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Collection

Mark Danner papers, 1985-2004 6 Linear Feet — 4500 Items

Mark Danner is a writer, journalist, and professor at the University of California at Berkeley. His work covers politics and foreign affairs, with a focus on war and conflict. The Mark Danner Papers date from 1970 to 2004 and focus predominately on Danner's coverage of Haiti during the period of unrest that followed President Jean-Claude ("Baby Doc") Duvalier's exile in 1986. Additional materials document Danner's interest in the Balkan Wars during the 1990's and preliminary research on the El Mozote massacre in El Salvador. These materials include research notes, travel information, newspaper clippings, and VHS tapes.

The Mark Danner Papers document Danner's career as a prominent writer and journalist. Materials in the collection date from 1970 to 2004, and primarily document Danner's work on Haiti during the years following Jean-Claude Duvalier's exile in 1986 and the rise of Jean-Bertrand Aristide in the 1990's. The notes, correspondence, travel information, and newspaper clippings constitute part of Danner's research during his work for The New Yorker, The New York Times Magazine, and the New York Review of Books.

The Newspaper Clippings series contains newspaper clippings from various newspapers and newsletters concerning the turmoil in Haiti.

The Government Documents series includes documentation of U.S. government institutions' views and actions towards Haiti, as well as documents from the Haitian government, including a copy of the 1987 constitution.

The T.V. and Radio Transcripts series comprises interviews conducted with various U.S. and Haitian officials and citizens for media outlets such as ABC News.

The Printed Materials series contains a variety of documents from human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and news organizations such as the Foreign Broadcast International Service cables, in addition to flyers and other materials from Haiti. A selection of Danner's own articles on Haiti are also included.

The Research Materials series comprises materials Danner collected on Haiti (notably, records of the U.S. District Court Front Pour l'Avancement et le Progres Haitien -FRAPH court case) as well as documents for other subjects, such as the Balkans, El Mozote, and the World Bank.

The Personal series includes documentation of Danner's travels along with notes and correspondence.

The Tapes series contains VHS tapes which Danner collected as part of his research on Haiti.

The collection also includes two 3.5" floppy disks with files created by Danner. These have been migrated to the Electronic Records server for preservation and are available by contacting Research Services in advance.

Collection
Online
Audio recordings from Radio Haiti-Inter, documenting Haitian politics and culture from 1957 to 2003 (bulk 1972-2003). Under the leadership of station directors Jean Dominique and Michèle Montas, Radio Haiti was a voice of social change and democracy, speaking out against oppression and impunity while advocating for human rights and celebrating Haitian culture and heritage. Documents sonores de Radio Haïti-Inter, documentant la politique et la culture haïtienne de 1957 à 2003 (majorité 1972-2003). Sous la direction de Jean Dominique et Michèle Montas, Radio Haïti fut une voix du changement social et de la démocratie, dénonçant l'oppression et l'impunité tout en défendant les droits humains et célébrant la culture et le patrimoine d'Haïti. Dokiman sonò Radyo Ayiti-Entè, ki reprezante politik ak kilti ayisyen soti nan 1957 rive nan 2003 (pi fò se 1972-2003). Anba direksyon Jean Dominique ak Michèle Montas, Radyo Ayitite yon vwa chanjman sosyal ak demokrasi, ki te denonse tout kalite opresyon ak enpinite pandan li te defande dwa moun epi selebre kilti ak patrimwan ayisyen.

The Radio Haiti audio collection spans 1957 to 2003 (bulk 1972-2003) and consists of open reel and cassette audio recordings. With the exception of a very small number of recordings that are restricted to protect the identities of the speakers, the entire audio collection is digitized and publicly available.

The Radio Haiti collection is perhaps the most thorough documentation of late 20th century Haitian politics and history, including but not limited to the Duvalier regime and its aftermath; the nascent democratic movement amid military rule under the Conseil National de Gouvernement in the late 1980s; the first presidency, overthrow, return, and second presidency of Jean-Bertrand Aristide; the aftermath of the 1991-1994 coup years during which Haiti's democratically-elected government was in exile; and the first presidency of René Préval. Radio Haiti both covered and spoke out against impunity, calling for justice for victims of human rights violations and political oppression as well as victims of corruption and corporate malfeasance. With his background as an agronomist, Jean Dominique focused in particular on the political and land rights of dispossessed peasant farmers and the need for Haiti to strengthen and support national agricultural production. Radio Haiti advocated for freedom of the press and documented repression of the independent media, covered grassroots organizations and women's rights campaigns. Radio Haiti covered international relations, including the plight of undocumented Haitian refugees fleeing to the United States or the Bahamas (so-called "boat people"), Haitian cane-cutters in the Dominican Republic and repatriations of Haitian people from the Dominican Republic, US policy toward Haiti and US involvement in Haitian politics, neoliberal reform and structural adjustment policies. Radio Haiti promoted and showcased Haitian art and culture, including painting and sculpture, literature, poetry, theatre, music, history and national heritage, and other intellectual production. They highlighted Vodou as a meaningful and important part of national culture worthy serious analysis. The station focused extensively on key moments of repression and injustice, such as the 1987 Jean Rabel massacre of peasant farmers and the 1994 Raboteau massacre of Aristide partisans by the military and FRAPH paramilitary, and on important assassinations and disappearances, including but certainly not limited to liberation theology priests Jean-Marie Vincent and Jean "Ti Jan" Pierre-Louis, and, of course, the hired killing of Radio Haiti's own director, Jean Léopold Dominique.

Radio Haiti afforded as much consideration and airtime to the voices and concerns of peasant farmers from rural Haiti, members of grassroots organizations, Haitian braceros living on Dominican bateys, and residents of poor urban neighborhoods as it did to prominent politicians and intellectuals. By reporting largely in Haitian Creole, the language that all Haitians speak and understand, Radio Haiti made media and communication truly democratic, and showed Creole could be a language of serious political and intellectual inquiry.

Radio Haiti's programming consisted of on-the-ground breaking news, reportage, extensive on-air interviews and debates (such as "Face à l'Opinion", "Pawòl la Pale" and "Forum Electoral"), news magazines (such as "Inter-Actualités Magazine" and "Inter-Face"), cultural programming ("Entre Nous") and editorials ("Le Point"). The collection was acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive.

The Radio Haiti audio tapes have been digitized and many are available in the Duke Digital Repository: https://repository.duke.edu/dc/radiohaiti. For help accessing files not yet in the Repository, or for any questions regarding recording content, please contact Rubenstein Research Services staff.

For the Radio Haiti Papers, see Guide to the Radio Haiti Papers

Collection

Radio Haiti papers, circa 1934-2003, bulk 1968-2003 80 Linear Feet — 197 boxes; 2 oversize folders; and digital photographs

Online
Radio Haïti-Inter was Haiti's first and most prominent independent radio station from the early 1970s until 2003. Under the direction of Jean Léopold Dominique and Michèle Montas, Radio Haiti was a voice of social change and democracy, speaking out against oppression and impunity while advocating for human rights and celebrating Haitian culture and heritage. The Radio Haiti papers contain mainly the station's on-air scripts and research materials covering a wide variety of subjects. The Radio Haiti audio recordings are described in a separate collection guide.

Radio Haiti was based in downtown Port-au-Prince on Rue du Quai until 28 November 1980, when Jean-Claude Duvalier's government cracked down on the independent press and human rights activists. Radio Haiti was ransacked, and the station's journalists were arrested then exiled. Many, though not all, of the paper record from the 1970s were destroyed in the 1980 crackdown. Radio Haiti reopened after Duvalier fell in 1986, in a new building on Route Delmas. The station closed again after the 30 September 1991 coup d'état that overthrew President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and reopened in 1995 after the democratic government was restored. As a result of the repression the station and its journalists endured, most of the materials in Radio Haiti's paper archive span 1986 to 1991, and 1995 to 2003, though it also contains extensive external print materials (mainly newspapers and magazines) that Jean Dominique collected while in exile from 1980 to 1986 and from 1991 to 1994.

"Radio Haiti materials" refers to documents created by Radio Haiti's staff. These are mainly on-air scripts, but also include notes and correspondence. "External materials" refers to materials created by outside sources, which were used for research purposes by Radio Haiti's staff. These include, but are not limited to, press (Haitian, Haitian diaspora, and international news outlets), press releases, petitions and open letters from grassroots groups and civil society organizations, reports and other publications, and government communiqués and decrees.