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Collection

Charles McKinney papers, 1952-1993 and undated 42 Linear Feet — 31500 Items

Charles C. Chick McKinney founded and headed the McKinney & Silver (M&S) advertising agency for 22 years, where he held positions of President and Chief Executive Officer. The agency, originally based in Raleigh, N.C., and presently headquartered in Durham, N.C., is one of the largest advertising agencies in the Southeastern U.S. The Charles McKinney Papers cover the years 1952-1993, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968-1990, the period during which McKinney served as President and CEO of the McKinney & Silver (M&S) advertising agency. The collection primarily consists of correspondence, memoranda, clippings, M&S presentations to clients, proofs, speeches, reports, McKinney's handwritten drafts of advertising campaigns, and numerous brochures from graphic artists and design companies. The collection also includes films of advertising spots, slides for new business presentations, and many periodicals related to advertising and graphic design. Companies represented in the collection include American Drew; Bacardi Corporation; Bahamas; Barnett Banks; Benihana; Beatrice Foods Company; Bigelow-Sanford Carpet Company; Black & Decker Corporation; Braniff Airways; Brown & Forman Inc.; Brown & Williamson; Colours; Del Monte Corporation; Drackett; Dunlop Sport, GoodMark Foods, Inc.; Gravely; Homelite; Kingsdown; Mars, Inc.; North Carolina National Bank; North Carolina Travel and Tourism; Norweigan Cruise Line; PET Dairy; Piedmont Airlines, Inc.; Pillsbury Company; Pine State; Quincy's; Royal Caribbean Cruise Line; Tile Council of America; Travelmation; and USAir Group, Inc.

The Charles McKinney Papers cover the years 1952-1993, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968-1990, the period during which McKinney served as President and CEO of the McKinney & Silver (M&S) advertising agency. The collection primarily consists of correspondence; memoranda; clippings; presentations to clients; proofs; speeches; reports; McKinney's handwritten drafts of advertising campaigns; and brochures from graphic artists and design companies. The collection also includes films and videocassettes of advertising spots, slides for new business presentations, and periodicals related to advertising and graphic design. Companies represented in the collection include American Drew; Bacardi Corporation; Bahamas Tourism; Barnett Banks; Benihana; Beatrice Foods Company; Bigelow-Sanford Carpet Company; Black & Decker Corporation; Braniff Airways; Brown & Forman Inc.; Brown & Williamson; Colours; Del Monte Corporation; Drackett; Dunlop Sport; GoodMark Foods, Inc.; Gravely; Homelite; Kingsdown; Mars, Inc.; North Carolina National Bank; North Carolina Travel and Tourism; Norweigan Cruise Line; PET Dairy; Piedmont Airlines, Inc.; Pillsbury Company; Pine State Dairy; Quincy's; Royal Caribbean Cruise Line; Tile Council of America; Travelmation; and USAir Group, Inc.; among others.

Many of the clippings and presentation drafts and fragments arrived unfoldered and interspersed throughout the collection. Complete presentation drafts were foldered by presentation title; presentation fragments and clippings were foldered as miscellaneous. Many of McKinney's drafts of advertising campaigns appeared in ruled notepads, often with clippings and additional sketched interleaved. Items attached to a particular notepad were foldered together and titled by subject and detached from cardboard backing. Legal sized notes were photocopied and reduced to letter size.

Collection
Joel Raphaelson was an advertising executive with Ogilvy & Mather in New York and Chicago. The Joel Raphaelson papers include correspondence, speeches and presentations, writing drafts and other printed materials as well as audiovisual materials in multiple formats (videocassettes, optical disks, audio reels). Topics include agency and account management, management philosophy and strategic direction, and theories of writing for business and advertising copy. A significant portion of the collection is devoted to correspondence with David Ogilvy, Ogilvy's memos and other writings. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

The Joel Raphaelson papers include correspondence, speeches and presentations, writing drafts and other printed materials as well as audiovisual materials in multiple formats (videocassettes, optical disks, audio reels). Topics include agency and account management, management philosophy and strategic direction, and theories of writing for business and advertising copy. A significant portion of the collection is devoted to correspondence with David Ogilvy, Ogilvy's memos and other writings. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection
Advertising executive who worked for the Ogilvy & Mather agency in New York and London. Collection includes correspondence, financial and research reports, client and new business presentations, speeches, policy manuals, booklets and other printed materials, as well as videocassettes and print advertisements that document Blaney's work in client services, staff training and general management at Ogilvy & Mather. Companies represented include American Express, Chesebrough-Pond's, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Shell, SmithKline Beecham and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes correspondence, financial and research reports, client and new business presentations, speeches, policy manuals, booklets and other printed materials, as well as videocassettes and print advertisements that document Blaney's work in client services, staff training and general management at Ogilvy & Mather. Companies represented include American Express, Chesebrough-Pond's, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Shell, SmithKline Beecham and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection
Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. It is headquartered in New York. Collection includes correspondence, bills, approvals and releases, lists of stockholders, estimates, wage cards, legal files (lawsuits, judgments, claims), insurance documents and other printed materials. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes correspondence, bills, approvals and releases, lists of stockholders, estimates, wage cards, legal files (lawsuits, judgments, claims), insurance documents and other printed materials. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection
Bertram Metter worked for over thirty years as an advertising and marketing executive, most notably as a copywriter, creative director, and Vice Chairman at J. Walter Thompson USA (JWT). In in early years at JWT, Metter worked as a direct response specialist for the Ford Motor Company direct marketing operation. He also served as a primary on the Ford account, during which time he directed print and television promotion for Ford and played a key role in the launching of several new car models. The Bertram Metter Papers span 1908 to 2000, with the bulk of the collection dating 1953 through the late 1980s. Collection contains materials in a variety of formats, including correspondence, writings, newspaper and magazine clippings, sheet music, printed materials, photographs, and photostats. In addition to materials for the Ford Motor Company, the collection documents Metter's work for other major clients, including the Pepsi-Cola Company (Mexico) and Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company. Bulk of the collection consists of advertising and marketing research, client reports and correspondence, promotional materials, and other professional files. Also contains materials related to Metter's later work as a consultant and author, including drafts of an unpublished book manuscript entitled Breaking the Rules at J. Walter Thompson, a chronicle of his career at JWT.

The Bertram Metter Papers span 1908 to 2000, with the bulk of the collection dating 1953 through the late 1980s. The collection includes materials in a variety of formats, including correspondence, writings, newspaper and magazine clippings, sheet music, printed materials, photographs, and photostats, that document Metter's thirty years in advertising and marketing, with a focus on his career as a copywriter, creative director, and Vice Chairman at J. Walter Thompson USA (JWT). The collection provides a record of Metter's early work as a "direct response specialist" for the Ford Motor Company direct marketing operation, and other roles on the Ford account (Metter directed print and television promotion for Ford and played a key role in the launching of several new car models). In addition to Ford materials, the collection documents Metter's work for other major clients, including the Pepsi-Cola Company (Mexico) and Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company. While the bulk of the collection consists of advertising and marketing research, client reports and correspondence, promotional materials, and other professional files, the collection also contains materials related to Metter's later work as a consultant and author, including drafts of an unpublished book manuscript entitled "Breaking the Rules at J. Walter Thompson," a chronicle of his career at JWT.

The collection is organized into four series: Professional Files, Writings, Ford Motor Company Account Files, and Other Clients.

The Professional Files Series contains JWT office (non-client) files, memoranda, and publications; industry publications and press clippings; overviews of Metter's professional biography; and limited files on Metter's consulting work for Ross Roy Advertising. The Writings Series contains Metter's writings on the advertising industry; bulk of series is composed of an unpublished book manuscript entitled "Breaking the Rules at J. Walter Thompson," comprised primarily of chapter drafts and research. The Ford Series, the largest series in the collection, includes materials relating to the launch and promotion of new models (Escort, Maverick, Mustang, Olympic, Pinto, Thunderbird, and Torino); marketing research and strategic reports; Ford direct mail materials and newsletters; television commercial scripts and storyboards; advertisement clippings and headlines; reproduction prints of early photographs of the Model T from the Ford Archives, Henry Ford Museum; photostats promoting the Ford Erika; and photocopies of sheet music of Ford songs from the early twentieth century. The Other Clients Series includes materials relating to general marketing research; new business acquisition; and promotional campaigns for clients other than Ford, including Firestone, Liggett & Myers, and Pepsi-Cola (Mexico). Large-format materials have been removed from their original series location and relocated to Oversize Materials.

Collection

This collection (94-110) (27,000 items, 50 linear feet, dated 1908-1989) consists mostly of vertical files, including office newsletters, speeches and writings, publications, training and planning documents from Chicago and other JWT offices. There are also 78 reels of microfilm of Chicago office ads prior to 1970, as well as significant collections of proof files especially pertaining to major clients like Kraft, Quaker Oats, and Schlitz. In addition, the collection holds several hundred "Aber Reports" dating between 1950-1971, which were market research summations of various product categories. A container list for this accession follows below.

Subsequent additions (96-169, 99-130, 99-239) (8514 items; dated 1970-1998) contain an item-level index to the massive library of research reports maintained by JWT's Chicago Office. Materials are arranged in alphabetical order; the largest alphabetical run is by company name. There are also cards for "X" and "AV" reports, general research reports, and an index to JWT People Profiles. Also included are printed proceedings from international symposia on magazine readership research for 1981, 1983, 1985, 1988, and 1991, including copies of some of the previously unpublished papers and related printed material (1998). These materials reveal the lengths to which advertisers go to gain insight into consumer thinking. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising and Marketing History. A container list for accession 99-130 follows below.

Addition (01-110) (70 items, .2 lin. ft.; dated [1980s]) consists of about 70 color slides depicting people, events, and locations within the company's Chicago offices.

Addition (02-0188) (397 items, 8.7 linear feet; dated 1980-2000 and undated) comprises primarily information on and examples of Thompson Total Branding (TTB), including in the US, England, Jamaica, and Asia. TTB began in 1996 and is JWT's method for addressing client marketing needs. Also includes copies of earlier methodologies, the T-Plan and Thompson Way; employee manuals; training material; J. Walter University intern/trainee manual (2000); information about the Lintas, McCann-Erickson, and Ogilvy and Mather agencies; material from JWT's World Partners Council meetings (Italy, 1995; Mexico, 1997) and marketing seminars held in the agency's Asia-Pacific region; six 3/4" U-matic SP and 11 VHS videocassettes, mainly of presentations and training material (1980s-1990s); 1 audiocassette; 47 color slides; and 208 electronic documents on 2 CD-ROMs. A container list for this accession follows below.

Several accessions of the JWT Chicago Office Records were completely or partially deaccessioned at the request of the JWT Chicago and returned to the JWT Record Center. These involved proprietary research in which the clients still retained an interest. The accessions involved were: 95-016 (10 boxes); 95-015 (7 boxes); 95-018 (2 boxes); 95-017 (1 box); and 99-0130 (28 boxes). For further information, contact Research Services.

Collection
The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT), founded in 1864, is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. Corporate Documentation primarily consists of minute books to the regular meetings of JWT's stockholders and Directors; administrative and finance records; and reports from JWT's subsidiaries, committees and other institutional bodies. Topics covered include annual assessments of agency performance; planning; by-laws; stock incentive plans and retirement plans; and efforts to standardize operational practices across the many offices of JWT. The collection also includes background information relative to annual meetings, and the anniversaries of various offices. The collection derives from the RG1 Record Group, Corporate Documentation and General Reference, created by the JWT Archives prior to the transfer of the archives to Duke University.

Corporate Documentation primarily consists of minute books to the regular meetings of JWT's stockholders and Directors; administrative and finance records; and reports from JWT's subsidiaries, committees and other institutional bodies. Topics covered include annual assessments of agency performance; planning; by-laws; stock incentive plans and retirement plans; and efforts to standardize operational practices across the many offices of JWT. The collection also includes background information relative to annual meetings, and the anniversaries of various offices.

The collection derives from the RG1 record group, "Corporate Documentation and General Reference," created by the JWT Archives prior to the transfer of the archives to Duke University.

Records have been arranged into five topical series: General Administration; Committees; JWT Group; International Offices; and Subsidiaries.

The General Administration Series consists of records relating to the Board of Directors, corporate by-laws, office anniversaries, and several types of financial records, including those pertaining to stock issue, the Profit-Sharing Trust, and employees' retirement trust accounts. The Committees Series includes background materials and minutes to the regular meetings of corporate committees. The JWT Group Series contains records generated during the period, beginning around 1980, when JWT reorganized its assets into a holding company, the JWT Group. The International Offices Series primarily consists of minutes to annual meetings held by JWT offices outside the United States. The Subsidiaries Series primarily consists of minutes to annual meetings, along with some incorporation documentation, of wholly or partially owned JWT subsidiary companies.

Collection
Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. It is headquartered in New York. Denis Lanigan was an executive who managed JWT Offices in Frankfurt, London and New York before being named Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer. Collection includes correspondence and memoranda, policy manuals and reports, account files and research reports that document Lanigan's career in JWT offices in Frankfurt and New York. Companies represented include Chevron, Kellogg, Kodak, Kraft, Nestle, Pepsi, R.J. Reynolds and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John. W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Includes correspondence and memoranda, policy manuals and reports, account files and research reports that document Lanigan's career in JWT offices in Frankfurt and New York. Companies represented include Chevron, Kellogg, Kodak, Kraft, Nestle, Pepsi, R.J. Reynolds and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John. W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection
Founded in 1864, the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT) is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. It is headquartered in New York. JWT maintained an office in Detroit from 1909-1920 and reopened it in 1944. Blaise Newman was an executive with the JWT Detroit Office, Director of Corporate Communications and Special Projects. Collection includes account files, correspondence, memorabilia, newsletters, print advertisements, research reports, scripts and drafts of speeches and presentations, slides and photographs, videocassettes, and other printed materials. Companies represented include Champion Spark Plug, Ford, Health Alliance Plan, Holley, Red Cross and United Way. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes account files, correspondence, memorabilia, newsletters, print advertisements, research reports, scripts and drafts of speeches and presentations, slides and photographs, videocassettes, and other printed materials. Companies represented include Champion Spark Plug, Ford, Health Alliance Plan, Holley, Red Cross and United Way. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection
The J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT), founded in 1864, is one of the oldest and largest enduring advertising agencies in the United States. Don Johnston held many positions at JWT, beginning his career as a trainee in the Detroit mailroom and retiring as CEO and President. The Don Johnston Papers span the years 1964-1996 and document his career in various positions with JWT. The collection includes international and domestic inter-office correspondence, personal and administrative files, management manuals, presentations, speeches, budgets, billings and profit reports, and video-cassettes that relate to planning for JWT projects, committee meetings, marketing research, contracts with clients, management directives, and JWT's corporate mission and philosophy. The papers also touch on Joseph O'Donnell's attempted hostile takeover of the JWT Group, and the purchase of JWT by the WPP Group. Clients represented include: Ford Motor Company, Unilever, Chevron, General Foods, and Uniroyal Tire. Offices represented include: Buenos Aires, Toronto, Chicago, Santiago, Detroit, Paris, Frankfurt, Bombay (Mumbai), London, Tokyo, New York, and Johannesburg.

The Don Johnston Papers span the years 1964-1996 and document his career in various positions with JWT. The collection includes international and domestic inter-office correspondence, personal and administrative files, management manuals, presentations, speeches, budgets, billings and profit reports, and video-cassettes materials that relate to planning for JWT projects, committee meetings, marketing research, contracts with clients, management directives, and JWT's corporate mission and philosophy. The papers also touch on Joseph O'Donnell's attempted hostile takeover of the JWT Group, and the purchase of JWT by the WPP Group. Clients represented include: Ford Motor Company, Unilever, Chevron, General Foods, and Uniroyal Tire. Offices represented include: Buenos Aires, Toronto, Chicago, Santiago (Chile), Detroit, Paris, Frankfurt, Bombay (Mumbai), London, Tokyo, New York, and Johannesburg (South Africa).

The collection is organized into four series: Memoranda, Administrative Files, Personal Files, and Audiovisual Materials.

The Memoranda Series includes business correspondence to and from Johnston during his career with JWT and mainly pertains to the day to day operations throughout the worldwide operations of JWT as a transnational entity.

The Administrative Files Series includes reports, plans, inter-office correspondence, general administrative files, as well as information on fund-raising for the JWT archives at Duke University.

The Personal Files Series includes newspaper and periodical clippings, as well as personal correspondence.

The Audiovisual Materials Series consists of promotional works and interviews by Johnston during his tenure with JWT.

Related materials within the JWT Archives may be found in these collections: the Burt Manning Papers, the Thomas Sutton Papers, the Rena Bartos Papers, the Harry Clark Papers, the Joseph O'Donnell Papers, the Greg Bathon Papers and the Denis Lanigan Papers.