Collections : [David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library]

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David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library

The holdings of the Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library range from ancient papyri to records of modern advertising. There are over 10,000 manuscript collections containing more than 20 million individual manuscript items. Only a portion of these collections and items are discoverable on this site. Others may be found in the library catalog.

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Collection

12th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, Company D record books, 1861-1864 1 Linear Foot — 1 box with 2 volumes inside.

The 12th Connecticut Infantry Regiment was a Union Army regiment active between 1861 and 1865 in the American Civil War. This collection consists of two ledgers, a Clothing Book and a volume titled Morning Reports, which record daily activities, particularly attendance and absense for members of the 12th Connecticut Infantry, Company D, as well as their annual allotments of clothing and equipment.

Collection consists of two records books - a Clothing Book and a Morning Reports book - which were created and kept by Company D officers between 1861 and 1864.

The Clothing Book contains a registry of members of the company and their allocations for the year 1862 of items of clothing, like shirts, shoes, and hats, along with other notes for equipment like their mess kits. It has a record of the estimated value of each item, its date of issue, and any subsequent replacements recorded later on.

The Morning Reports ledger was kept from November 1861 through December 1864 by Captains Nathan Frankan and H. F. Chappell, and record the numbers present and absent for soldiers and officers, as well as any accompanying remarks explaining deviations from the tally sheet.

Collection
Thirty-four audio WAV files made from source digital audio tapes of interviews, primarily with participants in the Mississippi Freedom Project, from volunteers to organization leaders.

Thirty-four audio WAV files made from source digital audio tapes of interviews, primarily with participants in the Mississippi Freedom Project, from volunteers to organization leaders. The recordings were used for a Minnesota Public Radio documentary entitled "O Freedom Over Me," produced by John Biewen and Kate Cavett in 1994. In addition to interviews documenting the Project, Biewen and Cavett also talked to community leaders, educators, and activists regarding conditions for African Americans in Mississippi thirty years after Freedom Summer.

Collection

25 Under 25 photographs, 2003 5 Linear Feet — 21 Items

The Center for Documentary Studies opened in January 1990 and is an outgrowth of and replacement for the Center for Documentary Photography (1980-1990). The Center combines traditions of documentary photography and film, writing, oral history, and scholarly analysis in seeking to capture life experiences. The 25 Under 25 project showcases twenty-five of America's most promising photographers, all twenty-five years old or younger. This collection contains 21 prints from an exhibit celebrating the project's initial publication, 25 Under 25: Up-And-Coming American Photographers, a Lyndhurst Book published by powerHouse and the Center for Documentary Studies in 2003.

The 25 Under 25 Photographs collection includes 21 images from an exhibit produced by the Center for Documentary Studies in 2003. The images are all taken from volume 1 of 25 Under 25: Up-and-Coming American Photographers, a 2003 Lyndhurst book published by the Center for Documentary Studies and powerHouse Books.

The exhibit prints are only a small portion of the photographs published in the book. 21 of the 25 photographers are represented in the collection, most with one print. The photographers and the titles of their projects are listed below in the collection's Description. Dates of photographs are unknown. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts (Duke University).

Collection
The 28th Maine Infantry Regiment was mustered in October 1862 in Augusta, Maine, and served until August 1863 in the Union Army during the American Civil War. This collection contains four volumes of regimental descriptive and order books documenting the company's activities and enlisted men.

Collection consists of four regimental descriptive and orders books with names and descriptions of the 28th Maine's enlisted men and officers, as well as an order book with copies of orders issued and received by the commanders of the unit from 1862 to 1863. It records the regiment's travels from Maine through New York, Washington, and the Gulf coast region, including New Orleans and Pensacola. Inventory lists notes which soldiers died of disease or were killed in action at Donaldsonville, Louisiana. The orders book includes records of court martials, troop transfers, and rules and regulations.

Collection

A. A. Parker papers, 1909-1917 0.1 Linear Feet — 12 items

A. A. (Alfred A.) Parker was a Black stock sales agent for the National Negro Life Insurance Company, a Tuskegee-based firm founded by president Ernest T. Attwell and vice president Booker T. Washington, Jr., in 1916. Collection comprises nine letters to A. A. Parker, plus three blank subscription forms with receipts for insurance stock.

Collection comprises nine letters to A. A. Parker, plus three blank subscription forms with receipts for insurance stock. There are two typed letters on company stationary from Ernest Attwell, one informing Parker that Attwell has made application to the state's insurance department regarding Parker's "certificate to solicit stock subscriptions." (1916 July tenth) In the second letter, Attwell instructs Parker to collect money from two named individuals for their stock. There is an additional letter regarding the purpose of the company, but written on letterhead for the National Fiscal Company, a related company also based at Tuskegee. A final letter is unrelated to the life insurance company; it concerns the mortgage for a store property on Minter Avenue in Selma.

In addition to the correspondence regarding the company, there are five handwritten letters to Parker from his wife, most written while he was in Akron, Ohio, between 1916-1917, although one letter dates as early as 1909. She mainly writes regarding her financial struggles while he is away, "... you ought to remember that I can't pay bills & give your children something to eat with out money. A notice came the other day stating that if the taxes were not paid by the 14 of May that the property would be advertised for sale. I went up to pay it Friday and I did not have enough money." (1917 May 17) In her other letters, Fannie writes about her illnesses, the children, and her other activities, including sewing and visits to others. In her final letter, she rejects Parker's conflicting requests for the family to join him in Ohio, and writes of her unfulfilled expectations for her marriage, and her unhappiness and loneliness resulting from Parker's life on the road, adding that he should stay away until "you can resine your self to being a real husband and real father. You know you do not love home." (1917 June 1)

Collection
Letter (ALS) to Mrs. Burr informing her that Benjamin Rush, uninformed that she is already taking hemlock for her illness, advises the same. Includes transcription.
Collection
This collection includes two scrapbooks containing newspaper clippings, letters, receipts, family photographs, and the written memories of Jewish, Lithuanian-American merchant A. Michael Barker (1886-1943) of Wilson, North Carolina. Topics represented in the scrapbooks include family life, relief efforts for Jewish victims of World War I in Europe, the Zionist movement, Nazi atrocities against Jews in Europe, and the speeches of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Barker's approximately 49 pages of memories (circa 1942-1943) detail his financial troubles, family updates, and feelings on the treatment of Jews in Germany.

This collection consists of two scrapbooks containing newspaper clippings, letters, receipts, family photographs, and the written memories of A. Michael Barker (1886-1943) of Wilson, North Carolina. Additional items not contained in the scrapbooks include family photographs, a letter, and a ketubah. The scrapbooks were named for World War I and World War II according to the approximate time of the creation of their contents and the subject matter of the newspaper clippings. Topics represented in the scrapbooks include family life, relief efforts for Jewish victims of World War I in Europe, the Zionist movement, Nazi atrocities against Jews in Europe, and the speeches of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Barker's approximately 49 pages of memories (circa 1942-1943) detail his financial troubles, family updates, and feelings on the treatment of Jews in Germany. Most of the correspondence is between Michael Barker or Anna Harris Barker and immediate and extended family members.

Barker created the scrapbooks from financial ledgers of his businesses in New Jersey and Wilson, North Carolina, and the financial entries are largely obscured by scrapbook inserts. While he created a majority of the content of the scrapbooks, some items were added after his death, presumably by another family member.

Collection

Aaron Siskind photographs of Harlem, circa 1932-1941 1.0 Linear Foot — 1 box — 28 photographic prints — 11x14 inches — Inscriptions: print versos are marked with legacy identifiers, titles, and dates assigned by former owners, and other notes. All are signed in ink by Siskind.

Aaron Siskind (1903-1991) was an American photographer and faculty member of the Chicago Institute of Design and Rhode Island School of Design. Collection consists of 28 black-and-white signed 11x14 inch prints, documenting life in New York City's Harlem neighborhoods from about 1932 to 1940. The images originate from two projects by Siskind: "Harlem Document" and "The Most Crowded Block in the World." Subjects include African American men, women, and children at home and in the streets; scenes from the Apollo and New Lafayette theaters, a nightclub, and a church; and the interiors and exteriors of tenement buildings. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Collection consists of 28 black-and-white photographs by photographer Aaron Siskind, documenting life and conditions in New York City's Harlem neighborhoods from about 1932 to 1941. The images form part of two of Siskind's early documentary projects: "Harlem Document," and "The Most Crowded Block in the World." Subjects include African American men, women, and children in their kitchens, bedrooms, living rooms, and outside on the streets of Harlem; there are also scenes from the Apollo and New Lafayette theaters, and scenes from a nightclub and a church; many images feature the interiors and exteriors of tenement buildings.

The gelatin silver prints in this collection are all signed by Siskind. They measure 11x14 inches, with the image dimensions ranging from 9 1/8 x 8 3/4 to 11 3/4 x 9 7/5 inches. These particular prints were created by Siskind from original negatives sometime before his death in 1991, possibly in the early 1980s. Some images have multiple copies in the collection.

Collection
The papers of the Abbot family consist mainly of correspondence, but also include financial and legal papers, diaries, a letter-book, clippings, printed material, speeches and photographs (including cartes-de-visite, and some cyanotypes and tintypes). The materials date from 1733 to 1999, the bulk ranging from 1860-1910. A significant portion of the correspondence comprises of personal letters exchanged during the Civil War between William Richardson Abbot, headmaster of Bellevue High School, and his wife, Lucy Minor Abbot. Abbot's letters mention battles and political events of the Civil War, including his experience as an officer in the First Regiment of the Engineers Troops (Army of Virginia). Other correspondence includes exchanges between W.R. Abbot and his immediate family, both during and after the Civil War, as well as numerous letters to Abbot from parents of boys attending Bellevue High School. The collection also includes materials from the lives of the children and grandchildren of William and Lucy Abbot. Letters from the Abbot children consist of personal exchanges, accounts of travel in turn-of-the-century Europe, as well as experiences in the German university system. Also included is a brief memoir by Ann Minor, Lucy's sister, documenting childhood experiences in Virginia during the Civil War. There are also papers belonging to the Minors of Charlottesville (Va.), such as correspondence of Charles and John Minor.

While the bulk of the collection is made up of correspondence, the papers also include Abbot's addresses to schools and the Virginia Educational Society; printed bulletins detailing courses of study and formal statements of the teaching philosophy at Bellevue; and an official letter-book, receipts, financial and legal documents relating to the purchase, expansion and daily administration of the school. Other materials relating to the children of the William and Lucy Abbot include educational addresses by their son, Charles Minor Abbot, who administered Bellevue until it closed (1901-1909), as well as biographical material on Virginia Henderson's authoritative influence on professional nursing.

The Abbot Family papers provide the researcher with numerous vantage points onto public, professional and private life in nineteenth-century Virginia, most particularly through personalized accounts of men and women of the time. While the papers follow the families' colonial past from the early eighteenth century into the mid-twentieth century, the collection is noteworthy for its emphasis on military and private life in the Confederacy and in the Reconstruction South. The collection illuminates the experience of the Civil War through numerous windows onto the private lives of individuals; the professionalization of secondary education during the Reconstruction; the social and epistolary conventions of nineteenth century courtship; and the construction of an inter-generational identity, based on extended familial affections and ties to the institutions of Bellevue and the University of Virginia.

Collection

Abel Beach Nichols papers, 1835-1850 0.1 Linear Feet — 3 Items

Abel Beach Nichols (1796/7-1868) was a merchant, farmer, slave owner and dealer from Bedford County, Virginia. The collection includes a small account book A. B. (Abel Beach) Nichols used to record financial transactions that occurred in Alabama from 1835 to 1836. Nine pages contain handwriting and several pages near the front and back of the book have been removed. Of particular interest are two pages with the heading, A list of the sales of negroes in the State of Alabama in 1835 & 1836, followed by a tabular listing of the number of slaves, their names, from whom purchased, cost, date, to whom sold, time, and amount. In all, Nichols bought and sold 42 slaves for a profit of $21,430.58. Headings such as A list of bonds bought in Alabama ... and Bond on ... in Alabama for articles sold are found on subsequent pages. Also included in the collection are two letters addressed to A. B. Nichols. The 1846 letter, from Pollard Hopkins & Co., describes efforts regarding the sell or hire of Nichols' slave, Henry, and the writer's intention to buy Henry a horse and dray, thereby giving him the means to eventually buy his freedom. The 1850 letter, from Henry, respectfully explains arrangements for acquiring the title to himself.

The collection includes a small account book that A. B. (Abel Beach) Nichols used to record financial transactions that occurred in Alabama from 1835 to 1836. Nine pages contain handwriting and several pages near the front and back of the book have been removed. Of particular interest are two pages with the heading, "A list of the sales of negroes in the State of Alabama in 1835 & 1836," followed by a tabular listing of the number of slaves, their names, from whom purchased, cost, date, to whom sold, time, and amount. In all, Nichols bought and sold 42 slaves for a profit of $21,430.58. Headings such as "A list of bonds bought in Alabama ..." and "Bond on ... in Alabama for articles sold" are found on subsequent pages. Also included in the collection are two letters addressed to A. B. Nichols. The 1846 letter, from Pollard Hopkins & Co., describes efforts regarding the sell or hire of Nichols' slave, Henry, and the "writer's" intention to buy Henry a horse and dray, thereby giving him the means to eventually buy his freedom. The 1850 letter, from Henry, respectfully explains arrangements for acquiring the title to himself.

Collection
Abercrombie and Fitch was founded in 1892 as a sporting goods supplier and expedition outfitter. It currently specializes in upscale sportswear aimed at children and young adults. The Abercrombie & Fitch Quarterly Catalog Collection consists of a run of lifestyle-oriented clothing catalogs issued between 1997 and 2007. The catalog featured articles on a wide range of youth popular culture and lifestyle topics, along with numerous photographs by Bruce Weber. Articles included advice, music and movie reviews, and profiles and interviews with celebrities and cultural critics such as philosopher Slavoj Žižek. The Creative Director for the catalog series was Sam Shahid, who had previously worked in the in-house advertising agencies for Calvin Klein and Banana Republic. After 2003, the lifestyle content and controversial photography was scaled back to focus more narrowly on seasonal fashion.

The Abercrombie & Fitch Quarterly Catalog Collection consists of a run of lifestyle-oriented clothing catalogs issued between 1997 and 2007. The catalog featured articles on a wide range of youth popular culture and lifestyle topics, along with numerous photographs by Bruce Weber. Articles included advice, music and movie reviews, and profiles and interviews with celebrities and cultural critics such as philosopher Slavoj Žižek. The Creative Director for the catalog series was Sam Shahid, who had previously worked in the in-house advertising agencies for Calvin Klein and Banana Republic. After 2003, the lifestyle content and controversial photography was scaled back to focus more narrowly on seasonal fashion.

The collection is arranged chronologically by issue

Collection
6 letters (ALS) to Mrs. Black concerning Mr. and Mrs. Hall, who died in the yellow fever epidemic of 1797, and their orphaned infant daughter. Mr. Hall was treated by Dr. Benjamin Rush and Dr. John Redman Coxe. The infant was later inoculated for small pox by Dr. Rush. Includes transcriptions.
Collection
Abigail Buttons was the daughter of Desire Clark. Collection comprises a letter from Abigail Buttens, Wilmington, to her mother, Desire Clark, Chester, dated 1781 April 28. She announces the death of her oldest daughter from a fever.

Collection comprises a letter from Abigail Buttens, Wilmington, to her mother, Desire Clark, Chester, dated 1781 April 28. She announces the death of her oldest daughter from a fever and asks for "... prayers for me that God would inable me to behave my self in Christian manner in whatsoever he calls me to meet with." She requests a visit from her mother and her brother, John.

Collection
Network of independent abortion providers, allies, and individuals; founded through the merge of the National Coalition of Abortion Providers and the Abortion Conversation Project. Collection includes founding documents, newsletters, and promotional and printed materials from the Abortion Care Network. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

Collection includes founding documents, newsletters, and promotional materials from the Abortion Care Network, with items dating from 2007 to 2010 and undated. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

Collection

Abortion Conversation Project records, 2000-2008 2.2 Linear Feet — 1600 Items

The Abortion Conversation Project was founded in 2000 to create strategies to challenge the stigma surrounding abortion. ACP was originally conceived as the 501(c)(3) sister to the National Coalition for Abortion Providers, a lobbying and trade organization for independent abortion providers. In July 2008, both organizations joined forces to form the Abortion Care Network. General administrative, financial, programmatic, and educational records; correspondence; founding documents; records of the board of directors; and files from Peg Johnston, co-founder of the Abortion Conversation Project. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

Collection includes general administrative, financial, programmatic, and educational records; correspondence; founding documents; records of the board of directors; and files from Peg Johnston, co-founder of the Abortion Conversation Project. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

Collection
Seven mounted photographs and five pamphlets from the Abortion Rights Association of New York, later known as the Abortion Rights Association, Inc., dating between 1972 and 1974. Pamphlets explain abortion procedures, clinic and physician guidelines, and women's rights to abortion, largely designed to address and implement the Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade. Photographs (which contain captions) include black-and-white images of tools used in self-induced abortions; coroner's office photographs of deceased women following self-induced abortions; morgue photographs of infanticide victims; and images of fetuses in utero.

Collection consists of a set of seven mounted photographs, apparently intended for exhibition, and a set of five pro-choice pamphlets created by the Abortion Rights Association of New York (later known as Abortion Rights Association, Inc.). The photographs include coroner's office photographs of deceased women following self-inflicted abortions; morgue photographs of infanticides; equipment and tools used in self-inflicted abortions; and fetuses in utero, one with deformed brain. Author of the included captions is unknown. The pamphlets, written to assist New York physicians and practioners implementing the Supreme Court Roe v. Wade ruling, address women's rights to clinical abortions, abortion laws, counseling and guidance on policies, and references to New York abortion clinics and practitioners.

Collection

Abraham Hanson papers, 1840-1866 and undated 0.2 Linear Feet — 57 items

Abraham Hanson was an English-born American pastor and diplomat. Collection comprises 37 letters, dated 1850-1866, Abraham Hanson wrote to his wife, Lydia, and one he wrote to his father from Monrovia, Liberia, among other places. Topics include abolition, diplomatic duties, commercial affairs, emigration, shipboard travel, the condition of Liberians and his aspirations for them, health concerns, and personal matters. There are also 15 incoming letters written to Hanson and his wife, dated 1846-1866, reporting on Hanson's welfare and conditions in Liberia and Africa, along with personal travel and religious matters. Includes several condolences written to Lydia following Hanson's dearth. In addition, there is funeral sermon Hanson preached on 1848 December 10 in Wisconsin, a copy of the New York City Colonization Society's circular dated 1840 May 3, and a copy of an 1852 Liberian court decision regarding payment of tuition and provision of clothing for Robert Savage. There is also a sermon dated 1863 Dec 10, entitled "Zion's Compliance and God's Answer, Isaiah 49-16-15." Two of the letters in the collection are incomplete. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

Collection comprises 37 letters, dated 1850-1866, Abraham Hanson wrote to his wife, Lydia, and one he wrote to his father from Monrovia, Liberia, among other places. Topics include abolition, diplomatic duties, commercial affairs, emigration, shipboard travel, the condition of Liberians and his aspirations for them, health concerns, and personal matters. There are also 15 incoming letters written to Hanson and his wife, dated 1846-1866, reporting on Hanson's welfare and conditions in Liberia and Africa, along with personal travel and religious matters. Includes several condolences written to Lydia following Hanson's dearth. In addition, there is funeral sermon Hanson preached on 1848 December 10 in Wisconsin, a copy of the New York City Colonization Society's circular dated 1840 May 3, and a copy of an 1852 Liberian court decision regarding payment of tuition and provision of clothing for Robert Savage. There is also a sermon dated 1863 Dec 10, entitled "Zion's Compliance and God's Answer, Isaiah 49-16-15." Two of the letters in the collection are incomplete. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

Collection
אברהם יהושע השל היה מלומד והוגה דעות בעל שם בינלאומי, תיאולוג ופעיל חברתי ופוליטי. השל נולד בוורשה, פולין, נצר למשפחת רבנים חסידיים מיוחסת ולמד פילוסופיה בברלין. הוא גורש מפרנקפורט והגיע לוורשה ומשם עקר ללונדון ערב הפלישה הגרמנית לפולין. לאחר שהות קצרה בלונדון היגר השל לארצות הברית. בתחילה לימד בבית המדרש לרבנים של התנועה הרפורמית בסינסנטי, ולאחר מכן עבר לסמינר היהודי התיאולוגי בניו יורק שם שימש כפרופסור לאתיקה ולקבלה עד מותו בשנת 1972. בנוסף להשתתפותו הפעילה בנושאים של צדק חברתי ובדיאלוג הבין-דתי, היה השל גם מלומד ומורה רוחני ותרם תרומה חשובה למדעי היהדות. כהוגה דעות של הדת היתה מטרתו של השל להגביר ולהעמיק את התובנות הרוחניות של היהדות ובמהלך חייו השפיע על דורות של יהודים ולא- יהודים. הארכיון האישי של אברהם יהושע השל מקיף את השנים 1880-1998 ומתעד את חייו האישיים, האקדמיים והציבוריים. הארכיון כולל תכתובות, כתבים של השל ועליו, כתבי יד מודפסים, קטעי עיתונות, כתבים שיצאו לאור ומעט תמונות וחפצי קודש. האוסף מספק תובנות לזהותו של השל כמנהיג רוחני ומסביר כיצד היה מעמדו זה קשור בקשר עמוק לחייו האישיים והמקצועיים. האוסף מחולק לפי הנושאים הבאים: חומר מוקלט, התכתבויות, חומר אישי ומשפחתי, פעילות ציבורית, חומר מוגבל וכתבים. Abraham Joshua Heschel was an internationally known scholar, author, activist, and theologian. He was born in Warsaw, Poland into a distinguished family of Hasidic rebbes, and studied philosophy in Berlin, Germany. In 1938 he was deported from Frankfurt to Warsaw where he escaped to London just before the Nazi invasion. After a brief time in London he immigrated to the United States, first teaching at the Hebrew Union College and then at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America where he taught as Professor of Ethics and Mysticism until his death in 1972. In addition to his active participation in social justice issues and his interfaith work, Heschel was also a scholar and religious thinker who made significant contributions to Jewish studies. As a philosopher of religion, his goal was to make the spiritual insights of Judaism understandable and over the course of his lifetime influenced generations of Jews and non-Jews. The Abraham Joshua Heschel Papers span the years 1880 to 1998 and document Abraham Joshua Heschel's personal, academic, and public life. Items in this collection include correspondence, writings by and about Heschel, typescripts, clippings, printed material, and a small amount of photographs and artifacts. The materials in the collection provide insight to Heschel's identity as a spiritual leader and how this role was inextricably connected to his personal and professional life. The collection is organized into the following series: Audio, Correspondence, Personal and Family Materials, Public Activity, Restricted, and Writings.

The Abraham Joshua Heschel Papers span the years 1880 to 1998 and document Abraham Joshua Heschel's personal, academic, and public life, including his long-term involvement and leadership in social activism and other public activities, his reputation as a compelling and sought-after public speaker, and his far-reaching influence as a scholar and religious thinker. Items in this collection include correspondence, writings by and about Heschel, typescripts, clippings, printed material, and a small amount of photographs and artifacts. The materials in the collection provide insight to Heschel's identity as a spiritual leader and how this role was inextricably connected to his personal and professional life.

The collection is organized into the following series: Audio, Correspondence, Personal and Family Materials, Public Activity, Restricted, and Writings. Heschel maintained a meaningful, yet complex filing system. To balance preserving the original order with making the collection as accessible to researchers as possible, several key elements have been added to the collection guide:

•Scope note at the folder level. In many cases folder titles in the collection were reused, abbreviated, in Hebrew, or did not exist. Short descriptions of folder contents have been included not only to provide context for the materials, but also to make distinctions between the varying titles.

•Supplied/enhanced folder titles. In the case of missing or abbreviated titles, supplied titles (in brackets) were created. For folder titles written in Hebrew, the original folder title was documented along with its transliteration and English translation.

•Language extent. There are varying degrees in the amount of language materials in each folder and oftentimes multiple languages are represented in a single folder. To assist researchers, each folder description includes a note identifying the language(s) and their extent in the folder, with the dominant language listed first. The absence of a note indicates that all materials in the folder are in English. The following language categories are used: "A few" indicates that 1-25% of the materials are in another language(s); "Some" 26-65%; "Most" 66-99%; and "All" 100%.

Additionally there was a large of amount of clippings included in the Heschel collection which were generally in fragile condition. Where possible, these clippings were photocopied for preservation purposes and the originals discarded.

Collection
Novelist and poet, editor of the modernist journal REVISTA AZUL. Born to a Jewish family in 1865 in Willemstad, Curacao, emigrated to Colombia in 1887, died in 1927 in Barranquilla, Colombia. Collection features letters to López Penha from a wide variety of Latin American and European literary and intellectual figures, many of them Jewish. Correspondents include Venezuelan journalist Nicanor Bolet Peraza; Peruvian novelists Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera and Clorinda Matto de Turner; Cuban authors Aurelia Castillo de Gonzáles and Enrique Hernandez Miyares; English novelist H. Rider Haggard; Mexican poet Amado Nervo; European Jewish activists Max Simon Nordau, Angel Pulido, and Israel Zangwill; Spanish authors Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Emilia Pardo Bazán, and Miguel de Unamuno; and many others. The majority of the letters are written in Spanish, a few are in English.

Collection features letters to López Penha from a wide variety of Latin American and European literary and intellectual figures, many of them Jewish. Correspondents include Venezuelan journalist Nicanor Bolet Peraza; Peruvian novelists Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera and Clorinda Matto de Turner; Cuban authors Aurelia Castillo de Gonzáles and Enrique Hernandez Miyares; English novelist H. Rider Haggard; Mexican poet Amado Nervo; European Jewish activists Max Simon Nordau, Angel Pulido, and Israel Zangwill; Spanish authors Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Emilia Pardo Bazán, and Miguel de Unamuno; and many others. The majority of the letters are written in Spanish, a few are in English.