manager; and Organizations Series. The majority of items in the collection, approximately 80 percent, are in the German language, with the remainder in English.

The Non-Frankfurt JWT Offices Series consists of correspondence and other documents pertaining to over 20 international offices of J. Walter Thompson. Offices in London, New York, Tokyo, and Brussels make up the bulk of the series. Topics mentioned include: a European advertising campaign for the Quebec Government; media recommendations (both in Brussels folder); market research on home financing in Germany; German regulation of alcohol advertising (both in London folder); and the importance of appropriate broadcast times for television ads (Vienna folder). The London folders contain substantial material on the "Target Group Index" (T.G.I.), including numerous articles and brochures by Timothy Joyce and Jack Fothergill of the British Market Research Bureau (BMRB). JWT correspondents in the series include Albert Brouwet and Arlette Hill of JWT Brussels; Peter Gilow, head of JWT Frankfurt; William D. Thurber of JWT Johannesburg; Elvira Bruhnsen, Jeremy Bullmore, Alec Morrison, Neil Walker, and David Wheeler of JWT London; Harry Clark and Don Johnston of JWT New York; Tom Sutton of JWT Tokyo; and René Müller of JWT Zurich. The language of the series is predominantly English (approximately 80 percent), with the remainder in German.

The Correspondence Series contains Siebel's general business and personal correspondence. Topics mentioned in the series include buying advertising space and placing print advertisements, Siebel's 1969 appointment to the position of General Manager (Hauptgeschäftsführer) and Media Director, and the 1969 "Kongress der Werbung" held in Munich. Specific items in the series include 1971 ad copy featuring Siebel's endorsement of "Jasmin" magazine, produced by competitor Heumann, Ogilvy and Mather; and the 25th anniversary edition of the "NRZ" ( Neue Ruhr Zeitung ) newspaper. Siebel's correspondents in the series primarily include representatives of the advertising departments of various newspapers and magazines as well as members of media and marketing research organizations. Individual correspondents include H.-J. Artopé of Burda Verlag, Peter Baltzer of Carl Gabler Werbe GmbH, Rolf Günther of Gruner and Jahr Verlag, Karl Hartner of Stern Magazine,Herr Jenetzky of Fritz Busche Druckerei GmbH, and Gerd Springer of the Neue Westfälische Zeitung. The language of the series is predominantly German (ca. 90%), with the remainder in English.

The Memoranda/Haus-Mitteilungen Series contains memoranda, newsletters, and other documents relating to the policies and daily operations of JWT Frankfurt, JWT's international organization, and the Media Department. Contains a list of the year's TV spots produced by JWT in 1973, and a memo (late 1960's or early 1970's) advocating the use of psychological consultants for the production of ads in Frankfurt, as was already the practice in New York and London. In this series, folders originally labelled "JWT Intern" and "Organisation JWT" have been combined into one series. The language of the series is predominantly German, with the remainder in English.

The Clients Series contains correspondence, memoranda, contact reports and other documents pertaining to clients and their media needs. Topics mentioned in the series include: the production and placement of television and radio advertisements; contract negotiations and clarifications; forms of agency compensation; and an anti-drug public relations campaign. Correspondents include: various representatives of media firms such as the BBC, BILD, Burda, and Gruner and Jahr; client company executives such as W. Schmittel of Braun and H. Woyzik of Ciba Geigy; and JWT personnel such as David Campbell-Harris (JWT Milan), Wally O'Brien (JWT Chicago), and Manfred Süß (Media head, JWT Frankfurt). The language of the series is predominantly German (ca. 80%) with the remainder in English.

The Media Series contains guidelines for advertising testing, a lengthy 1966 index of trade literature called "99 Books for the Mediaman," and reports on Siebel's visits to daily regional newspaper offices. Specific items in the series include an ad recognition and impact test ("Anzeigenkompass") from 1971. The language of the series is exclusively German.

The Other JWT Frankfurt Departments Series contains documentation of "adjoining" ("flankierende") departments at JWT-Frankfurt. Departments documented in the series include: Media Planning, Production, Administration, Art Buying, Art Service, Sound and Film Studios, Test Kitchen, Translation, FFF (JWT's own production company), and Pen Pool. The language of the series is entirely German.

The European Media Manager Meeting Series contains correspondence, speeches, and other documents pertaining to the 1973 European Media Manager Meeting in Madrid. The series is made up largely of correspondence with JWT international office media directors with their suggestions for planning the meeting's agenda, and their evaluations of the meeting's effectiveness afterward. Among the offices participating were Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Helsinki, Madrid, Milan, New York, Stockholm, Toronto, Vienna, and Zurich. JWT international correspondents include Julian Bravo (Madrid), Elvira Bruhnsen (London), Joop Halsema (Amsterdam), and David Wheeler (London). Topics mentioned in the series include 1974 plans for publishing a "European Media Booklet" for international JWT's; the switch from a media-marketing to an account-planning approach at JWT Amsterdam; and international models for television coverage and frequency distribution. Specific items in the series include product test case histories for Germany, a Dick Jones speech on "The Concept of Effective Reach," and statistical data on media audiences in Spain. Clients mentioned in the series include Brinkmann, Ford, Kraft, Kodak, Jacobs, Pan Am, Pepsi, and Singer. The language of the series is predominantly English (approximately 75 percent) with the remainder in German.

The Professional Advertising Organizations Series contains material pertaining to professional organizations with which Siebel had contact. These organizations include the GWA-GIW (GWA-Institut fur Wirtschaftlichkeit in der Werbung [GWA-Institute for Economic Efficacy in Advertising]) and ZAW (Zentralausschuß der Werbewirtschaft [Central Committee of the Advertising Industry]). The series contains information on women in advertising, public service advertising, and a great deal of information on the regulation of advertising to children in Germany. Specifically mentioned in the series are issues related to alcohol and automobile advertising, the introduction of "Feuersteins" (Flintstones) products for children in the Federal Republic, and professional seminars for advertising executives. Clients mentioned in the series include Buer, Elida Gibbs, Glücksklee, Jacobs, Kellog, Kraft, Lever Sunlicht, Pepsi, and Wick. The language of the series is predominantly German.

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The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT), founded in 1864, is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the world. It opened its first international office in London in 1899, and by 1930 the agency had established offices in some 30 countries. At present, JWT manages offices or partnership arrangements in approximately 90 countries. The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) International Advertisements Collection spans the years 1900-2004 and consists primarily of print advertisements, along with some transparencies, photocopies of advertising, and other collateral material that document some of JWT's international advertising campaigns through the 20th century. Clients include a variety of local, national and multinational commercial firms, as well as government institutions and public service organizations. The holdings of the collection are uneven, with the bulk of the advertisements dating from the mid-1960s up to about 1990. There are limited early advertisements from Chesebrough-Pond's, General Motors, and other clients dating from the late 1920s and early 1930s in print and on microfilm from the various offices established during those years. There are almost no international advertisements from roughly 1933 to the middle of the 1950s. The United Kingdom, the British Commonwealth countries, and Latin America account for most of the advertisements from the mid-1950s to the late 1970s. While the holdings since about 1980 are much larger than earlier holdings, they are by no means complete, and vary substantially from office to office. Key multinational clients represented in the collection include Chesebrough-Pond's, Eastman Kodak, Ford, General Motors, Kraft, IBM, Pepsi, R.J. Reynolds, and Unilever. English translations of foreign-language advertisements are often provided by JWT's Asian and Pacific Offices. European and Latin American Offices provided translations far less frequently. Advertisements for members of the British Commonwealth are generally available in English only or in both English and the local language. Spanish-language advertisements produced by JWT offices in the United States, intended for the domestic Spanish-speaking population as well as for Latin America, may be found in the J. Walter Thompson Company Domestic Advertisements Collection.

The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) International Advertisements Collection spans the years 1900-2004 and consists primarily of print advertisements, along with some transparencies, photocopies of advertising, and other collateral material that document some of JWT's international advertising campaigns through the 20th century. Clients include a variety of local, national and multinational commercial firms, as well as government institutions and public service organizations. The holdings of the collection are uneven, with the bulk of the advertisements dating from the mid-1960s up to about 1990. There are limited early advertisements from Chesebrough-Pond's, General Motors, and other clients dating from the late 1920s and early 1930s in print and on microfilm from the various offices established during those years. A larger selection of early advertisements may be found on Microfilm Reel #41 (35 mm). Contact Reference Staff for access.

There are almost no international advertisements from roughly 1933 to the middle of the 1950s. The United Kingdom, the British Commonwealth countries, and Latin America account for most of the advertisements from the mid-1950s to the late 1970s. While the holdings since about 1980 are much larger than earlier holdings, they are by no means complete, and vary substantially from office to office. Key multinational clients represented in the collection include Chesebrough-Pond's, Eastman Kodak, Ford, General Motors, Kraft, IBM, Pepsi, R.J. Reynolds, and Unilever.

English translations of foreign-language advertisements are often provided by JWT's Asian and Pacific Offices. European and Latin American Offices provided translations far less frequently. Advertisements for members of the British Commonwealth are generally available in English only or in both English and the local language. Spanish-language advertisements produced by JWT offices in the United States, intended for the domestic Spanish-speaking population as well as for Latin America, may be found in the Domestic Advertisements Collection.

The collection is organized into the following geographical series: Africa, Asia/Pacific, Canada, Europe, and Latin America. The multinational series are arranged alphabetically by country. For countries with multiple offices, the folders are arranged alphabetically by the office of origin. When it has been determined that more than one office within a country has been responsible for a client, the advertisements for that client are housed at the beginning of the country’s collection in a "Multiple Office" group, listed alphabetically by product and the office involved as applicable (for exception, see below).

Advertisements are arranged according to the parent company of the product being marketed (i.e. Miracle Whip, Philadelphia cream cheese, Miracoli pasta and tomato sauce, and various salad dressings are all filed together under Kraft, within a given country). Because of corporate buyouts and name changes, it may be useful to search for a product under an older or more recent parent company (for example, Standard Brands and Nabisco, or Unilever and Brooke Bond Oxo). In some cases, the parent company may not be as well known as the brand name (such as Reckitt and Colman, parent company of Gerber Baby Foods), or could not be determined, so some flexibility in searching for products and companies is recommended.

The collection of advertisements from the Montreal Office is an exception to some of the notes and guidelines above. With 28 boxes of advertisements in French and English spanning 1921 to the 1990s, the Montreal Office Subseries is almost as large as the remainder of the entire collection. To maintain the integrity of these holdings, all advertisements from JWT/Montreal are housed together in the Montreal Office Subseries, even when Toronto and/or Vancouver also produced advertisements for the same client (for example, Labatts).

In addition, a small collection of international advertisements, mounted on foamboard for display purposes, is itemized at the end of this finding aid under the heading Mounted Advertisements.

Large-format materials have been removed to Oversize Materials. A dummy folder indicated by text in brackets has been inserted at the logical location of the removed material.

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The James Webb Young Papers chiefly consist of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and publications and span the years 1927-1984. These materials provide insights into Young's career as well as the operational aspects of the J. Walter Thompson Company, especially the early development of their international branch offices.

From the perspective of James Webb Young's entire career in advertising, this collection reflects a small portion of his contributions to the J. Walter Thompson Company and the advertising business as a whole, for which he was awarded in 1945 the Gold Medal for a distinguished career in advertising. While these papers represent Young's pioneering work in establishing the J. Walter Thompson Company abroad as well as reflect some his contributions to public service advertising and advertising strategy, primarily through The Compleat Angler, A Footnote to History, and other works in the Publications category, they are an incomplete record of his distinguished career.

The International Branch Notebooks category primarily contains correspondence, minutes, memoranda, research reports and tables which pertain to the organization and initial operations of J. Walter Thompson branch offices abroad, particularly in London, Africa, South America, and Europe during the late 1920s and early 1930s. A substantial amount of this material focuses upon J. Walter Thompson's advertising for General Motors, especially for markets in Europe and South America. Though Young officially retired in 1928, he served as Consultant and director (1928-1964) and became a key figure in establishing the earliest international branch offices for the J. Walter Thompson Company. Among the correspondents in this series are Sam Meek, Stanley Resor, and Henry C. Flowers.

In the Publications category are works written by Young, some of which were privately printed by the Piñon Press in Coapa, New Mexico. The works published by the Piñon Press have been individually cataloged and can be searched by author and title. The Publications category includes editions of A Technique for Producing Ideas and How to Become an Advertising Man. As a whole, these works reflect aspects of Young's advertising philosophy and strategies, and partially document his involvement in public service advertising in the United States as well as his early career from an autobiographical perspective.

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Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. It is headquartered in New York. The London Office first opened in 1899. Charles Friend was an executive in the JWT London Office and Area Director with JWT's European Division. Collection consists of correspondence, periodical reports and other printed materials documenting the management of various JWT offices in Europe. The bulk of correspondence pertains to JWT offices in Denmark, Portugal and Sweden. Topics of correspondence include coordination of client relations and advertising campaigns, relocation of staff, agency performance. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection consists of correspondence, periodical reports and other printed materials documenting the management of various JWT offices in Europe. The bulk of correspondence pertains to JWT offices in Denmark, Portugal and Sweden. Topics of correspondence include coordination of client relations and advertising campaigns, relocation of staff, agency performance. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. It is headquartered in New York. The London Office first opened in 1899. John J. (Jack) Cronin was an advertising executive who managed JWT's Canadian and European operations before becoming Vice Chairman of JWT. Collection includes correspondence, financial and management statements; research reports; client files and other printed materials along with slides and videocassettes of presentations. Companies represented include various JWT offices as well as Burger King, ComputerLand, Ford, ITV, International Television Association (ITVA), Kellogg, Kraft, Nestle, Pepsi, Philips, Schick and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes correspondence, financial and management statements; research reports; client files and other printed materials along with slides and videocassettes of presentations. Materials are in English, French, German, Spanish, Turkish and other languages. Companies represented include various JWT offices as well as Burger King, ComputerLand, Ford, ITV, International Television Association (ITVA), Kellogg, Kraft, Nestle, Pepsi, Philips, Schick and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.