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Contains audiovisual materials organized by client and product alphabetically. Item descriptions reflect information included on or with the materials and is recorded here as it appeared on the originals. A running number has been added to the individual items to aid in the identification of materials for the creation of use copies.


The Audiovisual Materials series contains both commercially and locally produced recordings, including demo tapes, promotional releases, full releases, concert recordings, master recordings, compilations, interviews, and portions of music festivals. Recordings may have been produced by Ladyslipper, reserved for use in their reading room, or sold in their retail store.


Chiefly published in the U.S.. Communist and non-communist radical groups are represented. Most of the pamphlets are concerned with Nazi Germany, with fascism in Europe at large, and the threat of fascism in the U.S.


Pamphlets sponsored by various other organizations such as International Labor Defense, the International Workers of the World, and the "Wobblies" (Industrial Workers of the World), written by various authors or published anonymously. Published chiefly during the 1930s.


Countries chiefly represented are Great Britain and India, but also include Canada, Australia, and various Central Eastern European countries sending delegates to a conference in Paris. Subjects are varied, and include labor issues, women's issues, Russia, the nationalization of India, and World War II. One pamphlet contains the Canadian Socialist Party's Manifesto


Family correspondence consists largely of letters to and from family members. For the pre-Senatorial period, there are Items from Bailey's friends and some personal correspondence of Edith Pou Bailey. Although some of these letters are of merely passing interest, others are quite detailed on subjects of research interest. A small folder of personal printed material (programs and other memorabilia) has been placed at the end of this main correspondence section.

Alphabetical correspondence includes letters to and from several individuals with whom Bailey corresponded frequently. There may also be isolated letters from these individuals in other parts of the collection. Arranged chronologically by day within each section.

Correspondence related to The Baptist Church and Its Institutions In North Carolina includes letters to and from ministers and church officials as well as representatives of church-affiliated institutions such as Wake Forest University, Mars Hill College, and Chowan College. Also contains material on the organization and operation or the Biblical Recorder and correspondence of its editors Livingston Johnson, J. S. Farmer, J. C. Slemp, and L. L. Carpenter. Other correspondents include the following: J. W. Lynch; William B. Royall; R. L. Moore; William Louis Poteat; Frances P. Gaines; J. A. Campbell; Joseph Bascomb Huff; Preston S. Vann; Louis D. Newton, editor of the Christian Index (Atlanta, Ga.); Robert H. Pitt, editor Herald (Richmond, Va.); and Archibald Johnson, editor of Charity and Children. Of particular interest is the exchange of letters between Bailey and John E. White, a Baptist educator and preacher in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.


Manuscript notes, drafts and corrections, typescripts, and some printed copies of writings, addresses, and statements.

The first part of this group consists of religious writings, most of which are undated (5 folders). Some topics include:

  • Does the Christian Religion Stand the Test (1920)
  • The Inadequacy of Modern Christianity to the Modern World
  • Jesus' View of Wealth (1922)
  • Ideals of the Christian College (1923)
  • Historical Testimonies to the Baptist Contribution of Religious Liberty (1928)
  • After Twenty-five Years (1932; on the Biblical Recorder)
  • The Common Sense of Jesus of Nazareth (1934)
  • The Basis of Representation in Baptist Conventions
  • Jesus - An Appeal to Reason
  • Victories of the Bible
  • The Divine Method of Culture

The remaining writings and addresses are on miscellaneous subjects and include sketches of prominent individuals, commencement addresses and other occasional speeches, addresses, and notes on political philosophy and American history in general. In most cases, especially for writings prepared after 1930, Items on specific subject are found in the appropriate subject category in the Senatorial or Pre-Senatorial Series.

Miscellaneous writings include the following:


  • School essays; address for the class of 1893,Wake Forest College


  • Sketch of Archibald Murphy;
  • Decision Day Address, University of North Carolina
  • The Heritage of the Great War
  • Our Task of Happiness
  • Notes for speeches during World War I


  • Thoughts on the Financial Depression (1921)
  • Times that Try Men's Souls
  • Economic Conditions in Rural N. C.
  • Condition of the Farmers in N. C.
  • Sketch of Wesley Norwood Jones
  • Sketch of Dr. William B. Royall
  • A Case for the Cardinal
  • On the Constitution
  • Henry Groves Connor --Address upon portrait presentation
  • Law Enforcement


  • Our Duty to Preserve the Character of Our Republic (before the Southern Society of New York City)
  • Spiritual Values
  • The Spirit of the American Revolution
  • The Present Outlook (1932)
  • Mercer University Centennial Address
  • What is the Matter with N. C.?
  • Letters of a Coat-Tail Congressman, Selected By his Private Secretary (satire by Bailey later submitted to the Saturday Evening Post)
  • Novom Orderum Seculares (to New England Society of Charleston)
  • North Carolina Signers of the Federal Constitution
  • Sketch of Judge William Gaston
  • The Major Decisions of President Roosevelt
  • Advertising North Carolina
  • Dominant Ideas of the Constitution (to the Economic Club, Worcester, Mass.)
  • The National Gold-Fish Bowl by B. Pshaw (satire about Justice Hugo L. Black)
  • The South as a National Problem
  • Sketch of W. W. Vass
  • The Democratic Process (commencement address, Colby College)
  • The President Draws the Line (race question and immigration)
  • The Status of the U. S. At the Present Time (1939)


  • The intervention issue
  • The Price of Peace
  • Our Republic--It Must be Preserved
  • Robert E. Lee
  • Bricks Without Straw: Fabian Socialism in the United States
  • The South at the Crossroads
  • The Second American Revolution (submitted to the Saturday Evening Post)
  • What is the American Way of Life

Notes and fragments, poetry by Bailey, writings by members of the Bailey family, and some writings by other individuals complete the Writings and Addresses section.


Chamorro Documentary Project, 1989-1990 2.5 Linear Feet — 5 boxes — Approximately 1572 items

In 1990, Frank Espada was asked by his friend and colleague from Chicago, Samuel Betances, to photograph the indigenous Chamorro people of Guam, Saipan, Titian and Rota in the Mariana Islands. Modeled after Espada's Puerto Rican Diaspora project, the aim of this project was to chronicle the Chamorro culture as well as the social challenges faced by this group, whose diaspora includes Hawaii and California. Some of the photographs in this series were taken at a Chamorro festival in California, but most were taken on Guam, the island with the largest concentration of Chamorro people. One series of about 290 work prints documents the funeral procession and expressions of protest after the suicide of former Guam governor Ricardo Bordallo in February 1990. Specific projects, programs, and protests are described in the photograph or folder titles. Most titles are retained from the originals.


Civil Rights and Community Activism, 1960s-1997 3.5 Linear Feet — 6.5 boxes — Approximately 724 items

Images document Espada's long and passionate involvement in early civil rights movements pursuing equal rights in voting, education, access to food, medical facilities, housing, and neighborhood development. He began by photographing voter registration drives in the early 1960s, desegregation protests and rallies, political campaigns by progressive candidates, and blighted, impoverished neighborhoods. Later, he also documented anti-poverty and housing rights actions in California, especially in San Francisco. Specific projects, programs, and protests are described in the photograph or folder titles. Materials are arranged roughly in order by decade. Most titles are retained from the originals.


HIV/AIDS Projects, 1981-1992 2.5 Linear Feet — 4 boxes — Approximately 665 items

The HIV/AIDS and closely related street drug crisis compelled Frank Espada, living in California at the time, to document through photography the plight of affected families and individuals, and the many outreach programs supporting them. These include Y.E.S. (Youth Environment Studies), Sunburst, and other prevention and educational programs. Specific locations and subjects are described in the photograph or folder titles. Most titles are retained from the originals.