Anti-Civil Rights ephemera collection, 1945-1971 and undated 0.2 Linear Feet
This collection contains assorted printed materials and some manuscript ephemera produced by groups, particularly states' rights groups, intent on opposing civil rights legislation and desegregation efforts in the Southern United States in the 1960s. Materials date from 1945 through 1971; the bulk of the items are from the 1960s, with some materials undated. Geographically, the collection is centered on Birmingham, Alabama, with some materials from Georgia and other regions in Alabama.
Items have been loosely foldered based on their origin or content. Groups represented include: National States Rights Party; United Americans for Conservative Government; Alabama Committee to Support Your Local Police; the Ku Klux Klan; The Southerners; and the American States' Rights Association, Inc.
The bulk of the materials contain racist and hate speech and texts promoting white supremacy and opposing integration and voting rights for Black Americans. Some items discuss Martin Luther King, Jr. and the NAACP; others are encouraging white voters to join forces in Citizens' Councils or other groups to retain power in local political organizations. Some materials relate to school integration and schools closing rather than desegregate classrooms.
There are also three transcriptions of speeches included: "The Brotherhood of Man Racket," by W. H. Amerine; an untitled speech by Hugh Morrow delivered to the Alabama legislature; and "Civil Rights Bill Denies Trial by Jury--Our Greatest Constitutional Right," by John J. Sparkman, reprinted in the Congressional Record in 1957.