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This series includes a number of images of Sea Island Gullah community scenes and people, photographed by Mason Crum in about 1935-1936, as well as a few photographs of charcoal portraits done in the Sea Islands by Winold Reiss of St. Helen. These images include 61 10" x 13" black and white prints mounted on 15" x 20" boards and individually numbered; many of these are labeled and signed by Mason Crum. Also included in this group are 48 3" x 4" glass lantern slides, very few of which overlap with the mounted prints, as well as several prints. These images depict landscapes, portraits, buildings and activities in the Gullah communities on the islands of Edisto and St. Helena's.

Personal photographs include a number of images of Mason Crum's family, including his ancestors, parents, sister, wife, children, as well as a former slave, Charles Baxter, and Mason Crum's childhood nurse, Julia Edwards. There are a large number of images of Lake Junaluska, including lake scenery, the Lake Junaluska Boys' Camp, groups of people, and houses, as well as surrounding areas in the Appalachian region of North Carolina. Also included are images of Mason Crum's classes at Duke and other schools; images from the "Doorways of Duke" article; images related to Washington Duke and the Duke family in Durham for "The Life and Times of Washington Duke"; clippings, an illustration, and a cover of World Outlook featuring Mason Crum and family; a number of other images identified and unidentified.

Most of the images are photographic prints, mounted and unmounted. Also included are glass lantern slides, 35mm color slides, safety film negatives, and nitrate negatives. Nitrate negatives are closed to research.

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Mason Crum (1887-1980) served on the faculty in the Department of Religion at Duke University from 1930 to 1957, specializing in race relations and Christianity, as well as the social history of the Gullah community of the South Carolina Sea Islands. The papers contain correspondence, printed material, writings, clippings, slides, photographs, negatives, and glass slides, and and a sound recording. Subjects of interest include religious aspects of race relations and segregation, African American religion and churches, Gullah dialect and culture, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and the Lake Junaluska, N.C. retreat. Photographs are of the Sea Islands, Lake Junaluska, Mason Crum's family, former slave Charles Baxter, and images relating to the Washington Duke family and Durham.

The Mason Crum papers include correspondence, printed material, hand written and typewritten manuscripts of books and articles, clippings, photographs, negatives, and glass slides, and an audio tape, dating chiefly from 1931-1959. Crum acquired the materials over the course of his career as a professor of Biblical literature who had interests in African American history, psychology, race relations, and recent Methodist church history. His major area of research was the Gullah communities of Edisto and St. Helena, two of the South Carolina Sea Islands, with the bulk of work here dating from the 1930s; the result of the research was Gullah, published by Duke University Press in 1940.

Other areas of interest reflected in the papers are moral education, pastoral counseling, and religious pageantry. Crum's concern with Christianity and race relations is shown by his participation in cooperative efforts in education, and in the teaching of one of the first Black studies courses in the South (1954).

Also included in the papers are photographs from the Sea Islands, from Junaluska, N.C., and more personal images of family, children, and relating to the Washington Duke family in Durham, N.C.