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Arthur F. Burns papers, 1911-2005 and undated, bulk 1940-1987 18.5 Linear Feet — approximately 2,675 items — 2.6 Gigabytes

Arthur Frank Burns was an Austrian-born economist, policy maker, and diplomat; chair of U.S. Federal Reserve Board from 1970-1978 and economic advisor for six U.S. presidencies. These papers cover the years 1911 through 2005. The bulk of the material was created between 1940 and 1987 and pertains to Burns's career as an economic advisor, particularly to Republican administrations, as the chair of the Federal Reserve, and as ambassador to Germany. The collection is arranged into seven series: Correspondence, Honors and Awards, Journals, Personal Papers, Photographs, Print Materials, and Research and Teaching. Topics of interest in this collection include but are not limited to: the United States economic system and fiscal policies; the Federal Reserve Board and related committees; recessions, unemployment, and inflation; the world economy and finance; the U.S. presidency during the time period; the Nixon presidency in particular, including the Watergate affair; presidential campaigns and elections; and U.S. diplomacy. There is a limited amount of research and teaching material, chiefly from the 1920s-1930s. The most significant component of the collection is the correspondence between Arthur Burns and Presidents Eisenhower, Nixon, Kennedy, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, as well as substantive exchanges with economists Milton Friedman and Wesley Clair Mitchell. There are a few letters in German, French, and Russian.

The Arthur Frank Burns Papers cover the years 1911 through 2005. The bulk of the material was created from 1940 to 1987 and pertains to Burns's career as an economic advisor, particularly to Republican administrations, as the chair of the Federal Reserve, and as ambassador to Germany. The collection is arranged into seven series: Correspondence, Honors and Awards, Journals, Personal Papers, Photographs, Print Materials, and Research and Teaching. There are also oversize materials housed at the end of the collection. Topics of interest in this collection include but are not limited to: the United States economic system and fiscal policies; the Federal Reserve Board and related committees; recessions, unemployment, and inflation; the world economy and finance; the U.S. presidency during the time period; the Nixon presidency in particular, including the Watergate affair; presidential campaigns and elections; and diplomacy. There is a small amount of research and teaching material, chiefly from the 1920s-1930s. The most significant component of the collection is the correspondence between Arthur Burns and Presidents Eisenhower, Nixon, Kennedy, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, as well as substantial exchanges with economists Milton Friedman and Wesley Clair Mitchell.

The most substantial and notable papers are found in the Correspondence Series, which contains letters and memoranda written from 1911-1997 both to and from Burns and/or his wife, Helen. The series is organized into three subseries, Correspondence by Individual, Correspondence by Topic, and Correspondence to Mrs. Helen Burns. The majority of the exchanges in the first subseries are letters written to or by presidents or vice presidents (Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Spiro Agnew, Hubert Humphrey, and Nelson Rockefeller). Burns's correspondence with presidents Eisenhower and Nixon is particularly extensive and reveals the making of crucial policy decisions. Also included is Burns's correspondence with economists Wesley Clair Mitchell, Milton Friedman, and George Stigler. This subseries is organized alphabetically by correspondent and then chronologically.

The Correspondence by Topic subseries contains letters and attachments primarily related to Burns's work in academia, politics, and the private sector. Finally, the Correspondence to Mrs. Helen Burns subseries contains letters written by prominent figures such as Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and Mamie Eisenhower to Burns's wife, Helen, both during his life and after his death.

High-value correspondence, including originals signed by presidents and some other notable correspondents, are separately stored and restricted to use except under direct staff supervision. Photocopies of these original manuscripts have been made for researcher use. Other letters signed by mechanical means have not been photocopied, but they are filed with the photocopies of original letters.

The other series house papers and memorabilia documenting Burns' career, including photocopies of two handwritten journals (1969-1974) kept by Burns during the Nixon Administration; several folders of early research and teaching materials; honors and awards received by Burns; personal correspondence, clippings, and other materials; lectures, speeches, and articles from Burns's career as economist and ambassador; photographs of Burns, his wife Helen, and political figures and celebrities attending events; publicity items such as news clippings, interviews, and articles about Burns; and program materials for the Arthur F. Burns Fellowship, an exchange program for German and U.S. media professionals. Further description available at the series level in this collection guide.

The great majority of the Burns papers are in English, but there are roughly ten items in German and a few items in French and Russian (Cyrillic script).

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Hugh Gladney Grant papers, 1847-1939 15 Linear Feet — 7200 Items

U.S. Minister to Albania, 1935-1939. With the exception of his diary, these papers are largely Grant's correspondence and other records from his service as U.S. Minister to Albania, 1935-1939. His extensive diary covers this period, but most of it, as does some of his correspondence and other records, covers the period (1927-1933) while he was secretary to Sen. Hugo L. Black. Other topics covered in detail include the roles of Senators Heflin and Black, Alabama and National Democratic politics, the Depression, particularly in Alabama, the Bonus March on Washington in 1932, Albania and its King Zog, administration of the U.S. Legation in that country, and the rise of Mussolini and Hitler. In his diary, he gives opinions of many people, including Senator Black, Neville Chamberlain, King Zog, and Charles Lindbergh. Between 1933 and 1935, he was in the Division of Western European Affairs in the Department of State, and that service is also covered in this collection. A collection of photographs of Albania, various other places, and some family photos are included. There are a few clippings, and some personal correspondence of Grant and of Mrs. Hugh G. Grant.

With the exception of his diary, these papers are largely Grant’s correspondence and other records from his service as U.S. Minister to Albania, 1935-1939. His extensive diary covers this period, but most of it, as does some of his correspondence and other records, covers the period (1927-1933) while he was secretary to Sen. Hugo L. Black. Other topics covered in detail include the roles of Senators Heflin and Black, Alabama and National Democratic politics, the Depression, particularly in Alabama, the Bonus March on Washington in 1932, Albania and its King Zog, administration of the U.S. Legation in that country, and the rise of Mussolini and Hitler. In his diary, he gives opinions of many people, including Senator Black, Neville Chamberlain, King Zog, and Charles Lindbergh. Between 1933 and 1935, he was in the Division of Western European Affairs in the Department of State, and that service is also covered in this collection. A collection of photographs of Albania, various other places, and some family photos are included. There are a few clippings, and some personal correspondence of Grant and of Mrs. Hugh G. Grant.

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Jack Faust Matlock was US Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1987-1991. This collection includes materials from him and his wife, photographer Rebecca Matlock, dating largely from the 1940s through the mid-2010s. The bulk of items relates to their work for the US Foreign Service; they were officially stationed in Washington, Moscow, Prague, Accra, Dar es Salaam, and Zanzibar and traveled extensively throughout the world. Jack Matlock was a key figure in the Ronald Reagan administration and participated in almost every US-USSR summit from the 1970s until his retirement in 1991. Also present in the collection are diaries, writings, memoranda, reports, clippings, interviews, photographs, event files, audiovisual materials, and other documents regarding the Matlocks' career, travels, interests, family life, and scholarship.

This collection contains diaries, calendars, interviews, recordings, photographs, memoranda, clippings, writings, memorabilia, and other documents spanning the lives of Jack F. Matlock and Rebecca B. Matlock. The Matlocks spent 35 years in the US Foreign Service, with posts in Washington, Accra, Vienna, Germany, Zanzibar, Dar es Salaam, Moscow, and Prague. Their collection documents their government work as well as their family life, travels, and interactions with US and Soviet officials and citizens.

Materials have been sorted into series: Diaries, Foreign Service, Consecutive Files, Writings, Academia, Events, Subjects/Organizations/Names, and Personal Files. Each series is detailed below.

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Robin Chandler Lynn Duke papers, [ca. 1930]-2009 56.2 Linear Feet — 81747 Items

Robin Chandler Lynn Duke held office or was active in a number of organizations including Population Action International, the National Abortion Rights Action League, The Packard Foundation, the Draper World Population Fund, and several major corporations. Married to Ambassador Angier B. Duke. Collection (22100 items, dated 1942-2000) contains items related to Duke's extensive involvement in abortion rights, family planning, and population studies organizations. Series within the collection include correspondence, clippings, writings, publications, miscellaneous, photographs, and subject files. A substantial amount of correspondence from Duke was written to members of the U.S. House and Senate, and was written by Duke in her capacity as National Chair of Population Action International. Books and pamphlets report on population studies, child education, family planning, violence against women, and international education. Organizations represented in the collection include Population Action International, the Draper World Population Fund, Planned Parenthood, NARAL (National Abortion Rights Action League), "The Anatomy of Hate" conference, and the National Abortion Federation.

Collection (22100 items, dated 1942-2000) contains items related to Duke's extensive involvement in abortion rights, family planning, and population studies organizations. Series within the collection include correspondence, clippings, writings, publications, miscellaneous, photographs, and subject files. A substantial amount of correspondence from Duke was written to members of the U.S. House and Senate, and was written by Duke in her capacity as National Chair of Population Action International. Books and pamphlets report on population studies, child education, family planning, violence against women, and international education. Organizations represented in the collection include Population Action International, the Draper World Population Fund, Planned Parenthood, NARAL (National Abortion Rights Action League), "The Anatomy of Hate" conference, and the National Abortion Federation.

Additional organizations represented include the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Promise Keepers, Rockefeller Foundation, Center for Gender Equality, Harvard School of Public Health, Friends of Art and Preservation in Embassies, Institute of International Education, International Flavors and Fragrances, National Mother's Day Committee, and the National Park Foundation.

Other parts of the collection deal more directly with Duke personally and with her husband. Files relate to social events and awards ceremonies, the Congressional campaign of 1977, and a number of other organizations concerned with her activities or her husband's ambassadorships. There is also information concerning the National Wildflower Research Center, the Council of American Ambassadors, the United Nations and other organizations; as well as information related to a white house dinner; speeches; articles about Duke; an appointment book; and personal files.

A number of other scrapbooks contain photos and other items from the time when Duke served as a fashion editor.

The addition (7089 items, 11.10 linear feet, dated ca. 1930-2001) comprises correspondence, subject files, articles and newspaper clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, photograph albums, and printed materials that primarily describe conferences attended and trips taken by Duke, focusing on the organizations in which she was actively involved. Also includes incoming and outgoing correspondence; files on fundraising dinners and meetings; and Angier Biddle Duke's typescript journal entries, "For the Record" (1981-1985), composed while visiting a number of countries. Also includes 71 black-and-white prints, 236 color prints, 780 color negatives, and 2 fabric bags. (01-147)

The addition (3250 items, 7.3 linear feet, dated 1960-2000) contains primarily correspondence, reports, speeches, newspaper clippings, printed material, and miscellaneous items related to Robin Duke's ambassadorship to Norway and her activism in major organizations for population control, including NARAL and Planned Parenthood. There are 5 videocassette tapes, including "JFK--A Time Remembered;" as well as 37 black-and-white and 5 color photographs, including a photograph album of a visit to Marrakech. The collection also contains diplomas, awards, and several commemorative photos/drawings signed by Lady Bird Johnson. (01-155)

The addition (2000-0341) (2175 items, 3.4 linear feet; dated 1991-2000 and undated, bulk 1998-2000) contains correspondence, notes, information packets, two videocassette tapes, one CD-RW containing 15 electronic audio file and printed material from meetings Duke attended. Also includes correspondence, speech notes, two black-and-white photographs, and information packets relating to the Albert Lasker Public Service Award Duke won in 1991. There is one additional black-and-white group photograph taken at a lecture.

The addition (2002-0162) (2400 items, 4.0 linear feet; dated [ca. 1990]-2002) contains primarily reports, printed material, correspondence, and 1 black-and-white and 12 color photographs related to Duke's activism in various organizations, including Friends of Art and Preservation in Embassies and the US-Japan Foundation (1990-2001). Also includes correspondence, orientation packets, talking points, and reports received or used by Duke as ambassador to Norway (2000-2001).

The addition (2002-0311) (750 items, 1.6 linear feet) comprises miscellaneous materials relating to Duke's numerous involvements, including personal and professional correspondence, meeting and event information, organizational files, newspaper clippings, reports, and printed material. A container list was not created for this addition.

The addition (2003-0096) (1500 items, 2.2 linear feet) contains correspondence and other materials related to Duke's activism in organizations including F.A.P.E., A.S.F., I.R.C., and the U.N. Association (1983-2003); and documents related to her position as Ambassador to Norway (2000-2001). Also includes files about parties and other events, and a small amount of personal correspondence.

The addition (2003-0268) (500 items, 1.4 lin. ft.; dated 1998-2003) contains business correspondence and other materials related to Duke's activism in NARAL, UNESCO, and Population Action International. Also includes a small amount of personal correspondence and 2 VHS tapes, "Packing the Courts: The Battle over President Bush's Judicial Appointments" and "Access Denied: US Family Planning Restrictions in Zambia".

The addition (2005-0060) (3390 items, 5.4 lin. ft.; dated 2002-2005) comprises correspondence, printed material, and board meeting packets related to Duke's activism. Also includes a transcript of oral history interviews conducted by Smith College, and 3 VHS videocassettes.

The addition (2005-0120) (697 itmes, 1.8 lin. ft.; dated 1992-2005) comprises personal and professional correspondence; board meeting packets related to Duke's activism in a wide variety of organizations.

The addition (2006-0054) (576 items; 1.3 lin. ft.; dated 1969-2006 and undated) contains correspondence (1993-2006); and other materials related to Duke's activism. There are also 2 CD-ROMs, printed material, clippings, and invitations to luncheons and dinner parties.

The addition (2006-0062) (1025 items; 1.6 lin. ft.; dated 1962-2006 and undated) comprises correspondence, invitations, speeches, printed material, and ephemera related to Duke's activism in organizations (1983-2006). There are also materials that once formed a photo album/scrapbook, with 27 black-and-white photos of the Dukes as well as interior and exterior photos documenting their remodeling of Blair House, the presidential guest quarters, in Washington, DC (undated, probably 1962); invitations; and correspondence (1962-1968), including letters from Jackie Kennedy, Lady Bird Johnson, and others.

The addition (2006-0092) (1025 items; 1.6 lin. ft.; dated 1962-2006 and undated) contains clippings, periodicals and reference works, as well as meeting guides, conference materials, correspondence and other materials regarding Duke's political, charitable and ambassadorial activities. There is also one DVD and two black-and-white copies of family photos.

The addition (2007-0014) (1500 items; 2.4 lin. ft.; dated 1962-2006) contains correspondence, including letters from Jackie Kennedy and Lady Bird Johnson; menus and programs for United States Presidential luncheons and dinners; documentation, pamphlets, and files from councils and organizations; a diploma for Angier Biddle Duke from Duke University; speeches; printed materials; and newspaper clippings.

The addition (2007-0087) (675 items; 0.9 lin. ft.; dated 1964-2007) contains correspondence, photographs, speech transcripts, and conference materials from Duke's charitable and political organizations.

The addition (2007-0194) (675 items; 0.9 lin. ft; dated 2000-2007) contains correspondence, charitable committee and meeting materials, and a New York Look Book featuring Duke and her fashion sense. This collection has been interfiled with Addition (2007-0087).

The addition (2008-0116) (600 items; 0.8 lin. ft; dated 2007-2008) includes conference ephemera and other materials from Duke's involvement in charities and political activities; miscellaneous materials and correspondence; and publications from various international organizations.

Addition (2009-0168) (900 items; 1.2 lin. ft.; dated 1960s-2009) includes correspondence, board meeting publications from Duke's various charities and organizations, letters from prominent people, and miscellaneous materials such as newspaper clippings and photographs.

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Virginia lawyer and writer; ambassador to Italy from 1913-1919. The Thomas Nelson Page Papers span the years 1739-1927. Personal and professional correspondence, legal and business papers, writings, diplomatic dispatches, clippings and other items (chiefly 1885-1920) relate to Page's legal and literary career; his activities as a lyceum lecturer; his marriages and family relations; and his interest in civic affairs, plantation life, social reform and race relations in the United States, particularly during and after Reconstruction; American politics and diplomacy, especially during World War I; and European travel. Many of his papers directly relate to his term as ambassador to Italy during World War I, from 1913 to 1919.

The Thomas Nelson Page Papers span the years 1739-1927, with the majority of the materials dating from the 1880s to 1920. The papers include personal and professional correspondence, legal and business papers, writings, diplomatic dispatches, clippings and other items, all relating to Page's legal and literary career. Topics include his activities as a lyceum lecturer; his marriages and family relations; his role in and perspective on American politics and foreign relations, particularly during World War II; travels in Europe; and his interest in civic affairs, social reform and race relationsin the United States, particularly during and following Reconstruction. Collection is arranged in the following series: Correspondence, Legal and Financial Papers, Writings and Speeches, Diplomacy, Visual Materials, Personal Papers, and Clippings Two oversize newspapers are described in a series at the end of the finding aid.

In the Correspondence Series, the largest in the collection, letters prior to 1880 include personal correspondence from various members of the Page family, especially between Thomas Nelson Page, his mother, Elizabeth Burwell (Nelson) Page, and brother, Rosewell Page, who lived at the ancestral estate, "Oakland," in Hanover County, Virginia. Page describes his political activities in letters concerning the presidential campaigns of 1912 and 1916. Correspondence from this period also includes personal letters to members of the family describing new experiences in diplomatic life, and routine business correspondence. Significant correspondents in the series include C. F. Adams, Grover Cleveland, Josephus Daniels, J. C. Harris, William D. Howells, Robert Lansing, Robert T. Lincoln, Henry C. Lodge, Theodore Roosevelt, E. Root, J. M. Stoddart, and William H. Taft. For some of these individuals only one or two pieces of correspondence exist. Another set of correspondence, dated 1883-1912 and interfiled at the end of the correspondence series, comprises photocopies of letters (and a few other items, including a telegram, Christmas greeting, and obituary clipping on Henry Hobson) chiefly from Page to close friend Henry Wise Hobson (1858-1898), originally of Virginia, and to his wife Katherine. Notes: Originals for photocopies are in the donor's possession. The collection also includes two scrapbooks, found in the Personal Papers Series, containing cards and envelopes from distinguished persons. This series also houses documents related to Page's ties with the University of Virginia, personal reminiscences, various fragmentary notes, and a journal from 1863. Four folders of carbon copies of diplomatic dispatches from Page to the U.S. State Department and to President Woodrow Wilson, along with other papers related to his diplomatic activities, can be found in the Diplomacy Series. Another small group, the Legal and Financial Series, houses documents relating to Page's properties and other business affairs. The Writings and Speeches Series contains many manuscripts and drafts of political and literary speeches, memoirs, essays, and articles, but none of Page's major literary works. Several folders of materials in this series contain Page's detailed journalistic notes describing his trips in 1916 to the war fronts in Italy and France. Extensive folders of cuttings in the Clippings Series were taken from both American and Italian newspapers, and comprise a significant portion of the collection. The clippings refer to events in Page's career such as lyceum appearances, political appointments, and political speeches, both in the United States and in Italy. In addition, Page clipped articles referring to race relations in the United States, particularly in the South. The clippings also document national and global events during Page's years as an ambassador to Italy from 1913 to 1919, and provide rich background material for a study of United States foreign relations with Italy and other countries during World War I. There are also a few photographs in the Visual Materials Series, some of which depict scenes from wartime Italy.