Collections : [David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library]

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David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library

The holdings of the Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library range from ancient papyri to records of modern advertising. There are over 10,000 manuscript collections containing more than 20 million individual manuscript items. Only a portion of these collections and items are discoverable on this site. Others may be found in the library catalog.

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American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina records, 1960-2020; 1960-ongoing and undated

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217.5 Linear Feet — approximately 135,000 items
North Carolina affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union, founded in 1965 and based in Raleigh. The records of the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina (ACLU of N.C.) date from the 1960s to the mid-2000s. The collection is organized into the following series: ACLU Historical Files, Executive Director Files, Legal Program, Audiovisual Material, and Print Material. The files primarily focus on the investigation and prosecution of cases related to civil rights, public education relating to civil liberties, and lobbying for civil liberties and human rights. Materials include correspondence files from the Excecutive Director's office and other units in the ACLU of N.C., thousands of case files; administrative files on cases, operations, and attorney's activities; lobbying and subject files; and printed matter and other records relating to outreach and public education activities. There are also some a/v materials and electronic files. Topics include: the civil rights and legal status of legally under-represented groups such as juveniles and high school students, prisoners, gays, and immigrants; education and academic freedoms; religious freedom and separation of church and state; freedom of expression (including desecration of the flag); racial inequalities and injustices; reproductive rights; women's rights; police misconduct and the legality of search procedures; drug testing and the decriminalization of drugs; voting rights, including issues surrounding reapportionment; and workers' rights, including unionization. There are also files on the Ku Klux Klan, Confederate displays, and right-wing organizations. Many of these issues span decades of ACLU involvement. Researchers consulting case files and any other materials should be aware of privacy laws that govern the publication and use of these records. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

The records of the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina (ACLU of NC) span forty years, from its inception in the early 1960s to its activities in the mid-2000s. The files provide documentation on nearly all aspects of the organization's operations, primarily focusing on the investigation of cases related to civil rights and many related issues, the legal prosecution of cases, public education relating to civil liberties, and lobbying for civil liberties and human rights. Materials include correspondence files from the Excecutive Director's office and other units in the ACLU of NC, beginning from the earliest years; thousands of case files dating from 1969 through the mid-2000s; the legal assistant's files on cases, operations, and attorney's activities; lobbying and subject files; and printed matter and other records relating to the ACLU-NC's outreach and public education activities. There are also some slides related to arts cases, videocassette and audiocassette recordings, and electronic files. Commonly recurring social and legal issues to which the ACLU of NC dedicated its efforts and resources include but are not limited to: the civil rights and legal status of legally under-represented groups such as juveniles and high school students, prisoners, gays, and immigrants; education and academic freedoms; religious freedom and separation of church and state; freedom of expression (including desecration of the flag); racial inequalities and injustices; reproductive rights; women's rights; police misconduct and the legality of search procedures; drug testing and the decriminalization of drugs; voting rights, including issues surrounding reapportionment; and workers' rights, including unionization. There are also many files on the Ku Klux Klan, Confederate displays, and right-wing organizations in NC

The collection is open to use. However, researchers consulting case files and any other materials in this collection should be aware of privacy laws that govern the publication and use of these records, especially in the case of third party information. Most personal names have been removed from case file titles in this web-accessible collection guide. The full version is available only to on-site researchers.

The Legal Program Series, the largest series in the collection at 260 boxes, chiefly consists of court case and other investigations files, and were created and maintained by the branch of the ACLU of NC called the North Carolina Legal Foundation. The files were marked variously as coming from the Office of the Legal Counsel or the Legal Program. These files were kept in their original order, which was generally chronological, though there are many overlapping series and fragmented sequences, some of which are alphabetical. When possible, the nature of the case or investigation is noted in a few words for each entry; keyword searching is the best means to discover names or topics (e.g., "parental consent,""prayer,""1st Amendment,""employee,""free speech," etc.).

Files in the Executive Director Office Series (90 boxes) refer to meetings, annual ACLU national conferences, litigation and political action strategizing, fundraising, and membership, and contain many individual legislative and court case files maintained by the Executive Director's Office (who at times in the ACLU of NC's history also served as the Legal Director). Extensive research and "issues" files, as they were often called, found both in the Legal Program and Executive Office Series, were most often used to support the case and investigative work, and therefore cover topics similar to the case files. Other subject files reflect the Executive Director's efforts to learn about issues relating to other affiliates of the ACLU.

Smaller but significant components of the collection include the Audiovisual Material Series, housing videocassettes and audio recordings, and the Print Material Series, which houses publications, clippings, reports, and other print material created by the ACLU of NC as well as material from other organizations. A nearly complete run of the ACLU of NC's newsletter, Liberty, can be found here, as well as multiple issues from such publications as Prison Law Monitor, Veteran's Advocate, and Youth Law News. Other publications are filed by topic. Many press releases, clippings, and files related to media relations are found in the Executive Director Office Series, and to a lesser extent in the Legal Program Series.

Researchers interested in the earliest history of the ACLU of NC should consult the small Historical Files Series which contains a 1970 history of the organization written by Daniel Pollitt and George Scheer, as well as copies of the original founding documents of incorporation, board and legal foundation meeting minutes from the 1960s to the 1980s, and other files. More complete files of early correspondence, meetings, and legal cases dating from the 1960s and 1970s can be found in other series.

Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

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ACLU of NC Historical Files Series, 1969-1984 and undated 2 boxes

Smallest series includes photocopies of original incorporation papers, by-laws, a history of the NCCLU written by Daniel Pollitt and George Scheer in 1970, and other documents relating to the organization's earliest years of formation, when it was known as the NCCLU. Filed in the front of the folder is a list of Executive Directors with term years, and other key individuals in the organization. Additional early records from the 1960s and 1970s can be found in the other main series.

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Executive Director Office Series, 1965-2001 and undated 90 boxes

Arranged in the following groupings: chronological subseries by decade relating to Executive Directors in office during that period, beginning with the 1970s; followed by the Board of Trustees Subseries; and last, the Publicity and Media Subseries. The original chronological groupings, some arranged internally in alphabetical order, were maintained by Executive Office staff and chiefly consisted of administrative files, correspondence files, requests for legal assistance (including rejections), and subject folders used for personal research and development, or in direct support of accepted cases. The presence of case files is explained partly by the fact that for some time the Executive Director functioned simultaneously as the Legal Director; later on, these two positions were again separate administrative functions, after which most of the case files were maintained by the Office of Legal Counsel, or the Legal Program, as it became known. See also the Legal Program Series for related case files.

Researchers should be aware that privacy laws govern the use or publication of information in these files.

Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (ALFA) Periodicals collection, 1962-1994

70.5 Linear Feet — About 33,750 Items
The Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (ALFA) was a grassroots lesbian feminist activist organization founded in 1972 and disbanded in 1994. The ALFA Periodicals Collection, dated 1962-1994, contains over 800 grassroots newsletter and journal titles from feminist, LGBT, and other activist groups primarily located in the Southeast but also including titles from around the U.S. and abroad. Many of the titles are now ephemeral and not found in any library. The collection was originally established and maintained as part of the Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance's library and archives. Also included are non-regional women's and lesbian journals from the early women's movement as well as some long runs of gay newspapers published throughout the U.S. and Canada.

The ALFA Periodicals Collection, dated 1962-1994, contains over 800 grassroots newsletter and journal titles, many of which are now ephemeral and not in any library. The publications were collected by ALFA generally by means of exchange subscriptions with other lesbian, feminist, and activist groups from all over the U.S. and abroad. The periodicals cover a range of topics of interest and concern to socialist lesbian feminists. In addition to strictly lesbian and feminist publications, there is a wealth of publications from other leftist activist groups covering political and social causes from anti-nuclear weapons, to AIDS activism, to the beginnings of the men's movement. The collection helps document these various political movements as well as the issues facing the people whose task it was to document them.

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Maurice Allais collection, 1945-2003 and undated

6.5 Linear Feet — 5 boxes
Collection consists of article offprints and monographs by and about economist Maurice Allais. It includes a range of published scholarship written by Allais, along with a small amout of lecture notes and reference articles about his life and work.

Collection contains article offprints and monographs by and about economist Maurice Allais. Materials are listed alphabetically within 3 subseries: Articles by Allais, Articles about Allais, and Lectures by Allais. The first two subseries include publications and clippings from assorted journals, newspapers, and other periodicals. The Lectures subseries contains drafts from Allais's visit to the Thomas Jefferson Center for Studies in Political Economy in 1959.

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Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (ALFA) Archives, circa 1972-1994

24 Linear Feet — 18,000 Items

When ALFA disbanded in 1994, the archival collections and the bulk of the periodicals collection were transferred to Duke's David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library. The book collection and the remaining periodicals stayed in Atlanta, with books relating to feminist theory going to Emory University and the rest to a community library. The ALFA Archives and Periodicals Collections that have been transferred to Duke are an incredibly rich source of information about feminist and lesbian activism and communities, especially in the Southeast, from the early 1970s to the present.

The ALFA Archives includes the organizational records of ALFA as well as other southern radical women's groups such as Lucina's Music/Orchid Productions; Radio Free Georgia (WRFG) women's programming; the womonwrites conference for lesbian writers and publishers; the Southern Women's Music festival; the Atlanta Socialist-Feminist Women's Union; and Dykes for the Second American Revolution (DAR II). The extensive subject files, which are a part of ALFA's archives, document scores of other feminist, lesbian, and activist organizations and events as well as provide information on a broad range of feminist and lesbian issues. Of particular note are ALFA's "Theory/Analysis (Women)" files, as well as their collection of publications by KNOW, Inc., in the "Publishers" subseries; using these primary materials, researchers can get a good sense of the issues that gave rise to the women's liberation movement and to ALFA in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

The ALFA Periodicals Collection contains literally hundreds of grassroots newsletters and journals, many of which are now ephemeral and not in any library. This extensive library of feminist, lesbian and gay, and activist periodicals is more fully described in a separate guide.

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Administrative Files Series

Contains material pertaining to the daily workings of ALFA, including events ALFA sponsored or participated in and the publicity for these events; information about individual members; fundraising for the organization; committees within the organization; meetings; correspondence; information about the Southern Feminist Library and Archives; and Atalanta, ALFA's newsletter.

Alfred and Elizabeth Brand Collection of Civil War and Lee Family papers, 1757-1925 (bulk 1838-1868)

3.4 Linear Feet — 100 Items

Letters, reports, certificates of appointment, receipts, loans, and other documents pertaining to the Civil War and to the Lee family (accession#2000-353), and collected by Alfred and Elizabeth Brand. The Civil War Papers Series includes battle reports from Bull Run (1861), Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg; Confederate Army General Orders Nos. 9, 64, and 18; letters detailing the operation of the Confederate Army, outcomes of battles, and Confederate opinions about the Civil War and specific officers. Includes a broadside, "Rally Round the Flag, Boys!;" a transcription of an interview with Jefferson Davis by newspaper writer Augustus C. Buell (1876); a draft of the poem "The Conquered Banner" by the Rev. Abram J. Ryan (1865); two engravings (of Grant and Sherman); John H. Miller and M. French's obligation and oath of allegiance to Virginia and to the Confederate States of America (1862); and J. C. Winsmith's oath of allegiance to the USA and pardon from Andrew Johnson and William H. Seward (1865).

Writers and correspondents in this Series are primarily from Virginia (especially Berkeley County) and Kentucky. Prominent individuals include Pierre Gustave Tonte Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, David Holmes Conrad, Samuel Cooper, Samuel Wylie Crawford, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, J. E. Johnson, I. Nadenbousch, Daniel Ruggles, William T. Sherman, and Edwin M. Stanton.

The Lee Family Papers Series comprises primarily Colonial-era governmental and financial documents pertaining to Francis Lightfoot Lee, "Henry Light Horse Harry" Lee, and Richard Henry Lee, Sr. Documents pertain to slaves; maps and surveys of leased land; and loan indentures. Includes certificates appointing Francis Lightfoot Lee as Justice of the Peace (1757-1768); and a letter from Richard Henry Lee, Sr., to Henry Lee regarding the colonists' agitation for freedom (1770). Ante-bellum and Civil War documents in the Lee family papers include loan indentures; a bill of sale for cotton to the Confederate government; two cartes-de-visite (of Robert E. Lee); letters written by Richard Henry Lee, Jr., discussing the sale of his sister's slaves; and a letter from Robert Edward Lee to Samuel Cooper regarding poorly executed military orders (1865). Several documents throughout the collection include the original rare manuscripts dealer's description.

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Hans Baron papers, 1867-2018 and undated

41.3 Linear Feet — 88 boxes — approximately 49,000 items — 49,800 Items
Hans Baron was a reknowned German-born historian and scholar of Italian Renaissance history and literature who emigrated from Germany in 1933. Collection includes research notes, writings, and drafts, primarily concerning the Italian Renaissance, humanism, medieval and renaissance politics, Petrarch, Machiavelli, and related topics. There are also materials regarding his most significant monographs, especially for In Search of Florentine Civic Humanism: Essays on the Transition from Medieval to Modern Thought. Papers include writings and correspondence to and from other scholars, including Ron Witt, William Bouwsma, Gene Brucker, and Paul Oskar Kristeller. The main collection has received basic processing. There are also later additions that have not been arranged: these include unsorted research and travel notes, writings, clippings, memorabilia, and correspondence. Some of these materials are related to his emigration from Germany to the United States as a Jewish refugee, and his subsequent teaching and research appointments.

Addition (02-265)(200 items, 0.4 lin. ft.; dated 1928-1971 and undated) contains research notes and materials relating to Francesco da Fiano, a 15th century Italian humanist. Also includes a packet of correspondence between Gene Brucker and Baron (1961-1971).

Addition (08-144)(45 items, .1 lin. ft.; dated 1971-1988) primarily contains correspondence between Baron and Ronald Witt (Duke University) regarding their publications and research, including grants for release time and negotiations with publishers; their agreements and disagreements regarding their area of specialization; and the problems associated with teaching at the college level in their specialty. Includes a few addendums to letters written by Baron's wife, Edith, as well as two letters to Witt from other sources. A few of the letters are missing pages.

Addition (2012-112) (0.8 lin. ft., 600 items) includes notes and edited drafts related to Hans Baron's work on Leonardo Bruni.

Addition (2015-0108) (2.0 lin. ft.) includes academic and personal correspondence, as well as other research and teaching materials, offficial emigration documents, travel notes, with a few memorabilia, and clippings, largely dating from the mid-1920s-1960s.

Addition (2017-0111) (1.0 lin. ft.) includes manuscript drafts, correspondence, and reproductions regarding Poggio Florentini.

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Admiral Robert Barrie papers, 1765-1953

6 Linear Feet — 735 Items
Admiral Sir Robert Barrie (1774-1841) served in the British Navy and participated in the Vancouver expedition, 1791-1795; the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars; the War of 1812; and served as naval commissioner in Canada, 1819-1834. Collection includes papers relating to Admiral Barrie's experiences in the Vancouver expedition, 1791-1795; the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars; the War of 1812; and his service as naval commissioner in Canada, 1819-1834. Included is a small group of material relating to the 31st Regiment of Foot in Florida and Britain during the 1760s and 1770s when the Admiral's father, Dr. Robert Barrie, was surgeon's mate. Correspondents include Thomas Manby and James Macnamara.

The collection consists primarily of family papers in which some naval correspondence is intermingled. The letters of Sir Robert and Lady Julia Barrie are numerous. There are letters by Admiral Gardner, Dorothy (Gardner) Clayton, and various naval officers and members of the family. There are groups of legal papers, biographical sketches, genealogy, financial accounts, and photographs.

Family relationships and associations are extensive and are represented by comment, legal documents, and genealogies. The families include: Clayton, Cornwall, Cracraft, Cririe, Dixon, Fothergill, Gardner, Humphrys, Ingilby, Lyon, Shuttleworth, and Uppleby. A small group of photographs includes Sir Robert Barrie, William Barrie, John and Olivia (Page) Fothergill, John and Kitty (Leadbetter) Uppleby, Leadbetter and Eliza (Barrie) Uppleby, Charles Clotworthy Wood, Swarthdale House, and others.

The papers were still owned by the family as late as the 1950s. On Feb. 28, 1951, Charles John Ormond Barrie wrote about them to James S. Matthews of the Vancouver City Archives. Ten years earlier (Aug. 19, 1941) he listed several series of letters, some of which are no longer in the collection--correspondence from Lord Aylmer, Sir George Cockburn, Sir John Franklin, and George Vancouver. The covers for a few of these letters remain in the collection. The covers for letters by Admiral Gardner and copies of letters by Barrie indicate other absent manuscripts. Some papers may have been destroyed during Barrie's lifetime.

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Godfrey Barnsley papers, 1824-1873

3 Linear Feet — (6 boxes; 3,668 items)
Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), of Savannah, Ga., was an agent for general import and export brokers of Liverpool, England. Collection includes letters to Barnsley from his children, correspondence among his children, accounts with physicians, accounts for building expenses of Barnsley's estate, "Woodlands," near Kingston, Ga., and records of sales and imports of cotton. Letters from children concern school life while his sons attended a New England preparatory school and daughters were at the Montpelier Female Institute, near Macon, Ga. There are also letters from son Harold describing his voyage around Cape Horn and travels to the North, and in China, where he eventually settled. Civil War material includes letters from Godfrey's sons and information on the depredations suffered by the family. Beginning in 1867 there are letters from two Barnsley sons who emigrated to South America: George, a physician, and Lucien, who at different times operated a rice mill, apothecary's shop, brick manufactory, and Brazilian gold mine. Their letters describe the inhabitants, the countryside, and political, social, and economic conditions in Brazil. Throughout much of the collection there are references to spiritualism, seances, and mediums.

Collection contains letters to Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1872), Savannah agent for general import and export brokers of Liverpool, England, from his children; correspondence among the children; detailed lists comprised of accounts with physicians, invoices, prices of building materials for "Woodlands" (Barnsley's estate), records of sales and imports of cotton, bills, and receipts.

There are letters from three of the Barnsley sons who attended the preparatory school of Charles Green at Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts; and letters from Barnsley's three daughters at Montpelier Female Institute, near Macon, Georgia. Much of the material concerns Harold Barnsley, who traveled over New England and other northern sections of the United States, in China, and on the seas; references to the Civil War, in which several of the sons served, and to depredations suffered by the family.

Beginning in 1867 there are several letters from two of Barnsley's sons, George, a physician, and Lucien, both of whom went to South America with an emigrant group under the leadership of one McMullen. They shortly severed connections with this group, however. George followed his profession, while Lucien engaged in a number of enterprises, operating in turn a rice mill, apothecary's shop, brick manufactory, and gold mine. Most of this work was at Iguape, Sao Paulo Province, and near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The letters contain descriptions of the natives, the countryside, and political, social and economic conditions of the country.

The collection also contains a ledger, 1828-1844.

Throughout much of the papers there are references to spiritualism, seances, and mediums.

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Bernard Irwin Barnes papers, 1931-1966 and undated

0.5 Linear Feet
Bernard Irwin Barnes was a Methodist minister stationed at churches in West Virginia and Maryland from the 1930s through the 1960s. His papers include his sermon notes and drafts, including the dates and churches where each sermon was delivered; assorted prayers and quotations; and his personal scripture study of First Corinthians.

This collection includes Barnes' sermon notes and drafts, including the dates and churches where each sermon was delivered. These are usually typescripts with manuscript annotations. Topics range from scripture study, the life of Jesus, and traditional devotional subjects to more contemporary topics such as race relations and World War II. He references scripture as well as other Methodist writings, like Clovis Chappell's Ten Rules for Living. The collection also includes miscellaneous notes kept by Barnes with assorted prayers and quotations; his personal copies of the Methodist Ritual and his personal scripture study (including annotations) of First Corinthians; assorted church bulletins and orders of service from various churches; and some miscellaneous receipts and other items related to his pastoral work.

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Bruce Barton papers, 1912-1949 and undated

3 items
Journalist, author and advertising executive, co-founder of Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn (BBDO) agency in New York. Includes 1912 letter to author Margaret Pollock Sherwood in which Bruce Barton, then Managing Editor of The Housekeeper magazine, praises Sherwood's work and asks if she would consider submitting stories to the magazine. Circa 1915 reprint of tract "The Creator of a Correspondence Church" written by Barton and published in Associated Sunday Magazines; Letter, 1949 to journalist Julien Elfenbein in which Barton mentions the potential power of the Sears catalog as a pro-American propaganda tool in Russia. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Includes 1912 letter to Margaret Pollock Sherwood in which Bruce Barton, then Managing Editor of The Housekeeper magazine, praises Sherwood's work and asks if she would consider submitting stories to the magazine. Circa 1915 reprint of tract "The Creator of a Correspondence Church" written by Barton and published in Associated Sunday Magazines; Letter, 1949 to Julien Elfenbein in which Barton mentions the potential power of the Sears catalog as a pro-American propaganda tool in Russia. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Barriner Family papers, 1921-1941

0.4 Linear Feet — 120 Items
Barriner family of Poplar Bluff, Missouri. Brothers Clyde Barriner and Woodrow Barriner were members of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Collection includes letters chiefly sent to Sarah Barriner of Poplar Bluff, Mo., from her children and relatives. Letters from her son Woodrow Barriner describe daily activities and camp life in Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Company 1727 near Powers, Or., from 1933-1934. Also included are letters from Clyde Barriner in Van Buren, Mo.; from Esther Payne in Sumter, S.C., 1940-1941; from Minnie Hanson of Piedmont, Mo.; and from Opal Hill. Family letters typically discuss social life in customs and hardships caused by the Great Depression.

Collection includes letters chiefly sent to Sarah Barriner of Poplar Bluff, Mo., from her children and relatives. Letters from her son Woodrow Barriner describe daily activities and camp life in Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Company 1727 near Powers, Or., from 1933-1934. Also included are letters from Clyde Barriner in Van Buren, Mo.; from Esther Payne in Sumter, S.C., 1940-1941; from Minnie Hanson of Piedmont, Mo.; and from Opal Hill. Family letters typically discuss social life in customs and hardships caused by the Great Depression.

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David Barrows papers, 1836-1870 and undated

0.5 Linear Feet — 265 Items
Hosiery manufacturer and English emigrant. The collection includes letters, diaries and miscellaneous papers documenting the business enterprises and family life of Barrows.

Letters, diaries, and miscellaneous papers documenting the business enterprises and family life of a young Englishman who immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1842. Ten diaries (1850-1853) present a detailed account of hosiery manufacture as a family enterprise in which both men and women participated. Community events in Nicetown, Pa., were described as well. Diaries also document the relationship between Barrow and his alcoholic father who was sometimes physically abusive to family members. The author described his efforts to attain financial independence and to create a new life for himself and his wife. Letters from Ann Rusby, a teacher, and diary entries by Barrows, reveal much about their courtship, their sexual relationship and their secret marriage. Letters to and from family members in England depict the contrast in living and working conditions between the two countries. The collection includes an assortment of envelopes arranged by method of sealing.

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Barcelona Savings Bank poster collection, approximately 1926-1931

0.2 Linear Feet
Bank founded in Barcelona in 1926 as Caja de Ahorros Provincial de la Diputacion de Barcelona and renamed Caixa d'Estalvis de Catalunya in the 1970s. Collection consists of a scrapbook of 39 reproductions of a poster campaign for the bank. Some posters are identified by theme, such as "Peace" or "Today and Tomorrow". Posters are in Spanish and feature art deco images and the Catalan shield. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection consists of a scrapbook of 39 reproductions of a poster campaign for the bank. Some posters are identified by theme, such as "Peace" or "Today and Tomorrow". Posters are in Spanish and feature art deco images and the Catalan shield. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Bamako (Mali) photographs, circa 2002

0.2 Linear Feet
Collection comprises 23 color photographs (4"x6") of Bamako, Mali, sent to Helene Baumann by a friend in 2002, accompanied by a letter containing descriptive information for each photograph. Baumann was librarian for African and Western European Studies at Duke University, 1988-2006. Includes images of housing conditions; markets, public spaces, monuments, and buildings; and soccer matches.
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Gertrude Williamson Baker Barton papers, 1858-1951

1 Linear Foot — 472 Items

The collection contains correspondence and other papers relating to Mrs. Barton's activities in the Protestant Episcopal Church in her home town of Winchester, Va., and on the state level. There are also letters from her husband, Robert Thomas Barton, lawyer and state politician, discussing political matters in Virginia, the stationing of troops along the Mexican border during Woodrow Wilson's first administration, and Wilson's election campaign of 1916. Other correspondents include Philip Alexander Bruce, Lucian Carr, Robert Atkinson Gibson, and Marie Elizabeth Jeffries Hobart.

An unprocessed addition to the collection contains more correspondence between Gertrude Barton's family members and friends.; and household bills.

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Petra Barth photographs, 2006-2020; 2006-ongoing

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14.0 Linear Feet — 11 boxes — 421 prints — 65.12 Gigabytes — 728 digital files
Collection consists of 421 black-and-white prints in darkroom and inkjet formats, 726 associated digital image and project files, and two digital videos by photographer Petra Barth. Arranged by project, Barth's images document cultures, politics, environments, and crises in countries all over the world, through landscape and portraiture. Series include images from Central and South American countries to the Caribbean countries of Haiti and the Bahamas; portraits of migrants and images of migrant services at Arizona/Mexico border stations; images from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and residents in nearby areas in the Ukraine; scenes in Jerusalem and the West Bank; images of Syrian refugees and others in Jordan camps; and portraits of military veterans of the Bosnia-Herzegovina War. Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

Collection consists of 421 black-and-white prints, darkroom and digital, 726 associated digital image and project files, and two digital videos by photographer Petra Barth. Arranged by project, the photographs document the cultures, politics, environments, and crises in countries all over the world, and her interest in portraiture. Series include The Americas, whose images range from Central and South American countries to Caribbean countries of Haiti and the Bahamas; migrants and migrant services at the Arizona/Mexico border; the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and residents in nearby areas in the Ukraine; scenes in Jerusalem and the West Bank; refugees in Jordan camps; and portraits of military veterans of the Bosnia-Herzegovina War, in the city of Sarajevo. In addition to many portraits of individuals and families, there are also landscapes.

Areas represented in The Americas series include Bolivia; Patagonia, Argentina; the Bahamas; Foz do Iguaçu and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; El Salvador; Guatemala; Martissant, Cité Soleil, and Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Nicaragua; Ciudad del Este, Paraguay; and Cusco, Peru. Includes images of people working, cooking, minding children, participating in local festivals, traveling, and playing. Several portraits feature people in traditional dress. The largest group of images was taken in Haiti, where Barth returned following the 2010 earthquake. These photographs include scenes of people among the rubble in Martissant and Port-au-Prince, as well as some portraits of hospital patients. The Americas series images are arranged alphabetically by country.

The two short digital videos were taken by Barth in South America and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

Acquired as part of the Human Rights Archive at Duke University.

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The Americas (Central America, South America, and Caribbean), 2006-2020; 2006-ongoing

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Series comprises 99 traditional darkroom black-and-white photographs, 127 digital image files, and one digital video (2 mins., 18 secs.) documenting life and culture, and landscapes in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, with a focus on Bolivia.

Digital image files are associated with the Bolivia series, and include TIFs, PSDs, and a PDF contact sheet.

The photographic prints are arranged in series chiefly by country and then by travel dates; they measure approximately 16x20 inches. Areas represented are Patagonia and Argentina; the Bahamas; the Altiplano region of Bolivia; Foz do Iguaçu and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; El Salvador; Guatemala; Martissant, Cité Soleil, and Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Nicaragua; Ciudad del Este, Paraguay; and Cusco, Peru.

Images show people working and farming, cooking, minding children, socializing, parading, traveling, going to market, resting, and playing games. Several portraits feature people in traditional dress.

The largest groups of images are from Bolivia, El Salvador, and Haiti. The Haiti photographs, taken when Barth returned following the 2010 earthquake, include scenes of destroyed buildings, street life, and people among the rubble in the epicenter zone, at Martissant, and in the capital, Port-au-Prince.

The digital video (2 mins., 18 secs.) chiefly shows landscapes in Nicaragua and Honduras, most shot from a moving vehicle, border crossings, and possibly other South American locations.

Baugh and Sons Company photographs and advertisements, 1905-1932

0.5 Linear Feet — 101 items
Producers and distributors of phosphate fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, based in Philadelphia, and Norfolk, Va. Collection includes photographs and advertisements of the Baugh and Sons Company, a chemical distributor associated with Baugh Chemical Company of Baltimore. Topics include offices, factories, products, personnel, and crops. Farm scenes are from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina.

Photographs and advertisements of the Baugh and Sons Company, a chemical distributor associated with Baugh Chemical Company of Baltimore. Topics include offices, factories, products, personnel, and crops. Farm scenes are from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina.

Victor Bassett papers, 1888-1938 and undated

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2.0 Linear Feet — 3 boxes
Physician, health officer, and librarian of the Georgia Medical Society; from Savannah. Collection contains public health information, including correspondence, health and mortality records, biographical information, genealogies, reports, and printed matter relating to the medical history and practice of medicine in Savannah. Also includes manuscript drafts from naturalist Walter J. Hoxie.

Public health information, including correspondence, health and mortality records, biographical information, genealogies, reports, and printed matter. Most of the material relates to Bassett's work in public health and medical professional education efforts for Savannah and Chatham County, Georgia. Some topics addressed are school health examinations, nurses and midwives training, vaccination efforts, and milk pasteurization and licensing. There is also a significant amount of material acquired and assembled by Bassett as part of his role as librarian and medical historian for the Georgia Medical Society, including his research about the history of the medical profession in Savannah and Georgia from the colonial period through the late nineteenth century. Collection includes photoduplicates of original manuscripts and artifacts held in other repositories as well as Bassett's notes and drafts of biographical sketches about prominent Georgia physicians and families. Collection also contains Bassett's extensive lecture notes and laboratory notebooks from his medical training at the University of Wisconsin and University of Pennsylvania. Subjects covered include bacteriology, chemistry, infectious diseases, obstetrics, and gynecology.

Also held in this collection is a series of drafts by author Walter J. Hoxie, a naturalist and Girl Scout pioneer who also wrote columns for the Savannah Morning News and was an apparent family friend of the Bassetts. Most of the drafts appear to be unpublished folk stories or family stories; there are also bird-watching lists.

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Personal materials, 1898-1938, undated

This series contains Bassett's correspondence as well as miscellaneous ephemera and personal materials from his medical training and career. Some of the correspondence predates Bassett, but the majority of it relates to his work as a bacteriologist and health officer in the Savannah Health Department; his efforts to research medical history and biographical data for the Georgia Medical Society; and his participation in various medical and public health professional organizations in the early twentieth century. Additional materials relating specifically to the Savannah Health Department and the Georgia Medical Society are held in those series.

Richard Bausch papers, 1965-1998 and undated

13.5 Linear Feet — 1600 Items

The Richard Bausch Papers, 1965-1998, document the career of the American novelist and short story writer through personal and professional correspondence, manuscripts of published and unpublished works, and printed materials. The Correspondence Series begins in the 1960s with mainly personal letters, but by the 1970s begins to document Bausch's emergent writing career, including mention of his work on early short stories and his acceptance to the Iowa Writers' Workshop. From that point on several prominent American writers and literary figures appear, including frequent correspondence at various times with Charles Baxter, Frederick Busch, Richard Ford, George Garrett, Gordon Lish, William Maxwell, and C.K. Williams; Bausch's agent, Harriet Wasserman; and his twin brother, novelist Robert Bausch. Prominent though less frequent correspondents include Fred Chappell, Alan Gurganus, Barry Hannah, and Jean Thompson. The Writings Series documents the development of Bausch's novels and story collections and consists mainly of typescripts and various stages of proofs. Although most are fair copies or only moderately hand-corrected, the sheer number of versions documents the process of creation. Of special note in this regard are the novels Rebel Powers and Violence. Two smaller series, Printed Materials and Writings by Others, make up the remainder of the collection. Highlights of the latter series include a copy of Bob Balaban's screenplay for the Bausch novel, The Last Good Time, and typescripts of several early stories by Gurganus dating from the 1970s.

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Bill Bamberger photographs, 1992-1997

4 Linear Feet — 1722 Items

Collection consists of original black and white prints (thirty-nine 11x14's and one 8x10) and original color prints (thirty-one 11x14's) taken by Bamberger documenting the closing of the White Furniture Company of Mebane, N.C. These are the original prints used in the production of the book Closing: The Life and Death of an American Factory (1998) by Bamberger and Cathy N. Davidson. There are also proofs, primarily 3x5 machine proofs and 8x10 proofs of images selected as firsts, alternates, and seconds for the book; and related materials. Also included is a dummy of the book.

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Hiram Barker papers, 1857-1895

3 Linear Feet — 1880 Items
Prominent businessman and banker from Farmington, New Hampshire; established and managed multiple business investments in New Hampshire, the Dakota Territory, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and Minnesota in the late 19th century. Collection consists chiefly of business correspondence dating from circa 1871-1886, almost all directed to Hiram Barker in New Hampshire, although in some cases Barker was the author. Correspondents include managers of Barker's businesses and investments in the Western territories and states of Dakota, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and Minnesota, and other firms with whom Barker did business. Topics revolve around business matters and trends in New Hampshire, the Western states and territories, including but not limited to real estate loans and investments, land investments, banking and loans, financial difficulties such as loan defaults, and ranching or farming in the Western states listed above. A smaller group of letters concern personal and family matters of both the Barker and Hayes family, into which Barker had married. Arranged by state in alphabetical order.

Collection consists chiefly of business correspondence dating from circa 1871-1886, almost all directed to Hiram Barker in New Hampshire, although in some cases Barker was the author. Correspondents include managers of Barker's businesses and investments in the Western territories and states of Dakota, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and Minnesota, and other firms with whom Barker did business. Topics revolve around business matters and trends in New Hampshire, the Western states and territories, including but not limited to real estate loans and investments, land investments, banking and loans, financial difficulties such as loan defaults, and ranching or farming in the Western states listed above. Businesses mentioned include the Central Bank of Kansas, the Citizens Bank in Iowa, Topeka Loan and Investment Company in Kansas, and the Eclipse Milling Company in Minnesota. There are also business papers relating to Florida, including land investments in 1885, some of which involve the governor of Florida and New Hampshire native George Franklin Drew, who may have also witnessed the will of Reuben Hayes for which Barker was an executor. A small group of letters concern personal and family matters of both the Barker and Hayes family, into which Barker had married. A set of folders marked in the last box marked Miscellany contain chiefly business receipts and unidentified letters dating from 1857-1895. Arranged by state in alphabetical order.

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Robert Bausch papers, ca. 1968-1999

4.9 Linear Feet — 3408 Items

This collection documents the professional and creative life of writer and teacher Robert Bausch. Materials include handwritten, typed, and electronic (computerized) drafts of published and unpublished novels and essays, including The Gypsy Man, On the Way Home, Almighty Me, For God's Sake, and A Hole in the Earth; galleys and corrected proofs of his published novels; incoming andoutgoing correspondence--including copies of electronic mail--with writers, editors, readers,students, and family; a few typescripts of works by others; book and movie contracts and royalty statements; andaudiocassette tapes of Bausch's class discussions and readings by authorsGeorge Garrett, Bausch, and Bausch's twin brother Richard Bausch.

(15 tapes) (2500 manuscript items) (31 disks) (893 computer files)

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Correspondence and writings

Box 1

Includes personal and professional correspondence; book reviews of Bausch's work; essays and short stories; Life Thus Far, a published autobiography; and drafts and proofs of thenovels The Gypsy Man, On the Way Home, and Almighty Me.

[31 computer disks were removed from this box and migrated to the electronic records server.]

European tourist travel negatives, between 1910-1915

36 items — 1 box — 34 nitrate negatives; 2 original processing envelopes — 3 5/8 x 4 7/8 inches
This early 20th century collection of 34 nitrate sheet negatives features black-and-white travel images taken mainly in European cities. Subjects chiefly focus on popular tourist landmarks such as gardens, parks, bridges, buildings, and statuary. The travelers seem to be all women and at least one young child. Locations identified by library staff include Paris and Bruges, but other locations are unidentified, as are the photographer and subjects. It is assumed that some locations are in London or England, as one of two commercial photograph processing envelopes from the London firm Selfridge's accompanying the negatives is marked "English trip 1913." The negatives are sized 3 5/8 x 4 7/8 inches.

This early 20th century collection of 34 nitrate sheet negatives features black-and-white tourist travel images mainly taken in European cities sometime between 1910-1915. Subjects chiefly focus on landmarks such as gardens, parks, bridges, buildings, and statuary. The travelers seem to include women and at least one young child. Identified cities include Paris and Bruges, but other locations are uncertain, as are the identities of the photographer and subjects. Two commercial photographic processing envelopes are from the London firm Selfridge's; one is marked "English trip, 1913." The negatives are sized 3 5/8 x 4 7/8 inches.

The dating is taken in part from the 1913 date on the processing envelope and from a billboard advertising a musical being staged in Paris.

Forms part of the Lisa Unger Baskin Collection, acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

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Jane L. Berdes papers, 1525-1993

79.5 Linear Feet — 46,000 Items

The Jane L. Berdes Collection (1525-1993) has as its focal points the four Venetian welfare institutions known as the Ospedali Grandi and their role as providers of musical training for girls and women. The inclusive dates for the collection begin with the dates of primary materials Berdes collected and extend through her lifetime. The collection consists primarily of Berdes's research notes and materials on the Ospedali Grandi, and photocopies or microfilms of primary sources, including musical scores in manuscript and printed editions. It also contains correspondence, photographs, recordings and printed materials. Berdes identified the maestri of the Ospedali Grandi, the music performed, and the names of over 800 women who were members of the cori , but relatively little is known about them individually with the exception of Maddalena Lombardini Sirmen. In addition, the collection features general materials pertaining to other women in music throughout history. The user is advised that some photocopies are unattributed and, where Berdes did not indicate composer or author, no attempt has been made to provide one. The archive contains very few of Berdes's personal papers.

The bulk of the collection is found in the Research Notes and Materials Series, which contains information gathered in preparation for her books on the Ospedali Grandi and Maddalena Lombardini Sirmen (MLS). The heart of this series is the Ospedali Grandi data designated as "Raw Materials," which contains information culled from primary sources and arranged by subject. Most subseries provide documentation for Raw Materials, including copies of primary and secondary sources, pictures of instruments and iconography, and a bibliography. Similar materials pertaining to Sirmen are here also, as is general information about women in music.

The Music Series contains manuscripts and early printed editions of music performed at the Ospedali Grandi in the form of photocopies or microfilms (printed scores in modern edition are grouped with Printed Materials). There is particular emphasis on the compositions of Sirmen, including some recordings of her music. Works by Bertoni, Galuppi, Hasse, Jommelli, Vivaldi and others are grouped alphabetically by composer. The Correspondence Series contains both general professional correspondence and "Thesis Correspondence," that is letters from other scholars, libraries, archives, museums, and churches in Italian, French and English concerning the Ospedali Grandi and Sirmen. The Miscellaneous Series includes Berdes's other publications on both musical and nonmusical subjects, music criticism, course notes from classes she taught or attended, and memorabilia from her years at Oxford University. A selection of pertinent reference books from Berdes's library is found in the Printed Material Series, as are some libretti, and musical scores by Vivaldi in modern edition.

The user is advised to consult Box #1 for an introduction to the contents of the collection. It contains a copy of Berdes's book Women Musicians in Venice: Musical Foundations, 1525-1855; two copies of her dissertation, entitled Musical Life at the Four Ospedali Grandi, 1525-1855; two binders described by the donor as "the road map to the collection" and a videotaped review of its contents prepared by Berdes.

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Sacvan Bercovitch papers, 1940-2011

36 Linear Feet — Approx. 26,000 Items

Collection contains research notes, manuscripts on paper and floppy diskettes, and correspondence relating to the serial Cambridge History of American Literature, of which Bercovitch is general editor. Research notes chiefly relate to Bercovitch's work on colonial American literature and religion, particularly on the Puritans in New England, and American humor. Also includes drafts with corrections of "A Cultural Model of Literary Studies," and "Literary Context," both by Bercovitch. Another set of files consists of writings by others, curriculum vitae, and more correspondence pertaining to the Cambridge serial. Some correspondence and articles date from the 1940s and 1950s and were written by Bryna Bercovitch in Yiddish; English translations included. There are also some research materials and correspondence concerning Yiddish literature. Part of the Jay B. Hubbell Center for Literary Historiography.

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Sacvan Bercovitch papers, 1940s-1999 8 boxes

Research notes, manuscripts on paper and floppy diskettes, and some correspondence relating to the serial Cambridge History of American Literature, of which Bercovitch is general editor. Research notes chiefly relate to Bercovitch's work on colonial American literature and religion, particularly on the Puritans in New England, and American humor. Also includes drafts with corrections of A Cultural Model of Literary Studies, and Literary Context, both by Bercovitch. Another set of files consists of writings by others, curriculum vitae, and more correspondence pertaining to the Cambridge serial. Some correspondence and articles date from the 1940s and 1950s and were written by Bryna Bercovitch in Yiddish; English translations included. Some later correspondence is comprised of email printed out. There is also material documenting his work as an English professor at Harvard, such as student correspondence and papers, and material regarding Yiddish literature.

John Beloff papers, 1963-2001

26 Linear Feet — 19,050 Items

Collection (acc.#s 92-098, 95-096, 99-337) (17,150 items, 23 linear feet; dated 1963-1999) contains correspondence, research materials, unpublished papers, other manuscripts, files relating to professional associations and journals, printed matter, and talks reflecting Beloff's work in the field of parapsychology. These items reflect Dr. Beloff's connections with parapsychologists throughout the world, including North America, Latin America, Europe, and Asia, including J.B. Rhine. Container lists have not been created for accessions from 1992 and 1995.

The addition (acc# 2002-0245) (1900 items, 3 linear feet; dated [1980s]-2001) consists primarily of correspondence files, reflecting Dr. Beloff's connections with parapsychologists throughout the world ([1980s]-2001). Also includes some manuscripts of articles/papers.

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Bemis Lumber Company records, 1927-1941

27.5 Linear Feet — 1500 Items
Bemis was originally incorporated in the State of Delaware on April 16, 1926 and succeeded by the Bemis Hardwood Lumber Company, a North Carolina Corporation, incorporated January 1, 1937. Collection houses correspondence and financial records of the Bemis Lumber Company.

The Bemis Lumber Company Records span the dates 1927-1941, and document through correspondence files and other records the early decades of this large company's activities. Through these records, aspects of lumber milling, indutrial railroads and shipping, and the lumber trade in Graham County, western North Carolina, and the effects of the Depression on workers and their local communities, including Robbinsville, are recorded in varying degrees of detail. Topics covered in the correspondence, chiefly sent to officials of the company from other companies, organizations, and company workers, include but are not limited to: insurance coverage, tax issues, worker safety and accidents, unemployment, parts and equipment, and government regulations, particularly for shipping and railroad operations. There are a significant number of letters from unemployed laborers looking for positions. There are references to logging in other states as well. Other company records come in the form of financial ledgers, banking records, personnel records, coupon books for employees (perhaps to purchase goods at the company store), accident reports, inspection reports, insurance policies, receipts, real estate and earnings reports, railroad records for the shortline owned by Bemis, and bills of lading.

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William Bell photographs, 1872

1.6 Linear Feet — 16 Items
William Bell was a photographer from Philadelphia. He was employed in 1872 by the U.S. Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, a United States Army survey team. Collection includes sixteen gold-toned albumen prints, printed from negatives made by William Bell on the Wheeler Expedition of 1872. Fourteen photographs are from Arizona, two from Utah. Primary subjects include landscapes of the Grand Canyon and Colorado River. Some of Bell's photographs from this expedition were used for prints in George M. Wheeler's Report Upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian...(Washington: GPO, 1875-1889). In the field Bell prepared his own dry-plate negatives, a photographic process somewhat uncharacteristic for his time. he This process allowed him to store prepared plates longer than his contemporaries, who used wet plates, but would have also increased the exposure times for his plates.

This collection includes sixteen gold-toned, albumen prints, printed from negatives made by William Bell while on the Wheeler Expedition of 1872. Fourteen photographs are from Arizona, and two are from Utah. The primary subjects of this collection are picturesque landscapes made of the Grand Canyon and Colorado River. Some of Bell's photographs from this expedition were used for prints in George M. Wheeler's Report Upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian...(Washington: GPO, 1875-1889). This collection is composed of one series entitled the Wheeler Expedition of 1872 Series.

The government included photographers on western expeditions to make a visual record of the landscape and its inhabitants. The photographs created during these expeditions served to create maps used to plan for the construction of roads and railways; locate natural resources; facilitate future military operations; as well as to collect ethnographic information on and locate Indian tribes. Perhaps most importantly, the commanders of western expeditions used the resulting photographs as a public relations tool to gain support for future expeditions, and to record geological information, the study of which had become a popular science during the period. By the time of their completion, the surveys had explored much of the region between the Great Plains and the Pacific Coast. This recording made Bell and the other western expeditionary photographers some of the earliest participants in America's tradition of documentary photography.

While in the field, Bell utilized a photographic process somewhat uncharacteristic for his time; he prepared his own dry-plate negatives. This process allowed him to store prepared plates longer than his contemporaries, who used wet plates, but would have also increased the exposure times for his plates.

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Benson-Thompson Family papers, 1803-1936

3 Linear Feet — 864 Items
Recorded earlier as the Benson Family Papers. Includes materials from the related families of Elias Benson, physician, of Marion Co., Alabama, and John Ford Thompson, officer of the Alabama Militia. The families emigrated from Greenvilee and Spartanburg counties, S.C., to Alabama in the early 1800s. Personal correspondence and business papers of the Benson, Thompson, and Moore families who migrated from Greenville County and Spartanburg County, South Carolina, to Alabama. Correspondence between the groups in South Carolina and Alabama is concerned for the most part with family matters. However, political events are occasionally discussed, and a number of letters, 1836-1840, deal with the Alabama militia. The collection includes letters reflecting conditions in Alabama during the Civil War; several items on medical education at the University of Louisiana (Tulane University), 1866-1868; and records of the Marion (Alabama) Grange, No. 95, 1873-1876.

This collection is arranged into 5 series, based on format: Printed Matter and Volumes, Bills and Receipts, Legal Papers, Miscellany, and Letters and Correspondence. Each of these series is arranged chronologically.

Dr. Elias Benson (1788-1843) was a native of Spartanburg District, S. Carolina, from which he and two brothers, Abner (d. 1836) and Nimrod Earle (1794-1854), moved to Alabama early in the 1800s. Another brother, Williss, remained in South Carolina. Elias Benson was at Marion at least by 1821 when the first letter of the collection is addressed to him there. A biographical sketch of Nimrod Earle Benson appears in Thomas McAdory Owen's History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography (Chicago, 1921).

The correspondence and other papers of the 1820s and 1830s are especially extensive for Elias Benson and his relatives in Alabama and South Carolina. Elias and Abner Benson have numerous letters, and Williss and Nimrod Earle Benson are also represented, especially in the 1830s. The correspondence usually concerns personal and business matters, but several notable exceptions relate to politics in South Carolina and a manufacturer and politicians in Alabama. On Dec. 5, 1831, Andrew Barry Moore (d. 1847 or 1848), cousin of Gov. Andrew Barry Moore of Ala., writes from South Carolina about the nullification controversy and the agitation throughout the state by the Free Trade Association. On July 23, 1832, Abner Benson is in South Carolina where he comments on the political battle between nullifiers and their opponents. Later on Jan. 15, 1835, Thomas N. Dawkins comments from Union Court House on the discord among the nullifiers in his county. He notes a general approval of the late compromise but expects the old party divisions to continue. On Oct. 2, 1838, Williss Benson of Greenville District, S.C., describes the circumstances of the shooting of Richardson Earle by William Lowndes Yancey who was then living near Greenville. A number of other letters are from either Greenville or Spartanburg. On Oct. 10, 1829, Nimrod E. Benson writes about a young attorney who is a candidate for circuit solicitor. This attorney, George Thomas Goldthwaite, later served as Chief Justice of Alabama and U.S. Senator.

The Bensons were closely related to the family of Gov. Andrew Barry Moore. He was a nephew of General Thomas Moore, whose daughter Patsy married a Benson; this is indicated by his will. Family letters indicate that Patsy was the wife of Dr. Elias Benson. The early Moore family correspondence represents part of the family in the Spartansburg District, S.C., and is scattered from about 1827 into the mid-1830s. The most frequent correspondent is Andrew Barry Moore, cousin of Gov. Moore of Alabama. Benson and Moore letters of the 1820s concern the settlement of the estate of General Thomas Moore (1759-1822), father of A.B. Moore of S.C. and Mrs. Benson. Gov. Moore was a principal official of the Marion Steam Mill Company when it was organized in Sept. 1836; a copy of its preliminary articles of association is filed with the Legal Papers.

John Ford Thompson married Mary Eleanor Benson, daughter of Elias Benson. He lived at or near Greenville, S.C., prior to his migration to Perry County. Letters are addressed to him and his mother at Greenville in the 1820s. He and a brother were educated at Greenville College in Tennessee during the mid-1820s. By at least the mid-1830s he was in Alabama. He engaged in farming, surveying, and business. From 1836-1840, Thomas was Brigadier General in command of the 14th Brigade of the Alabama Militia. He died in the early 1850s.

Thompson has letters and business and legal papers throughout the first half of the 1800s, and they become numerous by the late 1830s. Various members of the Thompson family are represented. The most significant part of his letters concerns the Alabama Militia. He was commissioned Brigadier General of the 14th Brigade on Oct. 17, 1836. Thompson held this position until his resignation was accepted by Gov. Arthur P. Bagby on Sept. 26, 1840. During 1836-1840 the correspondence relates to various aspects of the militia and includes letters from a number of superior and subordinate officers. Topics include the militia code, militia organization, its effectiveness, finances, encampments, and future development.

During August 1849 and 1850, John F. Thompson visited Talladega Springs because of his bad health. He comments on the accommodations and the company at this resort.

On June 9, 1846, Thomas Benson discusses the raising of volunteer companies in Perry County for the Mexican War.

Although there are only a few scattered soldiers' letters, the Civil War is well represented on the home front by the letters of Mrs. John F. Thompson. Letters are numerous for the early years and scarce later on. Mary Eleanor (Benson) Thompson writes to two sons and a brother, and her letters are interesting for their descriptions of wartime Marion. Her reaction to the secession crisis of 1860-1861 appears in letters to son Elias at the University of Alabama.

The Thompsons attended St. Wilfred's Episcopal Church at Marion, and Mrs. Thompson's letters have comments upon it and the rector and bishop between 1859 and 1863.

The young Bensons and Thompsons were educated at various colleges and universities which are represented in this collection. During 1823-1826, John F. Thompson and his brother, Beverly J. Thompson, attended Greeneville College in Greeneville, TN. Among the correspondence from this period are letters from their fellow students and the college president. There is also an itemized account of their school expenses. In the 1840s, Thomas Benson with to the University of Nashville, and correspondence from that period reveals tuition charges, political engagement on campus, and public events he attended. Elias Benson Thompson, son of John F. Thompson, graduated from the University of Alabama in 1861. During 1859-1861 he wrote several letters, and his career is reflected in an extensive series of letters from his mother at Marion. Reach to the secession crisis is often expressed in these letters. After the Civil War, Elias Thompson studied medicine, which he later practiced at Marion. His medical degree was from the University of Louisiana at New Orleans. Elias wrote several letters from medical school in the 1866-1868 period, commenting on the Medical Dept. and its professors.

The correspondence is not extensive after the 1860s, and consists of letters from various members of the family. Robert Benson Evins, grandson of John F. Thompson and a lawyer and legislator, has some personal and family letters in the later decades. Elias B. Thompson was an officer of Marion Grange, No. 95, of the Patrons of Husbandry. The collection's Miscellany includes records of the Marion Grange, 1873-1876, with quarterly reports and accounts from the period.

John F. Thompson's diary dates from Jan. 1-Dec. 19, 1841, and includes a few entries for Oct. 1844-Jan. 1845. It is a detailed account of his activities and includes references to many people in the community.

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Printed Matter and Volumes, 1840s-1910s

Box 3

Two folders: Printed Matter and John Ford Thompson Diary, 1841, 1844-1845. Box also contains 7 loose items: a fragile daybook/account book from 1836-1847; yearbook programs from the Inter Se Circle of Marion, Alabama; cashbook of John Ford Thompson (1840s); constitution of Carlisle Fortnightly Club (1907).

Bryant Bennett papers, 1767-1902, bulk 1840-1875

2 Linear Feet
Bryant Bennett was a merchant and planter residing in Williamston, North Carolina (in Martin County). This collection contains correspondence and papers of Bryant Bennett and of his family. Included are mercantile accounts of the firms of Bennett and Hyman in Williamston, N.C. and of Bennett and Price in Hamilton (both places in Martin County), school letters from a normal school in Oxford, North Carolina, deeds, promissory notes, receipts for land sold for taxes, plantation account books containing household and farm accounts, lists of slaves and supplies issued to them, business records dealing with the marketing of cotton at Norfolk, Virginia, agricultural treatises by one S. W. Outterbridge of Martin County, and letters to Bennett after he had moved to Plymouth, North Carolina, in 1869.

This collection contains correspondence and papers of Bryant Bennett and of his family. Included are mercantile accounts of the firms of Bennett and Hyman in Williamston and of Bennett and Price in Hamilton (both places in Martin County), school letters from a normal school in Oxford, North Carolina, deeds, promissory notes, receipts for land sold for taxes, plantation account books containing household and farm accounts, lists of slaves and supplies issued to them, business records dealing with the marketing of cotton at Norfolk, Virginia, agricultural treatises by one S. W. Outterbridge of Martin County, and letters to Bennett after he had moved to Plymouth, North Carolina, in 1869.

Please note that all folder and item titles in this collection guide have been taken from card catalogs and other inventories created in the early 20th Century.

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Beloved Community Center records, 2002-2013

0.25 Linear Feet
Printed materials including reports, event programs, newsletters, and brochures published by the Beloved Community Center between 2002-2013. Topics include local governance, the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the Greensboro Police Department. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

The Beloved Community Center is a community-based, grassroots organization dedicated to social activism, advocacy, and uplift in the Greensboro, NC area. The collection comprises printed materials, including reports, event programs, newsletters, and brochures published by the Beloved Community Center between 2002-2013. Topics include local governance, the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the Greensboro Police Department. Reports include: "A Decade of Building a Spirit of Beloved Community" and "Our Democratic Mission: Transitioning the Greensboro Police Department from Double Standards and Corruption to Accountability and Professionalism." Newsletters and brochures included are: "Towards a New Democratic Conversation: Connecting Mass Movements to Building Local People Power and Governance," "Celebrating 20 Years: A New Era for Greensboro and the Nation," "The Democracy Road: Toward a More Racially Just City, A Sustainable Economy, Good Jobs for All, and Relevant, Equitable Education." Also included is the event program for the "Swearing in and Seating of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission." Reports include: "A Decade of Building a Spirit of Beloved Community" and "Our Democratic Mission: Transitioning the Greensboro Police Department from Double Standards and Corruption to Accountability and Professionalism." Newsletters and brochures included are: "Towards a New Democratic Conversation: Connecting Mass Movements to Building Local People Power and Governance," "Celebrating 20 Years: A New Era for Greensboro and the Nation," "The Democracy Road: Toward a More racially Just City, A Sustainable Economy, Good Jobs for All, and Relevant, Equitable Education." Also included is the event program for the "Swearing in and Seating of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission."

Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.

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Mary A. Bell papers, 1846-1923

0.5 Linear Feet — 125 Items
Mary Bell's husband, C. C. Bell, was a soldier in the 16th Georgia Infantry during the Civil War. Family letters with typescripts. Many were written by C.C. Bell while in Civil War military camps in Tennessee and Georgia.

The collection consists of family letters with typescripts. Many were written by C.C. Bell while in Civil War military camps in Tennessee and Georgia.

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John R. Blaney papers, 1953-2001 and undated

15.0 Linear Feet
Advertising executive who worked for the Ogilvy & Mather agency in New York and London. Collection includes correspondence, financial and research reports, client and new business presentations, speeches, policy manuals, booklets and other printed materials, as well as videocassettes and print advertisements that document Blaney's work in client services, staff training and general management at Ogilvy & Mather. Companies represented include American Express, Chesebrough-Pond's, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Shell, SmithKline Beecham and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes correspondence, financial and research reports, client and new business presentations, speeches, policy manuals, booklets and other printed materials, as well as videocassettes and print advertisements that document Blaney's work in client services, staff training and general management at Ogilvy & Mather. Companies represented include American Express, Chesebrough-Pond's, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Shell, SmithKline Beecham and Unilever. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Michael Francis Blake photographs, circa 1912-1934

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1.0 Linear Foot — 3 boxes — 243 items
Michael Francis Blake was one of Charleston, South Carolina's first African American studio photographers. Collection consists of 118 photographs, mostly studio portraits taken by Michael Francis Blake from about 1912 to 1934, with some outdoor settings. There is also a full set of copy prints. The great majority of the subjects appear to be African American; however, there are also individuals who are multi-racial, and possibly white and Asian. Formats comprise 91 photographic postcards and 28 black-and-white prints, many on card mounts but some in the form of more casual snapshots; there are also eight copy negatives. A few of the photographs may be taken by others. Thirty-six individuals in the photographs have been identified, including a portrait of the photographer. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture at Duke University.

Collection consists of 118 photographs of men, women, and children as single individuals, family groups, and other group shots. There is also a full set of copy prints (preferred for access) and eight copy negatives. The great majority of the subjects appear to be African American; however, there are individuals who are multi-racial, and possibly white and Asian. The photographs were taken by Michael Francis Blake, an African American photographer from Charleston, South Carolina, from about 1912 to 1934, mostly in his studio at 384 West Sumter Street. There are a few that may have been taken by another indiviual. Some of the photographs are stamped with Blake's name and studio addresses.

The majority of the photographs were originally housed in a photograph album entitled "Portraits of Members," also included in the collection, but have been rehoused for preservation purposes. Ninety-one of the photos are photographic postcards and the others are either mounted photographs or snapshots. The predominant style is the formal studio portrait, standing or seated. There are also some informal snapshots that may or may not have been taken by Blake. Some portraits were taken outdoors in front of a backdrop with props such as rugs, chairs and plants to recreate a studio setting. Others were taken on the street; the location of photograph #28 has been identified as just outside of Blake's studio. Some have what appear to be shopping lists and other notations written on the backs, and a few have names, ages, and street addresses, presumably of the sitter or their household.

Through existing captions and public input, thirty-six individuals in the photographs have been identified, including the photographer, Michael Francis Blake, who appears in one portrait.

Each original print has been assigned a unique institutional identifier. All but one have been digitized and are available online through the Duke Digital Collections website.

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Original photographs, circa 1912-1934 .25 Linear Feet — 1 box — 118 prints

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Series consists of one box of 118 original photographic prints, many of them photographic poscards with the rest mounted on cardstock. Most have been are stamped or have been otherwise identified as produced by Michael Francis Blake's photography studio in Charleston, South Carolina. Dates are approximate unless marked on the photograph. In some cases, the studio address reveals the time period. All measurements are in inches.

Copy prints are available in box 2 and are the preferred format for access to avoid overuse of the originals.

Additionally, the original prints have been digitized and are available on the Duke Libraries Digital Collections website.

Arthur I. Bloomfield papers, 1927-1995 and undated

12 Linear Feet — Approximately 7200 items
The papers of university professor and economist Arthur Bloomfield consist chiefly of research files from his job as economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1941-1958, professional and academic correspondence received or written from 1931 to 1995, research notes on various topics in international finance, notes for his university classes on the history of economic thought, and research files on the pre-1914 gold standard. The papers document Bloomfield's career as economist and professor of economics, with special emphasis on his work as economic consultant for the United States federal government, particularly for the New York Federal Reserve Bank, and for the governments of post-World War II South Korea and Indochina. His chief areas of research activity focused on international banking, evaluating foreign aid programs, the pre-1914 gold standard, and economic development in the U.K. and British Commonwealth countries (including the British West Indies), and economy and banking in Malaysia, the Congo, and Zaire. Substantial materials on the history of economic thought can be found in Bloomfield's teaching files.

The papers of university professor and economist Arthur Bloomfield span the period from 1927 to 1995. They consist chiefly of research files from his job as economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1941-1958, professional and academic correspondence received or written from 1931 to 1995, research notes on various topics in international finance, notes for his university classes on the history of economic thought, and research files on the pre-1914 gold standard. The papers document Bloomfield's career as economist and professor of economics, with special emphasis on his work as economic consultant for the United States federal government, particularly for the New York Federal Reserve Bank, and for the governments of post-World War II South Korea and Indochina. His chief areas of research activity focused on international banking, evaluating foreign aid programs, the pre-1914 gold standard, and economic development in the U.K. and British Commonwealth countries (including the British West Indies), and economy and banking in Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, the Congo, and Zaire. Substantial materials on the history of economic thought can be found in Bloomfield's teaching files. The collection is comprised of six series: Correspondence Series, Incoming and Outgoing; Federal Reserve Bank of New York Series; Pre-1914 Gold Standard Series; History of Economic Thought Series; Research Files Series; and Miscellaneous Series.

The Correspondence Series, Incoming and Outgoing, contains letters received or written by Bloomfield over the period 1931 to 1995. Arranged in folders chronologically, this substantive collection of letters lends insight into Bloomfield's professional and academic life.

The Federal Reserve Bank of New York Series contains material pertaining to Bloomfield's first career, spanning 17 years, as an economist at the New York Federal Reserve Bank. For that position he wrote a number of research memoranda and in-house articles on a wide range of international finance topics. Before World War II he wrote mostly on economic developments in the U.K. and British Commonwealth countries, but after the war his research memoranda involved a broader range of topics.

The Pre-1914 Gold Standard Series contains research notes for an intended book on the functioning of the international gold standard, 1880-1914. Bloomfield embarked on a year-long research trip to Europe in 1957 on a Rockefeller grant, visiting twelve European central banks, including the Bank of England where he spent over six months. In the end, he did not complete the book, but did write three substantial monographs from his notes: Monetary Policy under the International Gold Standard, 1880-1914 (Fed. Reserve Bank NY, 1959); Short-term Capital Movements under the Pre-1914 Gold Standard (Princeton Univ. Press, 1963); and Patterns of Fluctuation in International Investment before 1914 (Princeton Univ. Press, 1968). Although these books are not in the collection, this series contains one file folder for many countries or geographical areas, including: Switzerland, U.S.A., Sweden, Norway, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Egypt, France, Canada, U.K., Japan, Germany, Finland, Denmark, Russia, Belgium, Netherlands, Austria, and Hungary.

The History of Economic Thought Series is an extensive collection of files on diverse topics in the history of economic thought. After 1974 Bloomfield's research became increasingly devoted to the history of economic thought, and he taught both graduate and undergraduate level classes on the subject at the University of Pennsylvania.

The Research Files Series contains research notes associated with various overseas assignments and trips. Over the period 1949-1984, Bloomfield made numerous trips to developing countries as a consultant, in some cases helping to establish the Central Bank (e.g. South Korea), or in other cases evaluating foreign aid programs to those areas (e.g. Indochina). In addition to notes made in preparation for, and during, these assignments, this series also contains notes for several articles (published and unpublished), speeches, and conferences.

The bulk of the Miscellaneous Series consists of papers from Bloomfield's undergraduate days at McGill University, including one paper written in 1937 for Frank Knight's ECO 305 class at the University of Chicago, titled "Thorstein Veblen and his Analysis of Business Enterprise."

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Gertrude Duby Blom exhibit photographs, 1941-2004 and undated

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9 Linear Feet — Approx. 420 items
Gertrude Duby Blom (1901-1993) was a Swiss-born journalist, anthropologist, and environmental activist who documented the cultures of indigenous Mayan people in the jungle highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. Collection comprises 71 black-and-white exhibit prints featuring images taken by Gertrude Duby Blom between 1941 and 1979 in the highland jungles and towns of the state of Chiapas, Mexico. The photographs were printed in 1982 by Barry Norris, Blom's close friend and collaborator, for a traveling exhibition that opened in 1984 in New York City. The landscapes and portraits depict the cultural and ecological environments inhabited by individuals and groups of indigenous Maya, predominantly the Lacandon; there are also images of Latino immigrants to the region, chiefly lumber industry workers and their families, and other townspeople in San Cristobal. Scenes from camps and towns portray mealtimes, hunting and gathering expeditions, agricultural customs, religious ceremonies, folk Catholicism and its rituals, classrooms, medical clinics, and street scenes. Later images attest to the destruction of native ecosystems and the rapidly changing culture of the indigenous peoples. The matted gelatin silver prints vary in size from 11x14 to 22x22 inches; there is also one 26x26 inch matted print. Accompanying the photographs are project correspondence, notes, publicity, and other materials (1983-20043) documenting the collaboration between Alex Harris, documentary photographer from the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University, and individuals in Mexico and the U.S., which resulted in a major exhibit, "People of the forest: photographs of the Maya by Getrude Blom," launched in 1984, and the publication of "Gertrude Blom: bearing witness" (1984). Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Collection comprises 71 black-and-white exhibit prints featuring images taken by anthropologist, activist, and journalist Gertrude Duby Blom between 1941 and 1979 in the highland jungles and towns of the state of Chiapas, Mexico. The photographs were printed in 1982 by Barry Norris, Blom's close friend and collaborator, for a major exhibition of her work that opened in 1984 in New York City.

The landscapes and portraits taken by Blom depict the cultural and ecological environments inhabited by indigenous Maya, predominantly the Lacandon, but also neighboring Tzotzil and Tzeltal; there are also images of Latino immigrants to the region, chiefly lumber industry workers and their families, and other townspeople in San Cristobal. Scenes from camps and towns portray mealtimes, hunting and gathering expeditions, agricultural customs, religious ceremonies, folk Catholicism and its rituals, classrooms, medical clinics, and street scenes. Later images attest to the destruction of native ecosystems and the rapidly changing culture of the indigenous peoples. The matted gelatin silver prints vary in size from 11x14 to 22x22 inches; there is also one 26x26 inch matted print.

Accompanying the photographs are files of project correspondence, notes, publicity, and other materials (1983-2004) documenting the collaboration between Alex Harris, documentary photographer of the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University, and individuals in Mexico and the U.S., which resulted in a major international traveling exhibit, "People of the forest: photographs of the Maya by Getrude Blom," launched in 1984, and the publication of a book of essays and images, "Gertrude Blom: bearing witness" (1984), edited by Alex Harris and Margaret Sartor.

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

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Exhibit Prints, 1941-1982 7 boxes

Series of 71 exhibit prints of black-and-white images taken by Gertrude Duby Blom between 1941 and 1982 in the highland jungles and towns of Chiapas, Mexico. The photographs were printed in 1982 by Barry Norris, Blom's close friend and collaborator since 1977. The matted prints are arranged in groups by size, from 11x14 to 22x22 inches (mat sizes), accompanied by a larger matted print measuring 26x26 inches. Within size groups, prints are arranged by year. Captions are taken from original text printed on the mats beneath each image.

Victor G. Bloede papers, 1952-1983 and undated

1 Linear Foot — 700 Items
Victor Bloede (1920-1999) was an advertising executive who served as President and Chief Executive Officer (1968-1974), and Chairman (1971-1983), of the Benton & Bowles agency. He retired in 1983. The Victor Bloede Papers span the years 1952-1983, with the bulk spanning 1962-1983, and consist primarily of speeches given during Bloede's tenure as President, then Chairman, of Benton & Bowles (B&B), as well as speeches delivered during 1973 when Bloede served as Chairman of the American Association of Advertising Agencies (AAAA or 4-A's). Also included are a portion of the autobiography of Atherton Hobler, one of the co-founders of B&B, and correspondence relating to the anticommunist newsletter Counterattack. Topics included in the speeches include corporate finances and budget performance, television commericials, advertising effectiveness, management and business ethics. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

The Victor Bloede Papers span the years 1952-1983, with the bulk spanning 1962-1983, and consist primarily of speeches given during Bloede's tenure as President, then Chairman, of Benton & Bowles (B&B), as well as speeches delivered during 1973 when Bloede served as Chairman of the American Association of Advertising Agencies (AAAA or 4-A's). Also included are a portion of the autobiography of Atherton Hobler, one of the co-founders of B&B, and correspondence relating to the anticommunist newsletter Counterattack. Topics included in the speeches include corporate finances and budget performance, television commericials, advertising effectiveness, management and business ethics.

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Nancy Blood papers, 1967-1977

1.5 Linear Feet — 750 items
Nancy Blood is a retired Durham County Public Libraries librarian and is also a feminist and LGBT rights activist. Accession (2009-0101) (1.5 lin. ft.; dated 1967-1977 and undated) consists of a subject file of printed materials discussing women's health, employment, art, feminism, academics, law, motherhood, etc. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

Accession (2009-0101) (1.5 lin. ft.; dated 1967-1977 and undated) consists of a subject file of printed materials discussing women's health, employment, art, feminism, academics, law, motherhood, etc. Acquired as part of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture.

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Subject Files 1 box

Accession (2009-0101) (1.5 lin. ft.; dated 1967-1977 and undated) consists of a subject file of printed materials discussing women's health, employment, art, feminism, academics, law, motherhood, etc.

Bloom Store daybooks and ledger, 1909-1910, 1922-1923

1.3 Linear Feet
The Bloom Store daybooks and ledger consist of three financial volumes kept at the general store that Jewish merchant Max Bloom (1879-1951) operated from 1919 to 1924 in Whitakers, Edgecombe County and Nash County, North Carolina. Materials dating before 1919 may detail customer transactions that Bloom made through a different business venture or transactions that occurred at the store under prior ownership.

This collection consists of two daybooks and one ledger kept at the general store that Max Bloom operated from 1919 to 1924 in Whitakers, Edgecombe County and Nash County, North Carolina. The daybooks were used to record day-to-day transactions from 1909-1910 and from 1922-1923. Entries include customer name, amount billed, and merchandise purchased and are arranged chronologically. The ledger details individual and business accounts with the store from March 1911 to December 1913 and includes an alphabetical index. Entries appear under customer name and include a chronological list of transactions for that individual or business. Materials dating before 1919 may detail customer transactions that Bloom made through a different business venture or transactions that occurred at the store under prior ownership.

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Mathilde Blind letter, circa 1889-1896

0.1 Linear Feet — 1 item
Mathilde Blind was a writer and feminist active in late 19th century England. This letter was written by Blind thanking a correspondent for sending her a newspaper clipping containing a review of her work. She expresses gratitude for his thoughtfulness and for his "sympathetic spirit" towards her work.

The collection comprises a single autograph manuscript letter on a single folded sheet of paper with text on three sides dated June 19, but lacking a year. The manuscript address given at the top of the first page reads: Holly Cottage, The Mount, Hampstead, London, N.W. In the letter, Mathilde Blind writes to thank an unknown male correspondent for sending her a clipping from the Liverpool Mercury containing a review of one of her works. Blind writes, "Sitting here this evening, somewhat tired, somewhat despondent, there comes to me your letter. I cannot tell you how it cheered and strengthened me. There is something profoundly stirring in the thought that far away, among the great unknown multitude of one's fellow beings, there are people who have entered into one's work with a kindly sympathetic spirit."

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Bill of indictment for African-American woman named "Blender", 1808 January

0.1 Linear Feet — 1 item
Collection comprises a bill of indictment for perjury against "Blender," an African-American woman who allegedly falsely accused a man of rape. Contains a list of 10 witnesses in the case, including seven women. In 1807 Blender accused Jonas Fairlamb of raping her, resulting in pregnancy. The indictment also mentions the alleged crime of "bastardy," but those words have been crossed out. Blender appeared before the justice of the peace for Delaware County, Pennsylvania, but now, some months later, it appears that she perjured herself. The indictment contains a description of the alleged sexual assault, and lists the contradictions in Blender's account of the rape and the timeline of events. Blender is charged with committing "wilfull & corrupt perjury to the great displeasure of Almighty God." The docketing on the bill lists the foreman of the jury as Thomas Smith, and notes that the defendant, having been arraigned, pleads "non cul[pabilis]," or not guilty. Acquired as part of the John Hope Franklin Research Center for African and African American History and Culture.
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Frank Baker papers, 1641-2002 and undated, bulk 1740-1995

112.7 Linear Feet — Approx. 90,000 items — Approx. 90,000 Items
Scholar, editor, collector, and Duke University faculty member specializing in the history of English and American Methodist history, and the life and career of minister John Wesley. Collection documents the professional career and life of Frank Baker, historian of Methodism and particularly of the founder and Methodist minister John Wesley. Materials are arranged in the following series: Baker Collections Files; Correspondence; Libraries and Archives; Ministry; Personal Files; Printed Materials; Professional Service; Scrapbooks and Albums; Subject Files; Teaching Materials; and Writings and Research. Topics covered include: the history of the Baker book and manuscript collections in the Duke University libraries; the history and development of Methodism and of the Wesley family; the Church of England; the Methodist Church in England, the U.S., and other countries; the development of academic research on Methodist history; music and hymnology; and material on the Wesley Works Series, a publishing project headed by Baker. There are abundant research materials on notable individuals associated with Methodism such as Charles Wesley and many other Wesley family members, William Grimshaw, and Francis Asbury. Printed material abounds, and includes many maps, articles, clippings and newspapers, pamphlets, and religious music.

The Frank Baker Papers date from 1641 through 2002, with the majority of the materials dating from the 1800s to the 1990s. The collection houses correspondence, articles, pamphlets, extensive subject and research files, clippings, publicity, a few audio recordings and microfilm, and other materials documenting the professional career and life of Frank Baker, historian of Methodism and particularly of the life and career of minister John Wesley, considered the founder of British Methodism. The collection is arranged in the following series: Audiovisual Materials, Baker Collections Files; Correspondence; Libraries and Archives; Ministry; Personal Files; Printed Material; Professional Service; Scrapbooks and Albums; Subject Files; Teaching Materials; and Writings and Research. Many of the series are divided into subseries, and two are also followed by an Oversize Materials subseries. Note that early dates usually represent reproductions, not originals, although the collection does house some original research materials.

Topics covered by the materials in the collection include: the history and development of Methodism and of the Wesley family; the history of the Church of England, and the Methodist Church in England, the U.S., and other countries; the development of academic research on Methodism and its publications; the history of the Baker book and manuscript collections in the Duke University Libraries; music and hymnology; and the development of the Wesley Works Series, a publishing project headed by Baker. There are abundant research materials on notable individuals associated with Methodism such as John and Charles Wesley, many other Wesley family members, and others such as William Grimshaw and Francis Asbury.

The largest series is the Subject Files (122 boxes), research files assembled by Baker on approximately 1500 topics related to the Wesley family and the history of Methodism and the Methodist Church. Another large series is Writings and Research (48 boxes), containing files of research notes, correspondence, print materials, and publicity related to each of Baker's published works. There are also many student writings in the collection and other materials related to Baker's teaching. Among the Personal Files are biographical files on Frank Baker; awards and honors; travel-related items, and two portrait photographs of Baker's parents. Baker's personal hobbies are reflected in the stamp collecting materials and a group of Victorian-era monogram and crest albums and "libri amicorum," or friendship albums that round out the collection.

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Audiovisual Materials Series, 1738-1789, 1962-1994 1 box

Contains four reels of microfilm, two audio reels, and two cassette tapes. The microfilms were originally part of Baker's research materials, and contain many Methodist tracts, essays, verses, letters, and other short works dating from 1738-1789, according to library notes found with the reels.

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Microfilm (neg.): resources on William Grimshaw, Benjamin Ingham, and James Everett

Box 237

Film contains several items relating to Baker's research, including information about William Grimshaw (1708-1763), a Church of England clergyman; Benjamin Ingham (1712-1772), who eventually formed his own denomination, the Inghamites; and James Everett, a collector of Wesleyana. Rubenstein accession 1991-0037.

Filmed by Duke Univ. Libraries.

Pauline Bart papers, 1925-2008 and undated, bulk 1969-1995

45 Linear Feet — 91 boxes
Pauline Bart is a feminist sociologist and former professor of sociology and psychiatry. From the 1960s to the 1990s, Bart was active in many feminist and civil rights issues, including anti-pornography protests, sexual assault and rape law reform, Jewish and middle-aged women's advocacy, reproductive rights, and violence against women. The Pauline Bart papers consists of personal files, including correspondence, appointment books, diaries, peer-reviewed mansucripts for which Bart served as a referee, subject files for conferences Bart attended, and other material related to Bart's personal and professional life; drafts and published copies of articles, papers, and reviews written by Bart; papers related to classes taught by Bart at the University of Illinois in Chicago, the University of California at Los Angeles, and other institutions; and research files, including interview transcripts and other papers related to the Jane Collective, transcripts of interviews with 94 survivors of sexual assault or attempted rape and other papers related to Bart's study of rape avoidance; interview transcripts and other papers related to a study of depression, and other research files on topics such as pornography, depression, violence against women, the Illinois sexual assault statute, feminism, rape, and homosexuality.

The Pauline Bart papers are arranged into four series. The Personal Files Series contains correspondence, appointment books, diaries, peer-reviewed mansucripts for which Bart served as a referee, and other material related to Bart's personal and professional life, including papers related to her struggles to achieve salary equity and documentation of the 1992 controversy which led to her termination from the University of Illinois at Chicago. Also included in this series are subject files for conferences Bart attended to present papers or serve on panels. The Writings Series contains drafts and copies of reviews, written by Bart, of articles and books published by various authors; drafts of Bart's book, Stopping Rape: Successful Survival Strategies, and other papers related to the book's publication; drafts and published copies of articles and academic papers written by Bart; and other materials related to her writings, including book contracts, reprint requests, and reviews of her work. The Teaching Materials Series contains papers related to classes taught by Bart at the University of Illinois in Chicago, the University of California at Los Angeles, and other institutions. Materials include syllabi, lists and copies of course readings, student papers, and other papers. The Research Files Series contains interview transcripts, content analysis, and other papers related to the Jane Collective, which Bart researched in pursuit of her article "Seizing the Means of Reproduction: An Illegal Feminist Abortion Collective - How and Why it Worked;" materials related to Stopping Rape: Successful Survival Strategies, including transcripts of interviews with 94 survivors of sexual assault or attempted rape, notebooks containing content analysis of the interviews, grant applications and drafts, Viva rape questionnaires, and other papers; interview transcripts and other papers related to a study of depression; and other research files on topics such as pornography, depression, violence against women, the Illinois sexual assault statute, feminism, rape, and homosexuality. The Audiotapes series contains recordings of talks given by Bart, conference sessions, presentations, interviews, and classes conducted at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Also included are recordings of 9 interviews with members of the Jane Collective (see box 90).

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Personal Files Series, 1925-2008, undated

The Personal Files Series contains correspondence, appointment books, diaries, peer-reviewed mansucripts for which Bart served as a referee, and other material related to Bart's personal and professional life, including papers related to her struggles to achieve salary equity and documentation of the 1992 controversy which led to her termination from the University of Illinois at Chicago.

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Correspondence Subseries, 1960-2008, undated

The Correspondence Subseries includes Bart's personal and professional correspondence. Much of the correspondence relates to Bart's plans to travel to conferences or universities to lecture about her research. There are also letters from sociologists, professors, and other scholars requesting copies of Bart's writings or more information on her research. There is very little family correspondence.

While most of the correspondence in this subseries is professional in nature, personal correspondence reflects the turbulent relationships among members of the feminist movement throughout the second half of the 20th century. As the movement expanded, feminists often disagreed with each other on various issues, and these disagreements can be seen in several volatile exchanges in this subseries, in which Bart was either directly or tangentially involved. Some of Bart's more frequent correspondents include feminists such as Catherine MacKinnon, Andrea Dworkin, and Phyllis Chelser.

Particularly in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Bart struggled with her own feminist identity, and she felt as though feminism was generally becoming more conservative while she was becoming more radical. During this time, Bart also struggled with her feelings regarding her own sexuality and her relationships with women, depression, and thoughts of suicide, all of which are reflected in her personal correspondence.

Graham Arthur Barden papers, 1934-1960

185 Linear Feet — 370 boxes
Arthur Barden Graham was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, of New Bern, N.C. The collection consists of correspondence, reports, speeches, notes, drafts of bills, printed material, and clippings, mostly relating to Barden's work on various House committees, including Education, Labor, Library, and Rivers and Harbors. Major topics include the draft, military installations including Seymour Johnson Air Force Base and Camp Lejeune Marine Base, veterans' affairs, and local affairs and projects of Barden's largely rural district, such as lumbering, tobacco processing, and furniture manufacturing.

The Graham Arthur Barden Papers consist of the office files of Democratic Congressman Barden from his first election to Congress in 1934 through his retirement in 1960. Correspondence, public statements, and miscellaneous Items relate to his service as a member and then chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor. His interest in matters concerning his constituents in the Third District of North Carolina is reflected throughout the collection.

Congressman Barden left his successor, Congressman David Newton Henderson, many papers about ongoing business, especially local projects. These papers came to the library in the Henderson Papers where they are filed, Consult the Inventory of the David N. Henderson Papers for this material that dates prior to 1961 when Henderson took office. The Barden material dates as early as 1930.

The Graham Arthur Barden Papers span Barden's political career from 1933 through his retirement in 1960. There is little material for 1933-1934. Scattered Items pertain to Barden's work in the North Carolina General Assembly and papers for 1934 deal chiefly with his successful campaign in North Carolina's Third Congressional District for the United States Congress. The papers from 1935 through 1960 form a comprehensive record of Barden's congressional activities. To facilitate the use of the collection, the Barden Papers have been arranged in the following series:

I. Subject Files

II. Education and labor

III General Legislation

IV. Correspondence

V. Personal

For more detailed information on the arrangement and content of each series, refer to the Series Descriptions and Container Listing which follow.

The Barden Papers consist in part of correspondence exchanged between Barden and other committee members, legislators, and officials of government agencies. Educators, labor leaders, businessmen, and prominent North Carolinians also communicated with Barden. A large category contains numerous letters from constituents in the Third District of North Carolina who wrote concerning local projects, employment prospects, veteran's benefits, and issues immediately affecting them. There is also a Quantity of "pressure mail" urging Barden to support or oppose certain legislation. Although this type of correspondence is often short and repetitive, it represents a broad geographical area outside of Barden's district and include letters providing comment ranging from the highly articulate to the semi-literate on issues of the day

In addition to correspondence, the Barden Papers contain typescripts and drafts of speeches, legal briefs, and reports. There is also printed material related to the development of various bills, including reports, hearings and confidential committee prints. Many such Items are public documents and have been retained because of the legislative history they reveal, because they have immediate relation to the collection, or because they contain corrections or marginalia written by Barden. Other government documents, however, such as final or complete copies of committee hearings and reports or documents sent to Barden as a courtesy, have been removed since they pertain only tangentially to the collection. A researcher may therefore wish to consult appropriate printed government documents located elsewhere in the Perkins Library.

Many printed Items that Barden collected for research for committee work or accumulated for general information have also been retained. Labor, education, and other partisan groups furnished many of these Items. The papers also contain clippings and some photographs, mainly of Seymour Johnson Air Force Base and Goldsboro, North Carolina.

As a whole, the Barden Collection illustrates legislative trends, particularly in education and labor, from the Depression to the Kennedy years, and the role that Barden played as a member and chairman of an important House Committee. Major issues include federal aid to education, labor-management relations, labor standards, and minimum wage legislation,

Coverage for legislation considered by committees other than Education and Labor is uneven and is likely to reflect Barden's own interests or viewpoints. Since Barden continually tried to serve his constituents, for example agriculture information is more abundant than foreign policy material. The Third District was largely rural, and agriculture, fishing, and related industries were important to the District, as were lumbering, preliminary processing of tobacco, and some furniture manufacturing. Barden was also instrumental in the establishment and development of several military installations in his district, including Camp Lejeune Marine Base and Seymour Johnson Air Force Base. These activities, as well as other issues of national importance, are reflected in the materials filed under General Legislation and in the Third District Projects and Constituent Concerns files.

Since Barden was consistently unopposed in congressional elections there is little campaign material, Family and exclusively personal material is also rare.

A note on Processing: The five series roughly parallel the arrangement of the tiles as they came from Barden's office, with some consolidation of smaller units, particularly in Series I, the Subject Series.

Certain Items or groups of material were not retained. These include duplicates standard and repetitive responses to pressure mail, and ephemeral material or papers pertaining to ordinary facilitative processes.

Samples from other categories were retained on the following basis:

1. Veteran's files - "C" names retained

2. Employment files - "C" names retained

3. Service Academy Appointments - General files and "C" names retained

4. Post Office - Morehead City files and files for county seats in district retained

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Max Belcher photographs, 1969-1998

10 Linear Feet — 48 boxes — 1425 Items

The photographs and printed materials in this collection date from 1969 to 1998, and document the work of Max Belcher, American-born photographer. The collection is organized into two series: Printed Materials and Photography. The Printed Materials Series consists of publicity, exhibit literature, and other materials related to Belcher's work as a photographer. The much larger Photography Series includes 1,027 contact sheets (860 black-and-white, 167 color), 381 photographs (239 black-and-white, 142 color), and five color fine prints spanning nearly three decades of Belcher's professional work as a photographer. This series is divided into eleven project-based subseries, which have been arranged chronologically by the start date of each project. Within each subseries, contact sheets precede photographs,and black-and-white work precedes color. Individual items in the photography series bear specific technical and identifying information, usually marked by Belcher on the backs of contact sheets and photographs. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts.

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Printed Materials, 1994-1998 6 items

Series includes Belcher's curriculum vitae, a summary of his "American People" project in the Dominican Republic, an exhibition brochure and three news articles related to his photography. Additional exhibit literature catalogued separately in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library includes A Land and Life Remembered: Americo-Liberian Folk Architecture, House and Home: Spirits of the South, and Claiming Place: Biracial American People.

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Photographs, 1969-1996 and undated 1413 items

The photography in this collection represents Belcher's work from his first forays into photography in New York City between 1969 and 1971, up to his most recent projects in Vietnam, the Dominican Republic and the United States. This series is organized by project subseries, which are arranged chronologically by the beginning date of each project. Within each subseries, black-and-white work precedes color work, and contact sheets precede photographs. Subseries descriptions describing collection holdings for each project follow the restrictions note below. For information about specific contact sheets and photographs, researchers are advised to consult Belcher's own notes on his work, usually found on the back of individual contact sheets or photographs.

Charlotte Beers papers, 1958-2013 and undated

11.0 Linear Feet
Charlotte Beers is an advertising executive, author and diplomat based in Chicago, New York and Charleston, South Carolina. Collection includes clippings, correspondence, book manuscript drafts, presentations and speech scripts, memos to and from David Ogilvy, transcripts of interviews and other printed materials as well as audiovisual materials (videocassettes and optical disks) that document Beers' career in advertising and her tenure as Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Institutions represented in the collection include American Express, J. Walter Thompson Company, Ogilvy & Mather, Tatham-Laird & Kudner, the U.S. State Department and the 9-11 Commission. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes clippings, correspondence, book manuscript drafts, presentations and speech scripts, memos to and from David Ogilvy, transcripts of interviews and other printed materials as well as audiovisual materials (videocassettes and optical disks) that document Beers' career in advertising and her tenure as Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Institutions represented in the collection include American Express, J. Walter Thompson Company, Ogilvy & Mather, Tatham-Laird & Kudner, the U.S. State Department and the 9-11 Commission. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Kristin Bedford photographs, 1930s-2018

10 Linear Feet — 15 boxes — 172 photographic prints; approximately 75 related items
Kristin Bedford is a photographer based in Los Angeles. The 172 color photographs taken by Bedford from 2012 to 2018, derive from three projects: "Be Still: A Storefront Church in Durham," which consists of images of African American worshippers and their pastor in Durham, North Carolina; "The Perfect Picture," images from the multi-racial Peace Mission Movement religious community, founded by Father and Mother Divine in the 1930s, and the community's estate, Woodmont, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Bedford's latest work, "Cruise Night," a photographic essay on the lowrider community in Los Angeles, California. The "Perfect Picture" prints are accompanied by a variety of related materials (1930s-1990s), including movement publications and print ephemera, historical photographs, a CD of sermons, memorabilia, and other items; materials in this project speak to race relations in the 20th century, the civil rights movement, and African American religious culture. All three projects include a set of large color inkjet exhibit prints as well as a duplicate set of smaller handling prints, and an essay written by the photographer for each project. Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

The photographic work in the Kristin Bedford collection derives from three projects undertaken by Bedford from 2012 to 2018. The images explore three very different communities in the United States: two religious communities and their expressions of beliefs and faith, one in North Carolina and one in Pennsylvania, and the culture and identity of Mexican American lowriders in Los Angeles.

The project titled "Be Still: A Storefront Church in Durham" offers portraits of an African American community of worshippers of the Apostolic Deliverance Rebirth Outreach Ministries, in Durham, North Carolina. Images show the congregation as well as their church building.

"The Perfect Picture" project documents the daily lives of the remaining members of the International Peace Mission Movement, a multi-racial religious community founded by Father Divine in New York State in the 1930s, and was photographed at the community's estate, "Woodmont," near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The project title, "Perfect Picture," refers to Father Divine's use of photography as an analogy for creating a perfect life of faith and unity. The color inkjet photographs are accompanied by a variety of related materials (1930s-1990s): publications, photographs, some correspondence, a CD of sermons, memorabilia, and other items. The "Perfect Picture" project offers insights into race relations in the United States; African American religion; religious life in New York State and Pennsylvania; the 20th century civil rights movement; and the utopian philosophies of U.S. religious communities in the 20th century.

The "Cruise Nights" project, undertaken by Bedford in 2014, gives insights into the lowrider community of Los Angeles. The photographs are intense color close-ups of customized car exteriors and interiors, their drivers and passengers, and the lowriders cruising down expansive Los Angeles boulevards; the images emphasize not only the lowriders and their cars, but also the interplay of self-expression, gender, and photography.

All three projects include a set of large color inkjet exhibit prints as well as a duplicate set of smaller 11x17 or 13x19 inch handling prints for research use. A short essay for each project written by the photographer is included in each box of handling prints.

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Be Still: A Storefront Church in Durham, 2012-2013 1.5 Linear Feet — 1.5 boxes; 1 oversize folder — 60 photographic prints

This documentary body of work by photographer Kristin Bedford consists of 56 color inkjet photographic prints that portray African American worshippers and their pastor at the Apostolic Deliverance Rebirth Outreach Ministries, a storefront church in east Durham, North Carolina. The exterior and interiors of the building are featured in many of the images. Five of the photographs were taken as the congregation enjoyed a recreational swim at nearby Falls Lake.

There are 28 exhibit prints in two sizes: 19 prints measuring 18 1/2 x 24 inches, and 9 prints measuring approximately 27 1/2 x 32 inches. There is also a set of 28 handling prints measuring 11 x 17 inches. An information folder is located in the box containing the smaller prints; it includes the photographer's statement from the "Be Still" exhibition at Duke University in 2013, and a printed list of thumbnail images, in color, with titles.

Lance R. Bell papers, 1947-2017 and undated

3.0 Linear Feet
Outdoor advertising executive with Southern Outdoor Markets and Associates of the Bell Company firms, based in Atlanta, Ga. Collection includes trade publications, awards booklets, reprints and other printed materials, slides, photographs, audiocassettes and 35mm films. Companies represented include the Associates of the Bell Company; Foote Cone & Belding; Foster & Kleiser; Institute of Outdoor Advertising; Outdoor Advertising Association of America; Outdoor Advertising Incorporated; Southern Outdoor Markets. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Collection includes trade publications, awards booklets, reprints and other printed materials, slides, photographs, audiocassettes and 35mm films. Companies represented include the Associates of the Bell Company; Foote Cone & Belding; Foster & Kleiser; Institute of Outdoor Advertising; Outdoor Advertising Association of America; Outdoor Advertising Incorporated; Southern Outdoor Markets. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

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Marion Belanger photographs, 2001-2012

2.0 Linear Feet — 2 boxes — 25 black-and-white and 48 color digital inkjet prints — 25 black-and-white and 48 color digital inkjet prints
Collection comprises 25 black-and-white and 48 color photographs taken from 2001 to 2012 by Marion Belanger, documenting the intersection of natural and human-built environments. Belanger's series "Everglades," taken in Florida between 2001-2004, presents images of wildlife and natural landscapes affected by the impacts of tourism, agriculture, migrant worker housing, construction, and activities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Army. Her portfolio "Rift/Fault," shot between 2006-2012, documents zones in California and Iceland where the San Andreas Fault and the Mid-Atlantic Rift exist - visibly or invisibly - alongside human environments; subjects in this series include housing developments, monitoring stations, geologic features and landscapes, coastal roads, and geothermal structures such as greenhouses. The digital inkjet prints in both series measure 13 or 13 1/2 x16 inches. Both projects were published as photobooks (2009 and 2012, respectively). Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

Collection comprises 25 black-and-white and 48 color photographs taken from 2001 to 2012 by Marion Belanger, documenting the intersection of natural and human-built environments.

Belanger's series "Everglades," taken in Florida between 2001-2004, presents black-and-white images of wildlife and natural landscapes affected by the impacts of tourism, agriculture, migrant worker housing, construction, and activities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Army. This series was also published in 2009 as Everglades: Outside and Within.

Her portfolio "Rift/Fault," shot between 2006-2012, documents zones in California and Iceland where the San Andreas Fault and the Mid-Atlantic Rift exist - visibly or invisibly - alongside human environments; subjects in this series include housing developments, monitoring stations, geologic features and landscapes, coastal roads, and geothermal structures such as greenhouses. The images were shot in color and are suffused with pale tonalities. Prints measure 13 1/2 x16 inches. Also published as a photobook in 2012, available in the library.

Acquired as part of the Archive of Documentary Arts at Duke University.

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Everglades, 2001-2004 All prints are signed by the photographer and measure 16 x 13 inches, with images sized 12 1/2 x 10 inches.

The collection consists of 25 16x13 inch black-and-white photographs taken from 2001 to 2004 by Marion Belanger, documenting the impact of human land use and demand for water on the Florida Everglades. The images show wildlife and natural landscapes as well as the presence and impacts of tourism, agriculture, migrant worker housing, construction, and the activities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Army.

From the artist's statement:

"...I had seen the Everglades from the plane – a dark nothingness at night, and by day a flat, often wet, expanse of swampland, punctuated by agricultural fields and housing developments. I was curious to experience the natural landscape, of course, but I was even more interested in the determined efforts of engineers, over many years, to eliminate the swamp for sugarcane fields and development profit. To me it was the dark heart of the state. Once I went there the actual place itself was more extreme than I could have imagined – the park itself like a living museum; miles of water control canals, levees, pumps, and dams; empty spaces, acres of emptiness, vast sugarcane fields, and (mostly gated) housing developments. My working process is not to impose the preconceived, but to embrace the unexpected..."

The full artist's statement is available in the portfolio box.

Titles and dates transcribed as they appear on the print versos.

The Everglades project was supported with a 2002 John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship.

Bedinger and Dandridge Family papers, 1752-2000

30 Linear Feet — 13,000 Items
Bedinger and Dandridge families of Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and New York. Collection consist of journals, correspondence, poems, reviews, and other papers of the Bedinger, Dandridge, Washington, Henry Clay, and Adam Stephen families, of Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio; and of the Cornwall, Lawrence, Mitchell, Walter Bowne, and Rufus King Southgate families, of Connecticut, Maine, and New York primarily created or collected by Caroline Danske (Bedinger) Dandridge. The papers fall into six classes: journals and fragments of journals of Danske Dandridge (1864-1909), Henry Bedinger (1830s), and Daniel Bedinger (1811); correspondence and material on Kentucky and the northern Shenandoah Valley during the Revolutionary period; family correspondence, genealogies, and memoirs used in writing the Bedinger family history; papers of Henry Bedinger, the American Minister to Denmark in the 1850s; poems, reviews and literary correspondence of Danske Dandridge, and poems and prose of her father, Henry Dandridge, and of her daughter, Serena Catherine Dandridge; and horticultural writings of Danske Dandridge.

Collection includes the correspondence and papers of five generations of families from Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and New York chiefly created or collected by Carolina Danske (Bedinger) Dandridge. The primary portion of the collection is made up of the personal and family papers of Danske Dandridge (1858-1914), a writer and horticulturist. From 1866 to her marriage in 1877, Danske Dandridge's correspondence is concerned with social life in Virginia and Washington, D.C., and with family matters. Her literary correspondence begins in the early 1880s and continues until the year of her death. Correspondents include John Esten Cooke, Edmund C. Stedman, Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Thomas W. Higginson. There are sustained exchanges of letters with William Hayes Ward, editor of The Brooklyn Independent which published much of her work; with the poet Lizette Woodworth Reese of Baltimore; and Margaretta Lippincott. Material on gardening begins to appear in the papers for the 1890s and includes a large number of letters and eleven notebooks.

Danske Dandridge's family correspondence continues with here sister Mrs. J. F. B. (Mary Bedinger) Mitchell, and her brother, Henry Bedinger IV, as well as with her numerous cousins.

Correspondence of Adam Stephen Dandridge (1844-1924) reflects his career in the West Virginia House of Representatives and his business as a seller of farm machinery.

Correspondence and papers of Serena Katherine (Violet) Dandridge, daughter of Danske and Adam Stephen Dandridge, bear on her career as an illustrator for the zoologist Hubert Lyman Clark, and reflect her interest in women's suffrage and the Swedenborgian Church. There are also twelve volumes of her writings in manuscript.

Correspondence and papers of Danske Dandridge's father, Henry Bedinger Dandridge III, include letters on literary subjects from Thomas Willis White, Philip Pendleton Cooke, and Nathaniel Beverly Tucker; papers from his years as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1845 to 1849; records of his service, 1853-1858, first as a consul and then as minister of the United States in Sweden and in particular his negotiation of the treaty with Sweden in 1857; and his notebooks containing poems and comments on social life in Virginia.

Letters of Caroline B. (Lawrence) Bedinger, mother of Danske Dandridge, to her husband's family in the South and her relatives in New York concern her experience as a young woman in Washington, D.C., and Virginia; her stay in Copenhagen; the Civil War experiences of her husband's family and her own; family life; and the education of her children.

The collection contains a large number of transcripts made by Danske Dandridge from originals in the possession of various branches of her family, including the Swearingens, Shepherds, Morgans, Rutherfords, Worthingtons, Washingtons, Kings, Brownes, and Lawrences for the period from the American Revolution to the Civil War. There are also copies of letters and documents from the Lyman C. Draper manuscripts at the University of Wisconsin. Essentially, they are the papers of three brothers, George Michael Bedinger (1756-1843), Henry Bedinger II (1753-1843), and Daniel Bedinger (1761-1818), and their descendants and connections. Among the many subjects discussed are Indian warfare and conditions on the Virginia frontier; descriptions of the events of the Revolution; trading in salt and fur; experiences of Americans held prisoner by the British during the Revolution; flour milling in the Potomac valley; trade and transport of farm commodities; travel on the Mississippi to New Orleans, 1811-1812; James Rumsey and the development of the steamboat; the settling of Kentucky and Ohio, descriptions of Washington D.C., Philadelphia, and Baltimore at various times from 1800 to 1860; antebellum social life, South and North; and extensive comments on politics through 1860, particularly on the opposition to Federalism and the early Democratic-Republican Party.

Description taken from Guide to the Cataloged Collections in the Manuscript Department of the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University. (1980).

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James Martin Bell papers, 1768-1870 and undated

15 Linear Feet — 40 boxes — 13,604 Items
Lawyer, political leader, ironmaster, railroad promoter, and banker, of Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania. Correspondence and business papers reflecting the major part played by Bell and his family in the economic development of central Pennsylvania and other areas. Among the subjects dealt with are the building of internal improvements, the charcoal iron industry in the Juniata Valley, land titles and speculation, and early growth of the Pennsylvania Railroad under J. Edgar Thomson and others, tariff bills, the economic cycle of booms and depressions, the evolution of the monetary and banking system, telegraph companies, coal mining, Lake Superior copper mining, and Bell's active interest in Whig and Republican Party politics. Papers of the Civil War period illustrate the impact of the conflict on the business community in the North, and on the people of Pennsylvania during Confederate raids and invasions. Some papers relate to tests of Pennsylvania iron made at the Washington Navy Yard by Captain Dahlgren, to Bell's service as agent of Jay Cooke in floating Federal loans in Pennsylvania, and to the effect of the war on the banking system. Included are two early railroad broadsides from Bellefontaine and Indiana Railroad and Union Pacific Railroad (1856 and 1867).

Correspondence and business papers reflecting the major part played by Bell and his family in the economic development of central Pennsylvania and other areas. Among the subjects dealt with are the building of internal improvements, the charcoal iron industry in the Juniata Valley, land titles and speculation, and early growth of the Pennsylvania Railroad under J. Edgar Thomson and others, tariff bills, the economic cycle of booms and depressions, the evolution of the monetary and banking system, telegraph companies, coal mining, Lake Superior copper mining, and Bell's active interest in Whig and Republican Party politics. Papers of the Civil War period illustrate the impact of the conflict on the business community in the North, and on the people of Pennsylvania during Confederate raids and invasions. Some papers relate to tests of Pennsylvania iron made at the Washington Navy Yard by Captain Dahlgren, to Bell's service as agent of Jay Cooke in floating Federal loans in Pennsylvania, and to the effect of the war on the banking system. Included are two early railroad broadsides from Bellefontaine and Indiana Railroad and Union Pacific Railroad (1856 and 1867).

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Bellevue High School records, 1875-1955 and undated

19.5 Linear Feet — 3276 Items

The collection contains school records including account books; stationery books; correspondence of the Abbott, Minor, and Henderson families; diaries and daybooks of John B. Minor, Jr.; a woman's journal; various notebooks; clippings, including a series of Civil War clippings; photographs; and other ephemera, including a school pennant. One oversize class photograph is housed in an oversize cabinet.

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Raymond C. Battalio and John B. Van Huyck papers, 1972-2014 and undated

97.5 Linear Feet — 65 boxes — 150 Gigabytes
Raymond C. Battalio (1938-2004) and John B. Van Huyck (1956-2014) were experimental economists and worked together as professors of economics at Texas A & M University. This collection consists of their correspondence, research, writings, and experiment files.

The Raymond C. Battalio and John B. Van Huyck Papers document their careers as economists at Texas A & M University. The collection provides an overview of their professional activities, particularly their work as experimental economists and influential figures in developing the field of experimental economics during the 1990s. The papers of Battalio and Van Huyck are combined as one collection given their close working relationship. Their joint work focused on a series of experiments showing the likeliness of coordination failures even when incentives guide participants to attempt to coordinate, the aim being to highlight the difficulty of economic coordination. Experiments by Battalio and Van Huyck include studies of the emergence of conventions, numerous coordination games, and peasant-dictator games, among others.

The collection also includes Battlaio and Van Huyck's communications with other prominent contributors to experimental economics such as Colin Camerer, Charles Holt, John Kagel, Thomas Palfrey, Ariel Rubinstein, Alvin Roth, Larry Samuelson, and Vernon Smith, among others.

Along with their own scholarship and writings, the collection documents Battalio and Van Huyck's roles in the Economic Science Association and Van Huyck's as an editor of Experimental Economics; and Battalio and Van Huyck's department roles, committee work, and teaching contributions in economics at Texas A & M.

Extensive digital materials from Battalio and Van Huyck's experiments are also included in the collection. Original naming conventions and file structures in the digital materials are preserved where possible.

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Correspondence, 1983-2006 and undated

This series includes Battalio and Van Huyck's correspondence over the course of their careers. Files are arranged in alphabetical name files for Van Huyck's correspondence, or when Van Huyck is acting on behalf of himself and Battalio, and chronological files for Battalio's correspondence; preserving original arrangement. Correspondence is typically of a routine nature involving the exchange of published papers with many prominent economists and, in some cases, correspondence related to refereeing for journals, submitting papers for publication, or discussion of experiments. Email correspondence originates from Van Huyck's computer hard disks and is grouped into folders reflecting Van Huyck's original arrangement and labeling.

Bob Berenson Papers, 1950-2004 and undated, 1950-2004 and undated

14.0 Linear Feet
Advertising executive with Grey Advertising, Inc.

Collection spans 1950-2004 and includes speeches, newsletters and other publications; research and strategy reports, audiovisual materials and other materials documenting administration and management of the Grey agency. The collection also touches on activities of other WPP subsidiary agencies. Acquired as part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History.

Barbara Bergmann papers, 1942-2015

13.5 Linear Feet
Barbara Bergmann was leader in feminist economics and author of 11 books. Her archival collection consists of published writings, including congressional testimony; assorted research files and projects, including a selection of books from her library; and personal miscellany, including some career awards.

The Barbara Bergmann Papers consist of writings by Bergmann, largely published versions, as well as some draft materials, project files, and research materials she accummulated. The contents of the collection speak to the breadth of Bergmann's interests in economic approaches -- including mathematical modelling, microsimulation, and government regulations -- as well as her wide ranging interests in sex and race discrimination, child care, poverty, affirmative action, economic aspects of parenting, education, domestic labor, wage discrimination, social security, and numerous other topics within the broad definition of feminist economics.

The Writings Series predominantly consists of publications -- essays, articles, chapters, and books -- authored by Bergmann. There are also copies of her testimonies to Congress on poverty and child care. Materials are filed by title, and any supplemental information (including research, correspondence, and drafts) are included with the final published version of the work. There are a wide range of publications represented in this series, including newspapers, academic journals, commercial presses, and academic presses.

The Project Files Series contains files from some of Bergmann's ongoing professional work, including a substantial amount of research and anecdotal evidence collected about marriage, intended for an unfinished book on the decline of marriage in America. The Project Files series also contains materials about Bergmann's economic activism, relating to her work identifying gender discrimination practices by Giant Foods, Inc., and her consulting role for the Service Employees International Union representing nurses in an anti-trust lawsuit against hospital salary practices in the 2000s.

A selection of published works collected by Bergmann on topics relevant to her research interests, including several Census Bureau reports, is held in the Research Files/Bergmann's Library Series. The Teaching Series includes course packs and hiring information from Bergmann's tenure in the American University Economics Department. Finally, the Autobiographical/Personal Materials Series contains some of Bergmann's awards and honors, including her B.A. from Cornell University; numerous interviews and statements from Bergmann discussing her career, personal history, and economic philosophy; and professional photographs of Bergmann.

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Beth El Synagogue records, 1881-2012 and undated

15 Linear Feet — 4.68 Gigabytes
Organizational records for Beth El Synagogue in Durham, N.C., consisting of records of the board, general membership, Beth-El Sisterhood and Ladies' Aid Society meetings between 1930 and 1984, primarily containing minutes and financial reports, but also correspondence, committee reports and other material. Also included are correspondence; printed material, including Books of Life, programs from services, newsletters, and other publications about Jewish history; documentation about the operations of Beth-El Preschool; legal papers; financial papers; photographs of the synagogue, congregation, and programs; and subject files documenting changes in the synagogue's constitutions, construction of new synagogue buildings in 1921 and 1957, dedication services, and the careers of rabbis.

The Beth El Synagogue Records are divided into five series: Administration, Jewish History, Photographs, Printed Materials, and Programming. The Administration series contains documents relevant to the congregation's organizational records, and is divided into four subseries: Beth El Preschool, Board and Governance, Correspondence, and Subject Files. Jewish History primarily consists of historical accounts of Jewish life in Durham and Chapel Hill, and includes personal biographies of several congregant members. Photographs document congregant members and synagogue events. The series also includes formal portraits of congregant presidents and rabbis. Printed Materials includes newspaper clippings from throughout the twentieth century, primarily from the Durham Morning Herald. Also includes a variety of professional publications related to Jewish life. Programming includes copies of the synagogue's newsletter, the Beth El Bulletin, assorted service bulletins, and a dedication book to commemorate the construction of the new synagogue on Markham and Watts Streets in Durham.

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Administration, 1881-2009 and undated

The Administration series contains documents relevant to the congregation's organizational records, and is divided into four subseries: Beth El Preschool, Board and Governance, Correspondence, and Subject Files. Beth El Preschool contains documents from the Carnival of the Arts, including publicity materials and financial summaries. The subseries includes extensive financial records of the preschool, including tax reports, payment records, and supplies expenditures. Also includes teacher applications, letters to parents, and information of the preschool's founding. Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

The Board and Governance subseries contains meeting minutes of the congregation's leadership, including the board of directors and board of trustees, from 1939-2008. Includes several bound volumes of handwritten meeting notes with various handouts taped in, including: form letters, financial reports, budgets, requests, and typed notes. Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Correspondence mostly consists of official correspondence between the Synagogue leadership with various individuals and official organizations, including the American Association for Jewish Education, American Zionist Youth Commission, Hebrew Theological College, United Synagogue of America, and Yeshiva University. Also includes official correspondence with Rabbi Steven Sagar from the 1980s while he served the congregation. Arranged chronologically by year.

Subject Files contain a variety of organizational records from the synagogue, including financial records, legal papers such as deeds and congregant constitutions, membership lists, staff meeting minutes, Ladies' Aid Society meetings, Beth El Sisterhood meetings, and historical accounts of the synagogue. Also includes two Books of Life, extensive information on funeral rituals and preparation, Chevra Kadisha, and documents pertaining to the centennial celebration in 1987. The documents include ceremony recordings, concert programs, handouts, flyers, some correspondence, exhibit displays, and meeting minutes. Also includes information from the Jewish Ceremonial Art Exhibition at Duke University in 1988, in which the synagogue participated as part of the centennial. One folder includes photocopied advertisements from Jewish businesses in Durham from the 1880s. Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Helen Smith Bevington papers, 1918-2001

9.75 Linear Feet — 3422 Items

Family and personal papers, primarily Bevington's personal and professional correspondence (1931-2001), which includes letters from Ray Bradbury (1976-1993); typescripts of diary entries (1959-1989); 22 heavily annotated books of modern poetry, and research notes. There are also correspondence and professional records for Bevington's husband, Merle. Other items include one color and 9 black-and-white photographs, a scrapbook, passports, geneology information/records, awards, newspaper clippings, class records, and unpublished manuscripts.

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