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Case files are arranged in alphabetical order by defendant's last name: Robert Bacon Jr., David Junior Brown, Frederick Camacho, Willie Ervin Fisher, Harvey Lee Green Jr., Zane Hill, David Earl Huffstetler, Joseph Timothy Keel (the largest case file at 26 boxes), Gary Wayne Long, James Lewis Martin Jr., Elton Ozell McLaughlin, and Phillip Thomas Robbins Jr.. They typically include some combination of transcripts, affidavits, attorney notes, investigative files, clemency requests, audiovisual materials, petitions, pleadings, testimony (including medical, legal, and eyewitness), correspondence, motions, photographs, Resource Center files, and some electronic records. Each individual's case history is described at beginning of the corresponding file grouping. The majority of the case files consist of 5-9 boxes of materials. The smallest case files at two boxes each are for Camacho and Robbins; the largest are those of Keel and McLaughlin, at 26 and 20 boxes respectively. Folder titles below are original titles as supplied by CDPL staff, and the original order of the files within each case group has been retained. The contents of electronic files have been migrated to a library server; please contact Research Services to use this material.

[Original recordings are closed to research. Use copies must be made before contents can be accessed.]

Legal Terms and Definitions
  1. Affidavit: any written document in which the signer swears under oath before a notary public or someone authorized to take oaths (like a County Clerk), that the statements in the document are true.
  2. Appellant: the party who appeals a trial court decision he/she/it has lost.
  3. Appellee: in some jurisdictions the name used for the party who has won at the trial court level, but the loser (appellant) has appealed the decision to a higher court. Thus the appellee has to file a response to the legal brief filed by the appellant. In many jurisdictions the appellee is called the "respondent."
  4. Certiorari: a writ (order) of a higher court to a lower court to send all the documents in a case to it so the higher court can review the lower court's decision. Certiorari is most commonly used by the U.S. Supreme Court, which is selective about which cases it will hear on appeal.
  5. En banc: signifies a decision by the full court of all the appeals judges in jurisdictions where there is more than one three- or four-judge panel. The larger number sit in judgment when the court feels there is a particularly significant issue at stake or when requested by one or both parties to the case and agreed to by the court.
  6. Habeas corpus: writ (court order) which directs the law enforcement officials (prison administrators, police or sheriff) who have custody of a prisoner to appear in court with the prisoner to help the judge determine whether the prisoner is lawfully in prison or jail.
  7. In forma pauperis: referring to a party to a lawsuit who gets filing fees waived by filing a declaration of lack of funds (has no money to pay).
  8. Mandamus: a writ (more modernly called a "writ of mandate") which orders a public agency or governmental body to perform an act required by law when it has neglected or refused to do so.
  9. Motion of appropriate relief: relief is a generic term for all types of benefits which an order or judgment of court can give a party to a lawsuit, including money award, injunction, return of property, property title, alimony and dozens of other possibilities.
  10. Motion of summary judgment: a written request for a judgment in the moving party's favor before a lawsuit goes to trial and based on testimony recorded outside court, affidavits (declarations under penalty of perjury), depositions, admissions of fact and/or answers to written interrogatories, claiming that all factual and legal issues can be decided in the moving party's favor.
  11. Subpoena: a court order requiring a witness to bring documents in the possession or under the control of the witness to a certain place at a certain time. This subpena must be served personally on the person subpenaed. It is a common way to obtain potentially useful evidence, such as documents and business records, in the possession of a third party.

(Definitions taken from website.)


Contains the work of five photographers whose images explore the unique environment, context, and people associated with five small family farms in Arizona, California, Iowa, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. Arranged by state, each body of work consists of one set of five 13x16" color digital prints printed on Epson Professional paper, and another set of prints in various sizes, for a total of 50 prints. Captions supplied by photographers; descriptive narratives supplied by Center for Documentary Studies exhibit staff.


These digital sound files form part of the Five Farms documentary project and total over 100 hours of recordings. They capture the thoughts, experiences, and narratives of the five families, as well as the ambient sounds and environments of their farms and other locations such as a farmer's market. Other sound files include theme music composed by Wesley Horner, and closing credits for the 2009 Public Media radio broadcast.

Please contact the Rubenstein Library before coming to use these materials.


Almost half of the collection, Correspondence comprises both business and personal letters. Most of the content consists of Chaloner’s communications with various attorneys in New York, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia that address his multiple legal battles. The letters discuss his efforts to regain possession of his estate, verdicts from psychologists concerning his mental condition, the circulation of his sonnets on European politics prior to 1914, and congratulations on his receiving a favorable verdict from the U. S. Supreme Court regarding his sanity. Also includes content on the fostering of motion pictures for rural areas. The series contains one nineteenth-century typed transcript of a letter from 1782 regarding the Revolutionary War in Virginia.

Correspondents include: J. W. Bickett, Philip Alexander Bruce, Richard Evelyn Byrd, J. H. Choate, Dr. John Staige Davis, Richard, Donaho, W. A. Dunn, Walter Duranty, John W. Fishburne, Armistead C. Gordon, James Lindsay Gordon, M. M. Habbiston, Charles Hartnett, Thomas N. Hill, Herbert W. Jackson, Joseph Jastrow, Claude Kitchin, J. P. Morris, Lee Slate Overman, W.L. Phelps, William D. Reed, John D. Rhodes, J. M. Stoddard, Morris Streusand, F. H. Treacy, Frederick A. Ware, J. E. White, Micajah Woods, the governors of South Carolina and Georgia, and with the Washington Post.

Locations for much of the correspondence remain on the eastern coast of the United States: New York, New York; White Plains, NY; Concord, North Carolina; Halifax County, NC; Raleigh, NC; the Western State Hospital in Roanoke Rapids, NC; Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane in Philadelphia, PA; Albemarle County, Virginia; Lynchburg, VA; and Staunton, VA.


Legal Papers consists of legal briefs, appeals, court transcripts, depositions, memos, and notes from Chaloner’s various legal petitions and trails. Included are the cases Thomas T. Sherman v. John Armstrong Chaloner, Chaloner v. Sherman, Chaloner v. New York Evening Post, Chaloner v. United Industrial Company, and Heil J. Evans v. Omer B. Johnson et. al., Ferguson v. Crawford, Chaloner v. Society of the New York Hospital, Miller v. Chaloner, and William Dike Reed v. Chaloner.

Documents within the series come from multiple courts and legal appeals, such as the Southern District Court of New York, the New York Supreme Court, Virginia Western District Court, West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit), and the U. S. Supreme Court.


Printed Materials includes an assortment of magazine articles, advertisements, invitations, flyers, invitations, and newspaper clippings. The newspaper clippings are largely confined to the career of Chaloner’s divorced wife, the novelist Amélie Rives, as well as comments caused by the popular phrase Chaloner coined, “Who’s looney now?.”


Personal Materials includes an assortment of postcards, photographs, and financial documents. Postcards and photographs include snapshots, formal portraits, and buildings in Roanoke Rapids, NC. Financial documents include bills, receipts, cancelled checks, and ledger sheets. The ledger sheets include the finances for the Merry Mills, Chaloner’s estate in Albemarle, VA.