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Start Over You searched for: Collection Joseph A. Sinsheimer papers, 1962-1987 Remove constraint Collection: Joseph A. Sinsheimer papers, 1962-1987 Online Access Available Online Remove constraint Online Access: Available Online

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Interviews and speeches, 1963-1987 6 Linear Feet — 157 items, 8 single-row cassette boxes, 2 paige boxes

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The oral history interviews in this collection were largely conducted and collected by Joseph Sinsheimer. The materials have been arranged by interview, and also include some speeches and occasional interviews by other historians, such as Howard Zinn, Clayborne Carson, and John Dittmer. Some transcripts do not have accompanying audiocassettes; likewise, some audiocassettes do not include a transcript. Sinsheimer's interviews were often accompanied by a memorandum in which he offered a brief biographical note on the interviewee and detailed the subjects covered in the interview. These notes have been included below when present in the collection.

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Leading civil rights activist in Hattiesburg, MS. Interview with Sinsheimer. Gray discussed: Vernon Dahmer's leadership in the local civil rights campaign; her first encounter with SNCC field secretary Hollis Watkins; economic reprisals directed against black civil rights workers by the local white community; lack of adult leadership in Mississippi movement; Lawrence Guyot's role in the Hattiesburg campaign.

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Local civil rights activist in Greenwood, MS. Interview with Sinsheimer. Allen discussed: Robert Moses' leadership role in the movement; the role of different black churches in supporting the Greenwood movement; black Greenwood's economic boycott of Slim Henderson's store in 1964; the difficulty of attempting to register to vote in Greenwood.

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SNCC's lead organizer in Greenwood, MS, 1962-1963. Interview with Sinsheimer. Block discussed: his childhood experiences with racism in Mississippi; his "recruitment" into the civil rights movement by Amzie Moore; developing a voter registration campaign in Greenwood; Cleveland Jordan's role in developing the Greenwood movement; Rev. Aaron Johnson's decision to open the First Christian Church to the movement; working with SNCC field secretary Willie Peacock in Greenwood; developing a voter registration campaign in Itta Bena, Mississippi; Bob Moses' role in the Mississippi campaign; the role of SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman in the Mississippi movement; the difficulty in getting black churches to open their doors to the movement; SNCC's relationship with the NAACP in the state; the psychological effects of the March on Washington in 1963; the need for greater staff education in the Mississippi movement.

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Branch president of the McComb, MS, NAACP, 1954-1985. Interview with Sinsheimer. Bryant discussed: Amzie Moore's role in sending Robert Moses to McComb; voter registration classes in McComb and Amite County in 1961; the murder of Herbert Lee; working with Robert Moses during the 1961 voter registration campaign; civil rights activity in McComb during the 1964 Freedom Summer project; McComb's reaction to white civil rights workers in 1964; the role of the U.S. Justice Dept. in MS civil rights activity.

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Author of the Children of Crisis series; advisor to SNCC, 1963-1964. Interview with Sinsheimer. Coles discussed: the intense media scrutiny of the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project; the tension between SNCC staff and student volunteers; recollections of Dennis Sweeney; the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) challenge to the all-white delegation at the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City.

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Reporter for the Memphis Commercial-Appeal, 1956-1980. Interview with Sinsheimer. Criss discussed: the pressure on white Southern newspaper reporters; the presence of the Ku Klux Klan in Greenwood; the role of various white officials in Greenwood, including former City Attorney Hardy Lott and former mayor Charles Sampson; reaction to the Beckwith trial (for the murder of Medgar Evers); the membership of the White Legal Defense Fund formed to support Beckwith; Hardy Lott's influence on the Greenwood Citizens Council; Greenwood's reaction to the 1964 Civil Rights Act; the tension between large plantation owners and other civic leaders in Greenwood over the issue of recruiting manufacturing jobs to the town in the late 1940s and 1950s.

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Student volunteer for the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project, 1964; member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts, 1981-2013. Interview with Sinsheimer. Frank discussed: how he was recruited to the project by Al Lowenstein; his experiences that summer in Jackson, MS; Al Lowenstein's reaction to the MFDP's Atlantic City challenge.

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Participants include Charles Smith, William Jenkins, Joe Martin, Rev. Harry Bowie, Edith Moore, L.B. Butler, and Jessie Devines, all civil rights activists in McComb, MS. Interview with Sinsheimer. Participants discussed: their childhood in the segregated South; black role models in the segregated South; leadership of C.C. Bryant in McComb race relations; the creation of the Pike County Voter's League in the 1940s; a school walk-out by a group of black Burgland High School students in the fall of 1961; changes in the movement from 1961 to 1964; role of Robert Moses in the Mississippi campaign.