The JWT Account Files is an artificially-created collection of information about client accounts held by the JWT and provides information about JWT's management of its advertising campaigns. Additionally, the files document deliberations about such topics as media selection; markets and marketing; and target audience for individual advertising campaigns. The bulk of the materials, especially the older records, document clients managed by JWT's New York Office, but the work of other offices is also represented, including: Atlanta Office (Marine Corps); Chicago Office (Oscar Mayer, Kraft); Detroit Office (Ford); and San Francisco Office (Sprint). The collection includes account histories; research reports; memoranda; correspondence; printed material; clippings; brochures and pamphlets; product labels and packaging designs; original artwork and advertising proofs; slides; photographs; audiocassettes and videocassettes. Clients represented include Eastman Kodak; Ford; Ford Dealer Association; R.T. French; General Cigar; Hamm's beer; Handy Andy; International Banana Association; IBM; Kellogg; Kraft; Quaker Oats; U.S. Marine Corps; US Sprint; Warner Lambert; White Castle; and the 1964 World's Fair. More limited materials are available for other significant JWT clients, including: Burger King; Champion Spark Plug; Domino's Pizza; Lever Brothers; Northern Telecom; Oscar Mayer; Rolex; Standard Brands; and Scott Paper.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Alun Jones papers, 1930-1984 3.75 Linear Feet — 5600 items
The Alun Jones Papers cover the years 1930-1984, with the bulk of the collection dating from the late 1970s, and contains files primarily relating to Jones's work as a financial executive and administrator at the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT). The collection consists of memoranda, correspondence, and reports covering topics including audits, agency compensation, management incentive plans and other company policies, and files related to financial matters at JWT's offices including Chicago, Detroit, New York and San Francisco, as well as JWT's international offices including Australia, Canada, and South Africa. Clients represented include Burger King, Kodak, Kraft, and Lever Brothers (Unilever).
J. Walter Thompson Company. Anthony J. Viola papers, 1968-2009 and undated 58 Linear Feet — 6000 Items
The Anthony J. Viola Papers span the years 1968-2009 and document Viola's career, especially his role as an art director at JWT's New York, Chicago, and Lisbon offices. The papers include some correspondence and other office files but the bulk of the collection consists of artwork for print advertisements and television storyboards; along with videocassettes, videotapes, DVDs and 16mm films of television commercials created by Viola. The papers cover JWT offices in Chicago; New York; Milan (Italy); Buenos Aires (Argentina); Lisbon (Portugal); and Santiago (Chile). Key clients include Bell Atlantic; the City of Boston; Citibank; Dole; Kodak; Interstate Bakeries; Johnson & Johnson; Kellogg; Kimberly Clark; Kraft Foods; Mars; Miller beer; Nestlé; Pepsi; Pfizer; Reckitt & Benckiser; Rolex; Sears; Schlitz; Unilever; and Warner Lambert. Most of the files are in English; some materials are in Spanish.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Bertram Metter papers, 1908-2000 and undated, bulk 1953-1989 8.7 Linear Feet — 3250 Items
The Bertram Metter Papers span 1908 to 2000, with the bulk of the collection dating 1953 through the late 1980s. The collection includes materials in a variety of formats, including correspondence, writings, newspaper and magazine clippings, sheet music, printed materials, photographs, and photostats, that document Metter's thirty years in advertising and marketing, with a focus on his career as a copywriter, creative director, and Vice Chairman at J. Walter Thompson USA (JWT). The collection provides a record of Metter's early work as a "direct response specialist" for the Ford Motor Company direct marketing operation, and other roles on the Ford account (Metter directed print and television promotion for Ford and played a key role in the launching of several new car models). In addition to Ford materials, the collection documents Metter's work for other major clients, including the Pepsi-Cola Company (Mexico) and Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company. While the bulk of the collection consists of advertising and marketing research, client reports and correspondence, promotional materials, and other professional files, the collection also contains materials related to Metter's later work as a consultant and author, including drafts of an unpublished book manuscript entitled "Breaking the Rules at J. Walter Thompson," a chronicle of his career at JWT.
The collection is organized into four series: Professional Files, Writings, Ford Motor Company Account Files, and Other Clients.
The Professional Files Series contains JWT office (non-client) files, memoranda, and publications; industry publications and press clippings; overviews of Metter's professional biography; and limited files on Metter's consulting work for Ross Roy Advertising. The Writings Series contains Metter's writings on the advertising industry; bulk of series is composed of an unpublished book manuscript entitled "Breaking the Rules at J. Walter Thompson," comprised primarily of chapter drafts and research. The Ford Series, the largest series in the collection, includes materials relating to the launch and promotion of new models (Escort, Maverick, Mustang, Olympic, Pinto, Thunderbird, and Torino); marketing research and strategic reports; Ford direct mail materials and newsletters; television commercial scripts and storyboards; advertisement clippings and headlines; reproduction prints of early photographs of the Model T from the Ford Archives, Henry Ford Museum; photostats promoting the Ford Erika; and photocopies of sheet music of Ford songs from the early twentieth century. The Other Clients Series includes materials relating to general marketing research; new business acquisition; and promotional campaigns for clients other than Ford, including Firestone, Liggett & Myers, and Pepsi-Cola (Mexico). Large-format materials have been removed from their original series location and relocated to Oversize Materials.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Burt Manning papers, 1956-1988 27 Linear Feet — 14,000 Items
Collection spans the years 1956-1988 and includes correspondence, reports, policy manuals, presentations, speeches and other materials that document Manning's career as Creative Director and executive at JWT offices in Chicago and New York. Companies represented include American Advertising Federation, American Association of Advertising Agencies, Association of National Advertisers, Burger King, Ford, GTE Sprint, Institute of Life Insurance, Leo Burnett, Miller, Pepsi, Quaker Oats (Aunt Jemima, Ken-L-Ration, Puss 'n Boots), Schlitz, Scott Paper, Twentieth Century Fox and the U.S. Marine Corps.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Charles J. Balestrino papers, 1986-1994 and undated 6 Linear Feet — 4200 Items
The JWT Charles J. Balestrino Papers span the years 1986-1994 and include correspondence, presentations, photographs, and videocassettes that document the later years of Balestrino's career at JWT's New York Office. Correspondents include Burt Manning, John Furr and Bill Thompson. Clients represented in the collection include Esso/Exxon, Goodyear, IBM, and Northwest Airlines.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Domestic Advertisements collection, 1875-2001 and undated, bulk 1920s-1990s 360 Linear Feet — 300,000 Items
The Domestic Advertisements Collection consists of print advertisements created by U.S. offices of the J. Walter Thompson Company (JWT). The bulk of the collection dates from the 1920s and after, but a few examples are available from as early as 1875. Print advertisements appear in a variety of formats--magazine, newspaper, color, black-and-white, proofs, tearsheets, negative transfers, clippings, along with a limited number of sketches for outdoor advertising installations. Some of the advertisements feature work from notable artists, such as Norman Rockwell, and photographers like Edward Steichen, Irving Penn, and Baron De Meyer. In addition to the actual advertisements, the files dating from the 1910s to 1950s often contain "insertion schedules" that provide the dates and names of the magazines or newspapers in which a given advertisement appeared. In general, proofs for JWT's long-time clients have been saved more systematically than those for accounts that JWT did not hold for a long time. The collection does not include advertisements which have been transferred to microfilm (see the JWT Microfilm Collection). Also, advertisements created for clients that JWT lost prior to the 1940s are less likely to have been saved, although some were microfilmed and are still available in that form. For some JWT clients there are no print advertisements at all in this collection. Among the most extensive files of print advertisements are those for the following JWT clients: Champion Spark Plug, Chesebrough-Ponds, Eastman Kodak (Instamatic, Pocket Instamatic, and Disc cameras, Kodak film), Ford Motor Company (consumer and dealer advertisements), R.T. French, Irving Trust Bank, J. Walter Thompson Company ("house advertisements"), Kraft Foods (including Kraft cheeses, Miracle Whip, Philadelphia Cream Cheese, and Velveeta), Lever Brothers (Lifebuoy, Lux, Close Up, Mrs. Butterworth), Pan American World Airways (passenger jet travel, cargo transportation), Radio Corporation of America (RCA) (RCA Victor recordings, consumer goods, National Broadcasting Company), Reader's Digest, Scott Paper, Seven-Up, Standard Brands (Chase and Sandborn, Fleischmann, Royal, Tenderleaf tea), and Warner-Lambert (primarily Listerine, including advertisements produced by the Lambert and Feasley agency).
The Collection is organized into three series--Main Files, Small Files, and Oversize Materials--that reflect both the size of the holdings for each client as well as the physical location of the advertisements. Within each series, clients are arranged alphabetically and then the advertisements are arranged chronologically. The Main File Series includes clients for which at least one box have been preserved. A separate Small Files Series is maintained for clients for which less than one box of advertisements, and often much less, has survived. The Oversize Materials Series includes many of the clients found in both the Main and Small Files Series.
Chesebrough Ponds, 1875-1968. Proofs from the 1920s to 1950s feature testimonial advertising for Pond's Cold Cream. Noted socialites endorsing the product were photographed by well known photographers, including Edward J. Steichen and Baron DeMeyer.
Eastman Kodak Company, 1930-present. Organized into two categories--Consumer and Trade advertisements--that correspond to Kodak's two major marketing areas. Consumer advertisements feature photographs by well known photographers, famous slogans and trademarks, and depict the American family over several decades in settings where the cameras are used. Introductions of new camera models are well represented, including the Instamatic in 1963, the Pocket Instamatic in 1972, the Instant camera in 1975, and the Disc camera in 1982. At different times JWT handled both film and cameras (still and/or movie) or just Kodak films. Trade advertisements include campaigns for medical and industrial films, Kodel fibers, and Eastman Chemical, as well as advertisements aimed at Kodak dealers. Additional Kodak advertising may be found in the Wayne P. Ellis Collection of Kodakiana.
Ford Motor Company, 1945-present. Key campaigns include "There's a Ford in Your Future" (1945-1948), the "Peanuts" campaign (1960-1962) and the launch of the Mustang (1964). In addition to print advertisements showing the introduction of new models, photostats of outdoor billboards in the 1940s and early 1950s are included. Truck and dealer advertising can also be found. A separate collection, the JWT Detroit Office's Ford "Collateral Literature," houses showroom brochures, and diverse sales materials in many formats.
Irving Trust, 1918-1986. Fine line drawings, often of New York City locales, appear in 1920s newspaper advertisements.
J. Walter Thompson Co., 1917-present. These "house" advertisements are an important source of information about the Company's operations and philosophy.
Kraft Foods Corporation, 1922-present. Advertisements for products including Miracle Whip, Velveeta, Philadelphia Cream Cheese, other cheeses, salad dressings, etc. and a number of lesser-known early products are present. Includes many advertisements with recipes and many trade advertisements directed at grocers.
Lever Brothers, 1900-present. The earliest advertisements are for Lifebuoy Soap. J. Walter Thompson Co. introduced Lux Flakes in 1915 and Lux Toilet Soap in 1925. The early Lux Flakes advertisements employed the talents of fine illustrators. Comic style advertising appeared in the 1930s ("Peggy Lux" and others). The Lux Toilet Soap campaigns began featuring movie and stage star testimonials in 1927. One noteworthy campaign dates from 1953-1954 when Irving Penn photographed some of Hollywood's most famous stars. The Lever Brothers advertisements for both Lux products also include photographs of car cards (subway and bus posters) from the 1920s. Other Lever products represented in the collection include Stripe and Close Up toothpastes, Mrs. Butterworth syrup, and Lever 2000 bath soap.
Massachusetts Mutual Insurance Company, 1951-1967. Although few in number, many of the advertisements contain Norman Rockwell illustrations. The original art work has been retained by the client.
Pan American World Airways, 1942-1974. Contains advertisements prepared for both U.S. and international consumers and includes the introduction of jet passenger travel. Cargo advertising also can be found.
RCA (Radio Corporation of America), 1943-1976. In addition to consumer products, advertisements for the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) programs can be found in this group.
Reader's Digest, 1945-present. Many of the advertisements since the 1960s highlight articles appearing in the current month's issue. Examples of corporate advertising for international editions of Reader's Digest are also present.
Scott Paper Co., 1927-1983. Numerous product introductions are represented.
Seven-Up, 1944-1978. Shows the changes in positioning this beverage from a family drink to "Wet 'n' Wild" to the "Un-Cola."
Standard Brands, 1925-1984. Advertisements cover a range of products, including Fleischmann's Yeast, Chase and Sanborn, Tenderleaf Tea, and Royal Pudding and Gelatin.
Warner-Lambert, 1915-1997. Advertisements consist primarily of proofs and tearsheets. There are no advertisements present for the years 1945-1947 or 1949. The vast majority of the advertisements are for Listerine Antiseptic, with other products represented beginning in the late 1960s. Listerine was manufactured by the Lambert Pharmacal Company beginning around 1915. William Warner acquired the company in 1955, merged it into his own pharmaceutical business and changed the name to the Warner-Lambert Co.
Warner-Lambert is the only client file in this collection that includes the work of an agency other than JWT. Until 1962, Listerine advertising was handled by the Lambert and Feasley agency in New York, the house agency for the Lambert Pharmacal Co. (St. Louis) up to 1955, and for its successor the Warner-Lambert Co. (Morris Plains, N.J.), from 1955-1962. When JWT obtained the Listerine account in October 1962, the back files of Listerine advertisements were transferred to JWT.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Don Johnston papers, 1964-1996 and undated 17.5 Linear Feet — 12000 Items
The Don Johnston Papers span the years 1964-1996 and document his career in various positions with JWT. The collection includes international and domestic inter-office correspondence, personal and administrative files, management manuals, presentations, speeches, budgets, billings and profit reports, and video-cassettes materials that relate to planning for JWT projects, committee meetings, marketing research, contracts with clients, management directives, and JWT's corporate mission and philosophy. The papers also touch on Joseph O'Donnell's attempted hostile takeover of the JWT Group, and the purchase of JWT by the WPP Group. Clients represented include: Ford Motor Company, Unilever, Chevron, General Foods, and Uniroyal Tire. Offices represented include: Buenos Aires, Toronto, Chicago, Santiago (Chile), Detroit, Paris, Frankfurt, Bombay (Mumbai), London, Tokyo, New York, and Johannesburg (South Africa).
The collection is organized into four series: Memoranda, Administrative Files, Personal Files, and Audiovisual Materials.
The Memoranda Series includes business correspondence to and from Johnston during his career with JWT and mainly pertains to the day to day operations throughout the worldwide operations of JWT as a transnational entity.
The Administrative Files Series includes reports, plans, inter-office correspondence, general administrative files, as well as information on fund-raising for the JWT archives at Duke University.
The Personal Files Series includes newspaper and periodical clippings, as well as personal correspondence.
The Audiovisual Materials Series consists of promotional works and interviews by Johnston during his tenure with JWT.
Related materials within the JWT Archives may be found in these collections: the Burt Manning Papers, the Thomas Sutton Papers, the Rena Bartos Papers, the Harry Clark Papers, the Joseph O'Donnell Papers, the Greg Bathon Papers and the Denis Lanigan Papers.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Eleanor Newman papers, 1974-1985 and undated 9.5 Linear Feet — 6225 Items
The Eleanor Newman Papers cover the years 1974-1985, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1979-1983, roughly the period during which Newman served as Office Manager of JWT's The Entertainment Group, and as Account Representative for the Health & Tennis Corporation (later part of Bally Total Fitness Corporation) account. The collection includes media plans, schedules, budgets, invoices, market research, proofs, tear sheets, photographs, conference call reports, memoranda and correspondence, and proposals related to the advertising campaigns of various JWT clients. Companies and products represented include Dentcare, Genesco, Circle Line Sightseeing Cruises, Jack La Lanne Spa, Vertical Club, Covergirl, Freirich Meats, Beatrice Foods, Samsonite, Cable Shop, and PIAF/Screenvision. Also included in the collection are media plans for the New York Arrows indoor soccer team; the 1981-1982 seasons of the New York City Opera; and several Broadway musicals including Mr. Lincoln, Really Rosie and Snow White.
The collection is arranged into thirteen categories: General Files; Broadway; Cruise Tours; Dentcare; Fitness; Footwear; Freirich Meats; New York City Opera; Outdoor Advertising; Samsonite; Sports; Television; and Oversize Materials. The General Files include JWT directories, market research, office memoranda and forms, and correspondence relating to Mark Schoenfeld, Media Director at JWT Entertainment Group. Broadway files include media plans relating to the musicals Mr. Lincoln, Really Rosie, Snow White, Vaudeville Show, among others. The files on sightseeing cruise tours, Freirich Meats, the New York City Opera, Cable Shop and PIAF/Screenvision include advertising proofs, tear sheets, television and radio advertising schedules, and media plans. The Footwear files include proposals, advertising copy, proofs, media plans and market research for Covergirl and Genesco's Charm Step and Easy Street lines of shoes. Samsonite, the largest category of files in the collection, includes several booklets of research findings on the 1980s luggage market, marketing proposals and recommendations, and advertising tracking studies. The Outdoor Advertising files includes photographs, market research and correspondence related to billboard, bus and bus shelter advertising of Broadway musicals in New York City. Oversize Materials consist of large-format items removed from other series and housed separately.
Many of the marketing proposals and market research findings arrived in binders labeled with a title sheet or subject headings. Items were removed from binders, and original titles were used. Several sections were removed from their respective series into a separate oversize box.
J. Walter Thompson Company. Frankfurt Office. Hans Ihlefeld papers, 1952-1980, bulk 1972-1978 13.5 Linear Feet — 12,150 Items
The Hans Ihlefeld Papers span the years 1969 to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1972 to 1978, and document Ihlefeld's tenure as financial manager and director of the Frankfurt, Vienna, and Zurich offices of JWT, where he oversaw the expansion of the agency with regard to number of clients, subsidiaries, and financial volume. The collection includes correspondence, telexes and telegrams, memoranda, tables of results, charts and graphs, client and account lists, profit plans, computer printouts, invoices and receipts, contracts, clippings, articles and other printed material. Specific topics documented in the Hans Ihlefeld papers include: financial statements and transactions concerning the German-speaking areas of Europe (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland) and Scandinavia, especially profit projections and periodic (monthly, quarterly, and annual) results reports; communication between Ihlefeld and other JWT executives and offices about JWT short- and long-term strategy; account planning; communication with JWT's European subsidiaries ARC, Basisresearch, Century, ProService, and PR; and correspondence with clients. The bulk of communications take place between the Vienna, Zurich, Stockholm, and New York offices. Notable correspondents include Peter Gilow and Harry Clark. Clients well documented in the collection include Braun, Unilever (Elida Gibbs, Lever Sunlicht), Ford, Jacobs, Kraft, and PepsiCo. Approximately 60% of the collection is in German, and the remainder is in English, except for one very small portion in French.
The collection is made up of three series: Correspondence and Memoranda; Finance; and German-Speaking Areas (GSA) Series.
The Correspondence and Memoranda Series comprises reports, summaries and written communications that passed through Ihlefeld's office. The series is organized into six subseries--General Correspondence, Clients, JWT Offices, JWT Subsidiaries, Memoranda/Haus Mitteilungen, and Trend Letter . The General Correspondence Subseries focuses primarily on the Frankfurt Office's financial negotiations and agreements with clients in the form of letters, budgets (of media and production costs), billings, and taxes. The Clients Subseries reflects the financial and planning aspects of JWT-Frankfurt's relationship with its clients. The Ford account in particular is well-documented, but files also exist for other clients including Braun, Jacobs, PepsiCo, and Unilever. The JWT Offices Subseries documents the coordination of financial operations between the Frankfurt Office and the Zurich, Stockholm, Vienna, and New York offices, and to a lesser extent with other JWT offices. Topics include short- and long-term financial planning (particularly with regard to profits and taxes), transactions between different JWT offices, tax audits, insurance matters, legal matters, and personnel matters (including visits) in the Frankfurt, Vienna, Zurich, and Stockholm offices. The JWT Subsidiaries Subseries gives information--mostly of a financial or tax-related nature--on JWT's European subsidiaries ARC, Basis, Century, ProService, and PR. The Memoranda/Haus-Mitteilungen Subseries documents the daily administration of the Frankfurt office, particularly with regard to production, financial matters, personnel, and taxes. The Trend Letter Subseries documents the acquisition and demise of Trend Letter, a financial newsletter designed for the business side of the advertising industry.
The Finance Series documents gains and losses, budgeting, taxes, the role of the comptroller, and monthly, quarterly, as well as annual results in the German Speaking Area.
The German-Speaking Area (GSA) Series documents JWT operations in the three-country area of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Topics include financial reporting and planning in the GSA and Scandinavia, as well as for several European subsidiaries.