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North Carolina affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union, founded in 1965 and based in Raleigh. The records of the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina (ACLU of N.C.) date from the 1960s to the mid-2000s. The collection is organized into the following series: ACLU Historical Files, Executive Director Files, Legal Program, Audiovisual Material, and Print Material. The files primarily focus on the investigation and prosecution of cases related to civil rights, public education relating to civil liberties, and lobbying for civil liberties and human rights. Materials include correspondence files from the Excecutive Director's office and other units in the ACLU of N.C., thousands of case files; administrative files on cases, operations, and attorney's activities; lobbying and subject files; and printed matter and other records relating to outreach and public education activities. There are also some a/v materials and electronic files. Topics include: the civil rights and legal status of legally under-represented groups such as juveniles and high school students, prisoners, gays, and immigrants; education and academic freedoms; religious freedom and separation of church and state; freedom of expression (including desecration of the flag); racial inequalities and injustices; reproductive rights; women's rights; police misconduct and the legality of search procedures; drug testing and the decriminalization of drugs; voting rights, including issues surrounding reapportionment; and workers' rights, including unionization. There are also files on the Ku Klux Klan, Confederate displays, and right-wing organizations. Many of these issues span decades of ACLU involvement. Researchers consulting case files and any other materials should be aware of privacy laws that govern the publication and use of these records. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

The records of the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina (ACLU of NC) span forty years, from its inception in the early 1960s to its activities in the mid-2000s. The files provide documentation on nearly all aspects of the organization's operations, primarily focusing on the investigation of cases related to civil rights and many related issues, the legal prosecution of cases, public education relating to civil liberties, and lobbying for civil liberties and human rights. Materials include correspondence files from the Excecutive Director's office and other units in the ACLU of NC, beginning from the earliest years; thousands of case files dating from 1969 through the mid-2000s; the legal assistant's files on cases, operations, and attorney's activities; lobbying and subject files; and printed matter and other records relating to the ACLU-NC's outreach and public education activities. There are also some slides related to arts cases, videocassette and audiocassette recordings, and electronic files. Commonly recurring social and legal issues to which the ACLU of NC dedicated its efforts and resources include but are not limited to: the civil rights and legal status of legally under-represented groups such as juveniles and high school students, prisoners, gays, and immigrants; education and academic freedoms; religious freedom and separation of church and state; freedom of expression (including desecration of the flag); racial inequalities and injustices; reproductive rights; women's rights; police misconduct and the legality of search procedures; drug testing and the decriminalization of drugs; voting rights, including issues surrounding reapportionment; and workers' rights, including unionization. There are also many files on the Ku Klux Klan, Confederate displays, and right-wing organizations in NC

The collection is open to use. However, researchers consulting case files and any other materials in this collection should be aware of privacy laws that govern the publication and use of these records, especially in the case of third party information. Most personal names have been removed from case file titles in this web-accessible collection guide. The full version is available only to on-site researchers.

The Legal Program Series, the largest series in the collection at 260 boxes, chiefly consists of court case and other investigations files, and were created and maintained by the branch of the ACLU of NC called the North Carolina Legal Foundation. The files were marked variously as coming from the Office of the Legal Counsel or the Legal Program. These files were kept in their original order, which was generally chronological, though there are many overlapping series and fragmented sequences, some of which are alphabetical. When possible, the nature of the case or investigation is noted in a few words for each entry; keyword searching is the best means to discover names or topics (e.g., "parental consent,""prayer,""1st Amendment,""employee,""free speech," etc.).

Files in the Executive Director Office Series (90 boxes) refer to meetings, annual ACLU national conferences, litigation and political action strategizing, fundraising, and membership, and contain many individual legislative and court case files maintained by the Executive Director's Office (who at times in the ACLU of NC's history also served as the Legal Director). Extensive research and "issues" files, as they were often called, found both in the Legal Program and Executive Office Series, were most often used to support the case and investigative work, and therefore cover topics similar to the case files. Other subject files reflect the Executive Director's efforts to learn about issues relating to other affiliates of the ACLU.

Smaller but significant components of the collection include the Audiovisual Material Series, housing videocassettes and audio recordings, and the Print Material Series, which houses publications, clippings, reports, and other print material created by the ACLU of NC as well as material from other organizations. A nearly complete run of the ACLU of NC's newsletter, Liberty, can be found here, as well as multiple issues from such publications as Prison Law Monitor, Veteran's Advocate, and Youth Law News. Other publications are filed by topic. Many press releases, clippings, and files related to media relations are found in the Executive Director Office Series, and to a lesser extent in the Legal Program Series.

Researchers interested in the earliest history of the ACLU of NC should consult the small Historical Files Series which contains a 1970 history of the organization written by Daniel Pollitt and George Scheer, as well as copies of the original founding documents of incorporation, board and legal foundation meeting minutes from the 1960s to the 1980s, and other files. More complete files of early correspondence, meetings, and legal cases dating from the 1960s and 1970s can be found in other series.

Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

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Ben E. Douglas, Sr. (1895-1981) was a politician, developer, and mayor of Charlotte, N.C. from 1935-1941. Collection contains three folders of correspondence with friends, family, business associates, and political figures; clippings; a small amount of printed material; addresses and writings; and over 100 photographs, including 22 autographed photographs of such notables as Gen. John Pershing, Eddie Rickenbacker, Gov. Luther Hodges, Eddie Cantor, and Gene Autry. There is relatively little material relating to Douglas' service as mayor, however, there are some items that refer to his failed Congressional campaign of 1956. Also included are three scrapbooks showing the development of N.C. during the period from 1953-955, when Douglas was Director of the N.C. Dept. of Conservation and Development, nine volumes of Douglas Airport studies and plans, and three boxes of papers relating to his work on the Airport Advisory Committee, including meeting minutes, letters, memos, clippings, reports, and airport plans.

Collection contains three folders of correspondence with friends, family, business associates, and political figures; clippings; a small amount of printed material; addresses and writings; and over 100 photographs, including 22 autographed photographs of such notables as Gen. John Pershing, Eddie Rickenbacker, Gov. Luther Hodges, Eddie Cantor, and Gene Autry. There is relatively little material relating to Douglas' service as mayor, however, there are some items that refer to his failed Congressional campaign of 1956. Also included are three scrapbooks showing the development of N.C. during the period from 1953-955, when Douglas was Director of the N.C. Dept. of Conservation and Development, nine volumes of Douglas Airport studies and plans, and three boxes of papers relating to his work on the Airport Advisory Committee, including meeting minutes, letters, memos, clippings, reports, and airport plans.

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North Carolina educator and superintendent of public schools in Greensboro, N.C. The papers of Benjamin Lee Smith, North Carolina educator and Duke University alumnus, span the years 1916-1961, and contain correspondence, memoranda, clippings, and other printed material related to public education at both the local and state levels in North Carolina. There are also several dozen photographs of N.C. school buildings and personnel, circa 1930s-1950s. Papers are arranged in the following series: Correspondence, Subject Files (the largest series in the collection), Clippings, Printed Material, and Speeches. Other topics include prohibition and the elections of 1928, and religion and politics in North Carolina. A small but significant amount of material concerns school integration in Greensboro and associated civil rights issues in North Carolina (located within boxes 10, 11, 14-16, 21, 24, 26 and 31). Collection also includes material on charitable organizations in which Smith was active, especially the Methodist Church, North Carolina Education Association (NCEA), Kiwanis Club, Boy Scouts, and the Horace Mann League.

The papers of Benjamin Lee Smith, North Carolina educator and Duke University alumnus, span the years 1916-1961, and contain correspondence, memoranda, clippings, and other printed material related to public education at both the local and state levels in North Carolina. There are also several dozen photographs of N.C. school buildings and personnel, circa 1930s-1950s. Papers are arranged in the following series: Correspondence, Subject Files (the largest series in the collection), Clippings, Printed Material, and Speeches. Other topics include prohibition and the elections of 1928, and religion and politics in North Carolina. A small but significant amount of material concerns school integration in Greensboro and associated civil rights issues in North Carolina (located within boxes 10, 11, 14-16, 21, 24, 26 and 31). Collection also includes material on charitable organizations in which Smith was active, especially the Methodist Church, North Carolina Education Association (NCEA), Kiwanis Club, Boy Scouts, and the Horace Mann League.

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Common Sense Foundation records, 1983-2008 and undated 19 Linear Feet — Approximately 11,625 Items

Progressive policy think-tank based in North Carolina. Spanning the years 1983 to 2008, the Common Sense Foundation (CSF) Records contain manuscript, print, audiovisual, and electronic materials related to the foundation's administration and work on various policy initiatives, which include the death penalty, taxation and economic justice, the environment, gay rights, health care, testing in public schools and other education issues, the tobacco industry, and North Carolina politics. The collection primarily contains clippings, reports, administrative documents, and correspondence, including emails, and is organized into the following series: Administrative Files, Audiovisual Materials, Board of Directors, Photographs, Printed Materials, Research Files, Staff Files, and Website. The largest group of materials relates to CSF's research on public policy. Several thousand electronic files in the collection have been migrated to a library server. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

Spanning the years 1983 to 2008, the Common Sense Foundation Records contain manuscript, print, audiovisual, and electronic materials related to CSF's administration and work on various policy initiatives, which include the death penalty, taxation and economic justice, the environment, gay rights, health care, testing in public schools and other education issues, health care, the tobacco industry, and North Carolina politics, and many other civil rights issues. The collection primarily contains clippings, reports, administrative documents, and correspondence, including emails, and is organized into the following series: Administrative Files, Audiovisual Materials, Board of Directors, Photographs, Printed Materials, Research Files, Staff Files, and Website. The largest group of materials relates to CSF's research on public policy. Thousands of electronic files representing materials related to the series in the collection have been migrated to a library server. Files must be screened for confidential material before use can be granted.

Several series focus on the administration of the foundation. In addition to documenting the foundation's bylaws and history, the Administrative Files Series contains documents related to CSF's finances and membership, sponsorship of events, strategic planning, and personnel. Related material can also be found in the Staff Files Series. The administration and strategic plan of the foundation is also treated in the Board of Directors Series (closed until 2020), which contains minutes of board meetings and information about board members. The Photographs Series houses images of CSF events.

Other series document the foundation's policy initiatives. The Printed Materials Subseries contains copies of works published by CSF, clippings of articles written by CSF staff, and publications on related topics printed by other organizations. Organized by topic, the Research Files Series contains files related to the foundation's research and organizing work, principally on the death penalty, economic issues, fair testing in public schools, North Carolina politicians, and health care. Primarily containing clippings and reports, this series also includes letters written by incarcerated people to CSF, and includes the foundation's survey of lawyers who represented death row inmates. The Audiovisual Materials Series contains videocassettes related to CSF's policy initiatives and that document foundation-sponsored events. CSF's presence on the internet is documented in the Website Series, which contains both policy and administrative material.

Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

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Group formed in the 1970s to draft a charter for the consolidation of the Durham, North Carolina City and County governments. Durham, North Carolina City/County Charter Commission records contain correspondence, financial records, reports, statements, memoranda, polls, minutes, maps, and other documents. Most materials date from 1971 to 1974.

The Durham, North Carolina City/County Charter Commission records contain correspondence, financial records, reports, statements, memoranda, polls, minutes, maps, and other documents from the Durham City/County Charter Commission. The organization was formed to draft a charter for the consolidation of the Durham City and Durham County governments, and was chaired by E.K. Powe. The group was aided by the Institute of Government at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, as well as the Atlanta, Georgia firm Public Research and Management, Inc. Most materials date from 1971 to 1974.

[Original audiovisual materials are closed to use. Use of these materials may require production of listening or viewing copies. Please contact Research Services before coming to use this collection.]

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George Adams Shuford papers, 1952-1959 45 Linear Feet — 36,000 Items

Shuford's papers consist of 89 boxes of correspondence, reports, speeches, and memoranda from his office in Washington, 1952-1959. The collection is divided into four main categories according to the filing system used in the Congressman's office. Subjects, persons, and places appear throughout all categories.

The Shuford Papers were in filing drawers when originally cataloged. Later the papers were transferred to many smaller archival boxes. Since it was no longer easy to survey the contents, an informal inventory of the files was compiled by a student assistant. The collection remains in its original folders with their informal and frequently inconsistent labeling.

The correspondence has two divisions. First, there are letters filed alphabetically by names of correspondents (Boxes 1-21). However, each letter of the alphabet also has one or more folders in which the correspondence is filed only according to the first letter of the name. Secondly, there are letters filed chronologically in folders marked "Letters. Legislation" (Boxes 22-23) and "Letters. General" (Boxes 24-28). There are also several folders of letters of congratulations, recommendations, references, and sympathy (Box 28).

Volumes of guest books and an inaugural invitation (1953) are in Box 28.

Speeches and speech material are in Boxes 29-30.

Subject categories occupy Boxes 31-89. The folders are labeled and are filed according to the words underlined on each label. The labeling system was not consistent, and researchers must survey the subject categories for a given subject as well as the correspondence and speeches. Subjects notable for the quantity of material about them are: agriculture, the armed services, atomic energy, elections, civil rights, civil service, Colorado River, commerce, the Constitution, the Democratic Party, education, electric power utilities, finance, fish and wildlife, foreign relations, highways, Indians, the House Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, irrigation and reclamation, labor (often under education and labor), the judiciary, mines and mining, politics in North Carolina (especially the 12th congressional district for which there are election records on the precinct level), the Post Office, public lands, refugees, small business, the House Ways and Means Committee, tariffs, taxation, TVA, tobacco, veterans affairs, the Territories Subcommittee (Alaska and Hawaii), and water resources.

The chronology within folders is frequently out of order. The letters are not entered in the Autograph File.

2,000 Items added, 1-3-68. This addition to the subject categories of the Shuford Papers is notable for files on the Blue Ridge Parkway, the Cherokee Indians, and the Hell's Canyon Legislation.

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Terry Sanford was a politician and President of Duke University from 1970 to 1985. He was Governor of North Carolina from 1961-1965, a United States Senator from 1986-1992, and campaigned for the Democratic Party nomination for President in 1972 and 1976. The Records and Papers of Terry Sanford include administrative records, personal papers, manuscripts, photographs, sound and video records, and other materials gathered by Terry Sanford during his careers as a politician and the President and President Emeritus of Duke University.

University administrative records, personal papers, manuscripts, photographs, printed matter, memorabilia, and other material created or received by Terry Sanford during his various careers as a lawyer, politician, and President and President Emeritus of Duke University. The bulk of material consists of records from his tenure as President, 1969-1985. A folder list for these records (Series 1). Also included are substantial records on Sanford's 1972 and 1976 campaigns for the Democratic Party nominee for President, as well as personal and political files related to his many interests and activities throughout his political career. Series 2 and Series 4 as well as portions of Series 3 are not fully processed although some content information is available in the series descriptions.

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Terry Sanford papers, 1926-1996 228.6 Linear Feet — 130,000 Items

The Terry Sanford Papers document Sanford's career as a United States Senator from North Carolina from 1986 to 1992. The collection contains papers dated from 1926-1992, with the bulk of the material dated between 1986 and 1992. His senatorial campaigns, views on issues, interactions with constituents, and activities in committees of which he was a member are documented throughout the collection. Sanford served on the following U. S. Senate committees: Select Committee on Ethics (Chair); Special Committee on Aging; Budget; Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, including the Subcommittee on International Finance and Monetary Policy and Subcommittee on Securities; and Foreign Relations, including Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Chair), Subcommittee on African Affairs, and Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere and Peace Corps Affairs.

Senator Sanford's 1986 and 1992 campaigns are portrayed in the Press Files Series, particularly in the Videos Subseries and the Speeches Subseries. The Personal/Political Series contains Sanford's personal files from these campaigns. His views on the topics of education, health care, civil rights, foreign relations, and the environment are also documented in the Videos Subseries in interviews with Sanford and in campaign commercials; in the Speeches Subseries as well as in the Press Issues Subseries of the Press Files Series, and in the Voting Record Subseries of the Legislative Files Series.

Records of Sanford's activities on the committees on which he served (Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs; Foreign Relations; Budget; Select Committee on Ethics; Environment; and Appropriations) appear in the Legislative Files Series. His ideas and actions on the issues addressed by these committees are reflected in the General Correspondence Subseries of the Personal/Political Series.

Relationships with Sanford's constituents are documented in the Constituent Services Series. Both letters from constituents to Sanford and samples of standard form replies are included. Individual correspondence between Sanford and representatives of corporations and foundations are arranged alphabetically by the subject in the General Correspondence Subseries of the Personal/Political Series. The Videos Subseries of the Press Files Series includes lobbying material from industries.

Material in the Personal Journals Subseries of the Personal/Political Series is closed to patron use during Sanford's lifetime unless written approval from Sanford or his authorized representative has been acquired.

Several other area repositories hold collections pertaining to Senator Sanford's life and career. The Duke University Archives has records pertaining to Sanford's Presidency of Duke. Papers relating to his governorship are in the North Carolina Archives. His personal papers are among the holdings of the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina.

Addition (1998-0323) is chiefly comprised of correspondence and printed material related to Sanford's political career, involvement in community, and membership in various organizations. They include files regarding the 517th Infantry (chiefly newsletters), a Battle of the Bulge reunion (1990), Central American affairs, and "miscellaneous memberships". Computer diskettes of Sanford's Senate journal document his career in the US Senate. (1982-1991) (780 items) (1.5 linear feet)

Addition (1999-0353) includes photographs and negatives of Sanford produced in 1987 for a senatorial portrait. (1987) (60 items) (.05 linear feet)

Addition (2000-0408) comprises 51 volumes of Sanford's Senate journal that cover June 1987 to August 1991; partial copies of his Senate schedules and 17 related micro-audio cassette tapes from July 1991 to March 1992; and other miscellaneous material concerning his senatorial campaigns of 1986 and 1992 and service in the Senate. This material was acquired from Sanford by Howard Covington and Marion Ellis for their use in writing Terry Sanford: Politics, Progress, and Outrageous Ambitions (Durham: Duke University Press, 1999). (1985-1995) (218 items) (3 linear feet)

Addition (2007-0078) (10 linear ft., 5650 items, dated circa 1986-1996) features material related to Sanford's 1986 senatorial campaign and to his book Outlive Your Enemies (published 1996). Senatorial campaign records include correspondence, voter surveys, campaign files, clippings, event flyers and invitations, videocassettes, and audiocassettes and other materials. The Outlive Your Enemies content consists of research files related to aging.

Addition (2010-0059) (3.6 lin. ft.; dated 1940s-1990s) includes hundreds of photographs from the Sanford family. The majority of these date from the 1980s and 1990s, while there are some earlier black and white prints from the 1940s and 1950s. Most are not labeled. There are also 2 photograph albums of family vacations to Africa (1988) and Europe (1990s). This material requires processing before use.

Addition (2012-0001) (0.2 lin. ft.; 150 items; dated 19602-2000s and undated) includes loose photographs and personal correspondence dating 1960s-2000s. The majority of these date from the 1970s. There are also miscellanous items including a 1987 Congressional Pictorial Directory. This material requires processing before use.

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Wallace Kaufman papers, 1959-1994 1.5 Linear Feet — 700 Items

Author, teacher, naturalist, environmental activist, and World Bank consultant Wallace Vickers Kaufman was a 1961 graduate of Duke University's Trinity College majoring in English. Collection contains correspondene, reports, journals, and miscellaneous material relating primarily to Kaufman's environmental activism and as a real estate and entrepeneurial consultat. The collection also contains material documenting his friendship with Reynolds Price, a former instructor of Kaufman's at Duke, specifically correspondence, manuscripts, and several typescripts of Price's work.

The collection contains correspondence, writings and addresses, journals, reports, clippings and assorted print matter. Materials present primarily reflect Kaufman's environmental activism while residing in rural Chatham County, North Carolina and his consulting work with the World Bank and the International City/County Management Association in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc. Correspondence mostly documents Kaufman's role with the Conservation Council of North Carolina and the organization's collaboration with other local, regional, and national environmental organizations.

The journals and reports document Kaufman's work in former Soviet nations. They describe Kaufman's day to day activities in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Kazakhstan, and Poland that include descriptions of local customs and geographic regions, the difficulties and challenges inherent in transition from collectivism to privatization, and surveys of local businesses and manufactories. Also present in the collection is material documenting Kaufman's relationship with author Reynolds Price. This material includes mostly correspondence as well as several manuscripts and typescripts. The correspondence touches upon personal matters as well as professional including the activities of mutual friends and acquaintances, travels, and current works in progress.

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Wilbur Hobby papers, 1956-1968 13.3 Linear Feet — 10,000 Items

Labor leader, from Durham, N.C. Papers of Hobby while he served as southeast area director of the Committee on Political Education of the AFL-CIO. The collection also includes material from Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia, Florida, and South Carolina on voting records, issue positions, activities of congressmen and other political officials, elections statistics, reports of state labor conferences, memoranda on unionization in various industries, reports of the state directors of the Committee on Political Education, and state labor publications.

Collection comprises the professional papers of Hobby representing his activities while he served as southeast area director of the Committee on Political Education of the AFL-CIO. The collection includes material from Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia, Florida, and South Carolina, which include voting records, issue positions, activities of congressmen and other political officials, elections statistics, reports of state labor conferences, memoranda on unionization in various industries, reports of the state directors of the Committee on Political Education, and state labor publications.