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Aaron Burr letter, Philadelphia, to Mrs. Burr, 1793, Dec. 24 4 items

Letter (ALS) to Mrs. Burr informing her that Benjamin Rush, uninformed that she is already taking hemlock for her illness, advises the same. Includes transcription.
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Abigail Adams letters, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Mrs. Esther Black, Quincy, Massachusetts., 1797-1798 15 items

6 letters (ALS) to Mrs. Black concerning Mr. and Mrs. Hall, who died in the yellow fever epidemic of 1797, and their orphaned infant daughter. Mr. Hall was treated by Dr. Benjamin Rush and Dr. John Redman Coxe. The infant was later inoculated for small pox by Dr. Rush. Includes transcriptions.
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Adamos manuscript, undated 1 item

Four pages of a materia medica, of which one section bears the title "The Efforts and Vertuos: with the severall use of Venice Triache."
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Admittance cards, 1811-1880 0.2 Linear Feet — 98 cards; 1 box

.Admittance, matriculation, and "Order of Lecture" cards are from a number of medical students from 1811-1880 in the University of Pennsylvania, Jefferson Medical College, Long Island College Hospital (Brooklyn, N.Y.), Harvard University Medical School, Philadelphia School of Anatomy, New Hampshire Medical Institution, Berkshire Medical Institution, and St. Bartholomew's Hospital (London, England). They contain the autographs of the most eminent professors of the day: i.e., Samuel Gross, Franklin Bache, Benjamin Rush, Austin Flint, Samuel Jackson, S. Weir Mitchell, J. K. Mitchell, Charles D. and James A Meigs, John Barclay Biddle, et al. The St. Bartholomew's Hospital card is signed by Ludford Harvey, John P. Vicent, and John Abernethy, the latter (1764-1831) being an eminent English surgeon and founder of the Medical School of St Bartholomew's. The "Order of Lecture" cards from Jefferson Medical College and the University of Pennsylvania list curricula, faculty and their residences, schedules of lectures and texts.Admittance cards, 1850-1853, are for courses at the Jefferson Medical School in Philadelphia. They include two matriculation cards for William D. Watson of Chatham County, N. C., dated Nov., 1850, and Oct., 1852, and an examination card Oct., 1852-1853, which is signed by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell as professor of Anatomy, Surgery and Physiology. Dr. Watson returned to Chatham County after his graduation. His house was destroyed during the Civil War. The portion of his medical library saved and stored in a neighboring attic eventually was placed in the historical Collection of the library of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School.

.Admittance, matriculation, and "Order of Lecture" cards are from a number of medical students from 1811-1880 in the University of Pennsylvania, Jefferson Medical College, Long Island College Hospital (Brooklyn, N.Y.), Harvard University Medical School, Philadelphia School of Anatomy, New Hampshire Medical Institution, Berkshire Medical Institution, and St. Bartholomew's Hospital (London, England). They contain the autographs of the most eminent professors of the day: i.e., Samuel Gross, Franklin Bache, Benjamin Rush, Austin Flint, Samuel Jackson, S. Weir Mitchell, J. K. Mitchell, Charles D. and James A Meigs, John Barclay Biddle, et al. The St. Bartholomew's Hospital card is signed by Ludford Harvey, John P. Vicent, and John Abernethy, the latter (1764-1831) being an eminent English surgeon and founder of the Medical School of St Bartholomew's. The "Order of Lecture" cards from Jefferson Medical College and the University of Pennsylvania list curricula, faculty and their residences, schedules of lectures and texts.

Admittance cards, 1850-1853, are for courses at the Jefferson Medical School in Philadelphia. They include two matriculation cards for William D. Watson of Chatham County, N. C., dated Nov., 1850, and Oct., 1852, and an examination card Oct., 1852-1853, which is signed by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell as professor of Anatomy, Surgery and Physiology. Dr. Watson returned to Chatham County after his graduation. His house was destroyed during the Civil War. The portion of his medical library saved and stored in a neighboring attic eventually was placed in the historical Collection of the library of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School.

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Adolf Baginsky enrollment book, Berlin, 1865-1866 1 item

This signed document is a record of lectures attended at the Konigliche Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat, Berlin.
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Adolf Kussmaul manuscript, Strassburg, 1880, Nov. 14 1 item

Autograph manuscript, signed. Describes results of a detailed examination of a patient's stomach and kidneys and prescribes a course of treatment.
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[Ad?] Richard papers, undated. 2 items

2 autographed notes from unidentified French physician.
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A. Howard Okie papers, 1842-1868 and undated. 10 items

Papers include letters from Dixon Hall Lewis and, in German, from Constantine Hering; prescriptions; and notes relating to social engagements.
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A. J. Lawyer papers, 1838-1842 3 items

ALS to his father, congressman Thomas Lawyer (1785-1868), of Lawyersville, Schoharie Co., New York. Letters generally refer to his medical studies.
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Alban Smith Payne letter, Markham, Virginia, to Miss Southwick, 1888, Dec. 11 1 item

ALS. Gives various details about his life, citing correspondents of note and relating his part in the "Willie Patterson affair", in which Payne knocked down Patterson, apparently a prizefighter, for attacking Usher Parsons.
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Albert Bushnell Hart papers, 1912-1928 3 items

TLS. Hart answers John Thomas Lee's inquiries regarding Alexander Hamilton's Itinerarium. Also included is a letter from J.R.H. Moore to Lee, in which Moore describes his copy of the book, which he wishes to sell.
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Albrecht von Haller papers, 1763-1770 and undated. 3 items

ALS. Malcolm Flemyng writes, in English, to Haller on medical matters. He sends a second letter, in Latin, in which he refers to Haller's Physiology and to John Locke. Haller writes, in French, to Ignazio Somis, reporting on fever in the family, malaria in Germany and other matters.
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Alexander Campbell note, 1808, Apr. 14 1 item

Holograph, signed. Promisory note for forty-five dollars to be paid to Joseph Basset.
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Alexander Fisher letter, to William Jerdan, 1821, Jan. 6 1 item

ALS. Fisher writes of his journal, presumably of the expedition of the H.M.S. Dorothea and Trent in 1818, and of the publication of Parry's account of the same. He writes of a future expedition, aboard the H.M.S. Hecla.
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Alexander von Humboldt papers, 1816-1966 [bulk between 1816-1855] and undated. 26 items

ALS, in French. Humboldt writes to P.H. Azais and Jules Berger de Xivrey on politics, philosophy, his expeditions, ethnology, natural history and the influence and inspiration of French thought. In 1966 Fritz Lange, of the Alexander-von-Humboldt-Kommission, writes to the Duke Medical Center Library regarding the Kommission's project to locate world-wide all correspondence to and from Humboldt.
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Alfred Langdon Elwyn letter, Philadelphia, 1859, May 18 1 item

ALS. Sends Mrs. Allen of Providence, an autograph collector, an autograph of financier Robert Morris. Writes of Morris' disastrous land speculations.
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Alva Curtis document, Columbus, Ohio, 1837, Mar. 5 1 item

Holograph, signed. Certifies that Alfred Church studied at the School for six months. Gives details of Church's work during this period.
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Amos Eaton papers, 1827-1831 3 items

ALS from William Tully informs Eaton that Stephen Van Rensselaer is at home. Eaton responds with an ALS to Van Rensselaer informing him of what his sons will need to bring if they are to accompany his expedition. In a later ALS Ebenezer Emmons solicits Eaton's editorial advice for the second edition of his "Manual of mineralogy and geology."
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Andre Chantemesse note, Paris, 1886, Apr. 8 2 items

Note (ANS) asking a colleague to meet him at the Hospital St. Antoine to be shown a method of treatment.
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Anthony Askew letters, 1745-1749 5 items

5 letters (ALS). Askew writes to Richard Mead and to his father, Dr. Adam Askew, about his travels, including visits to the library at Wolfenbuttel, and the Herculaneum. He discusses his classical studies, commenting on the work of various classicists including Richard Dawes, Richard Bentley, John Mill, and Johann Jacob Reiske.
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Antoine Dubois papers, 1821-1826, and undated. 3 items

3 ANS. One note informs a M. Cochin of his intent to visit a Mme. Benoit and to accept M. Benoit's offer of transportation. M. Benoit is identified as Cochin's father-in-law.
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Antoine Joseph Jobert de Lamballe letter, undated. 1 item

ALS. Announces the date of his arrival in Paris and promises upon his return to visit his friend's mother, who is ill.
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Antoine Laurent de Jussieu document, Paris, 1842, Feb. 19 1 item

Holograph document, signed. A receipt of payment for lattice work performed during January and Febrary of 1842. Signed by Jussieu, among others.
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Antoine Portal papers, 1779-1830 4 items

Papers include ALS, a receipt for taxes paid, and a statement of service for Jacques Francois Baron. The fourth item is an English translation of a missing item.
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A. Retzius papers, Stockholm, Sweden, 1847-1848 2 items

ALS. Retzius writes a letter of recommendation, in Swedish, and to C.F. Quintard, thanking him for the honor of the conferral of a diploma from the Aesculapian Society.
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A. Richerand papers, 1806 and undated. 2 items

Undated ALS informs Orfila that he cannot continue his course because of illness. Holograph document, signed, attests that Sieur France is fit for military service.
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Aristide Verneuil letters, Paris, 1884, undated 4 items

ALS. Correspondents include: M. Letulle and M. Palla. Discusses patients and a conference presided over by V. Cornil.
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Arturo Castiglioni papers, 1941 and undated. 3 items

Letter (ALS) from Castiglioni to Josiah Trent and two clippings of reviews of the English translation, History of Medicine, of Castiglioni's Storia della Medicina.
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Asahel Humphrey papers, Salisbury, Mass., 1812-1835 8 items

Holograph documents, signed. Receipts of payments made by the town of Salisbury to Dr. Asahel Humphrey, as well as Drs. M.A. Lee and William Walton.
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Augustus A. Gould papers, 1825-1851 and undated [bulk, 1825-1827]. 9 items

ALS. Gould writes of his life as tutor to the family of Mr. McBlair, a wealthy manufacturer of Jericho, Maryland, in long, detailed letters to his father, Nathaniel Duren Gould. In the earlier letters, he describes the trip from Boston, the roads and landscape, and presents a pencil drawing of the McBlair house and surrounding buildings. He writes of the day's routine, his teaching duties, and neighborhood news and gossip. He tells of how he listens for the mail wagon and of his disappointment with his pupils. His letters show that he did manage to keep up with events beyond Jericho, especially in the New England area. In his later letters, he professes a growing interest in medicine and botany. A much later letter informs William Jenks of his election as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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A. Vulpian letter, undated. 1 item

ALS. Writes regarding the editing of a publication on Parkinson's disease.
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Baron Joseph Lister papers, 1900-1902 and undated. 3 items

2 ALS and a fragment of an ALS. Lister writes to James Burn Russell, inquiring about the use and success of anti-plague sera against the plague in Glasgow, and to Herbert Edward Durham, on the question whether the mosquito is the carrier of the yellow fever agent, suggesting various experimental ways to discover the bacilli and establish their development within the organism of the mosquito.
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Baron Lyon Playfair papers, 1855-1861 2 items

ANS, accompanying diagrams sent, and a certificate of attendance for John Moir.
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Baron Sidney Herbert of Lea letter, Salisbury, to Mr. Reeve, 1858, Dec. 29 1 item

ALS. Writing to Reeve, Registrar to the Judiciary Committee of the Privy Council, describes the conditions of the infirmary at Winchester, complaining that inadequate ventilation produces 'hospital gangrene' in the patients.
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Benjamin Brodie papers, 1821-1862, and undated. 9 items

8 letters (ALS) and a note (ANS). Correspondence includes a letter to his brother, W.B. Brodie regarding his health, a letter of recommendation for Dr. Seth Thompson, and a letter to Daniel Ellis regarding the election to the Royal Society of the physician and physiologist Alexander Philips Wilson Philip, nominated by chemist and physicist William Hyde Wollaston and others. Other letters and notes relate to patients and treatments. A transcription of the letter to Ellis is included.
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Benjamin Drake letter, New York City, to the Surgeons of the New York Ophthalmic Dispensary, 1838, Oct. 29 1 item

ALS. Drake's resignation from appointment as surgeon and as treasurer of the Ophthalmic Dispensary. Verso of letter bears an anonymous reply, dated the same day, on behalf of the recipients, the acting executive committee of the board of trustees, stating that they must return the resignation since they are not empowered to appoint or remove officers.
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Benjamin Hornor Coates manuscript, [Philadelphia], [1832] 1 item

Holograph, signed. Obituary notice of Dr. Benjamin Ellis. Read before the Philadelphia Kappa Lambda Society, March 1, 1832. Ellis was Professor of materia medica and pharmacy at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and author of The medical formulary.
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Benjamin Rush letter, to John Bayard, 1784, June 25 1 item

A copy, in an unknown hand, of a letter from Rush to Bayard regarding sentiments expressed in an earlier letter to General John Armstrong. The letter reflects post-revolutionary state politics in Pennsylvania. In the letter, Rush censures his fellow Presbyterians, who refuse to revoke the test laws and to admit amendments to the state constitution. He also condemns the taking over by the Presbyterian dominated state government of the charter of the College of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania, and refers to the College of Carlisle, or Dickinson College, established in protest to the first action. He regrets the inflammatory remarks and publications made by members of the state's single legislative body, the Council of Censors, and by Joseph Reed and Mr. Smiley, and deplores the character of Henry Osborn and Owen Faris.
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Benjamin Ward Richardson papers, 1887-1893 7 items

Autograph letters and cards, signed, to John Frederick Boyes, relating to various social engagements.
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Benjamin Waterhouse papers, 1782-1841 and undated 0.5 Linear Feet — Approx. 250 Items

U.S. physician; pioneer of vaccination in the U.S. Collection chiefly consists of photostatic copies of correspondence written to Waterhouse, and brings together material from various U. S. collections. Includes some original letters acquired by Duke University. The bulk of the material, correspondence and minutes of meetings of the Corporation of Harvard College, relates to vaccination and Waterhouse's removal from his Harvard professorship. Correspondents include: J. Warren, J.C. Warren, J. Jackson, J. Gorham, W. Jenks, J.R. Coxe, B. Lincoln, S. Williams, J. Sullivan, B. Silliman, J. Redman, W. Cogswell, J. Lathrop, J. Monroe, J. T. Kirkland, H. Dearborn, H.A.S. Dearborn, J. Tilton, J. Winthrop, T. Jefferson, D. Webster, J. Sparks, L. Cass, and R. Elton. Collection also includes photostatic copy of Waterhouse's 1794 journal describing a trip to Saratoga Springs. Forms part of the Trent Manuscripts Collection and was acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

Collection chiefly consists of photostatic copies of correspondence written by and to Benjamin Waterhouse, and brings together material from various U. S. collections. The copies seem to have been made in the 1940s. Includes some original letters acquired by Duke University. The bulk of the material, correspondence by and to Waterhouse, and minutes of meetings of the Corporation of Harvard College, relates to vaccination and other medical practice, and Waterhouse's removal from his Harvard professorship. Correspondents include: John Warren, J.C. Warren, James Jackson, John Gorham, William Jenks, John Redman Coxe, Benjamin Lincoln, Samuel Williams, James Sullivan, Benjamin Silliman, John Redman, William Cogswell, John Lathrop, James Monroe, J. T. Kirkland, Henry Dearborn, Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn, James Winthrop, Thomas Jefferson, Daniel Webster, Jared Sparks, Lewis Cass, and Romeo Elton. Collection also includes photostatic copy of Waterhouse's 1794 journal describing a trip to Saratoga Springs. Materials arranged chronologically.

Transcriptions of some of the original correspondence are present. Forms part of the Trent Manuscripts Collection and was acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections at Duke University.

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Benjamin W. Austin papers, 1866-1902 and undated. 11 items

Letters (ALS), clippings, prints and a photo. These items form part of the autograph and signed letter collection of Benjamin W. Austin. Items include letters from Thomas Dunn English, Sir Edward Frankland, Sarah Hackett Stevenson and Joseph Leidy. The greater part of this collection can be found in Special Collections, Perkins Library, Duke University.
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Benjamin W. Dudley papers, 1841-1870 2 items

ALS dated 28 March 1841 in which Dudley recommends Jos. H. Bledsoe to President W.H. Harrison; newspaper clipping of Dudley's obituary.
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Caleb Budlong physician's account books, 1817-1843, 1915 and undated 4 Linear Feet — 86 items

Collection comprises 8 medical account journals maintained by Budlong between 1817 and 1839. In addition to treatments provided, most often tooth extractions and bleeding, the doctor noted examinations and prescriptions for pills, oils, powders, elixirs, bitters, ointments, and asthmatics, along with cathartic sugars and throat lozenges. Fees are recorded for each entry and payments and regular audits noted. The entries were irregular in regard to date. Included in the collection is an undated typescript list of more than 100 individuals treated in volume 1, indicating that Budlong served as the primary physician for the area during its early settlement. There are indexes for volumes 2 and 8; and these, along with 76 items laid-in to the volumes, including receipts, blotting sheets, lists, calculations, and other notes have been removed to a separate folder. One item laid in is receipt unrelated to the volumes for a payment dated 1915.

Collection comprises 8 medical account journals maintained by Budlong between 1817 and 1839. In addition to treatments provided, most often tooth extractions and bleeding, the doctor noted examinations and prescriptions for pills, oils, powders, elixirs, bitters, ointments, and asthmatics, along with cathartic sugars and throat lozenges. Fees are recorded for each entry and payments and regular audits noted. The entries were irregular in regard to date. Included in the collection is an undated typescript list of more than 100 individuals treated in volume 1, indicating that Budlong served as the primary physician for the area during its early settlement. There are indexes for volumes 2 and 8; and these, along with 76 items laid-in to the volumes, including receipts, blotting sheets, lists, calculations, and other notes have been removed to a separate folder. One item laid in is receipt unrelated to the volumes for a payment dated 1915. Acquired as part of the History of Medicine Collections.

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Carl Christian Rafn papers, Copenhagen, 1841, Apr. 16 and Apr. 29 2 items

ALS. Rafn sends John R. Bartlett "an account of the ancient structure at Newport" and asks him to look into the account of sales of books and journals sent by the Societe royale des antiquaires du nord. He writes to J.V.C. Smith to acknowledge receipt of the American medical almanac for 1841, sent by Smith.
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Carl Henry Davis manuscript, [Wilmington, Delaware], undated 1 item

Typescript manuscript, "The obstetric forceps". On verso of the Medical Society of Delaware stationery. With corrections. Author's name printed below title.
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Caspar Wistar papers, 1815-1839 2 items

Papers include a receipt of payment for attendance by Wistar upon a Wm. Cohen, and an 1839 invitation card to a Wistar Party.