Henry and Mary Hayne papers, 1797-1828

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Hayne, Henry, active 1790-1860
Henry Hayne acted as private secretary to Lord William Pitt Amherst, who led the Second British Embassy to China in 1816. This collection contains Hayne's diaries from the voyage of the embassy on the H.M.S. Alceste, and includes descriptions of their travels in Madeiras Islands, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, and various cities in the Chinese Empire including Guangzhou, Macau, Manila, Peking (Beijing), and Nanjing. There is also an account of the shipwreck of the Alceste and encounters with Malay pirates. One diary by Mary Hayne, Henry's first wife, records the Haynes' voyages between England and Rio de Janeiro in 1824 and 1828.
0.5 Linear Feet
Materials in English.
Collection ID:


Scope and content:

The collection consists of four diaries kept by Henry Hayne during his voyage with Great Britain's Second Embassy to China, led by ambassador Lord Amherst from 1816 to 1817. Also contains a diary kept by Mary Hayne during the Haynes' voyages to Rio de Janeiro, 1824-1828; a small bound volume of copied recommendation letters, dated 1809-1819, about Hayne and his appointment to the Amherst Embassy; a printed map of the 1793 Macartney Embassy to China from 1797; an an engraving of Jeffrey, Lord Amherst (William Pitt Amherst's father).

Biographical / historical:

Henry Hayne (active 1790-1860) was a native of Durham, England. He served as secretary to Lord William Pitt Amherst during Amherst's embassy to China, 1816-1817, and as British commissary judge at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from approximately 1824 to 1828. He married twice: first to Mary Stack, author of one of the diaries in this collection, who died in 1838, and then to Isabella Paine Fox (d. 1859). Henry and Isabella had one son, William Amherst Hayne (1847-1872 or 1873).

The Amherst Embassy was the second official attempt by the British to establish diplomatic relations with the Chinese government. Hayne traveled on the H.M.S. Alceste through Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, the Madiera Islands, and then through China's interior toward Peking. After Amherst refused to participate in a kowtow, kneeling before the emperor Jia-Qing, the emperor refused to grant them an audience.

After departing China, the Alceste was shipwrecked off Pulau Pongok (referred to as Pulau Liat in the diary). Hayne and other members of the embassy sailed in open boats to Batavia, Dutch East Indies, ultimately returning to pick up the rest of the crew from Malay before sailing back to England.

Acquisition information:
The Henry and Mary Hayne Papers were received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book Manuscript Library as two purchases from Michael S. Hollander (Rare Books and Photographs) in 1977.
Processing information:

Initially processed by RL Staff, May 1980. Forms part of the William B. Hamilton Collection.

Redescribed in a collection guide according to DACS and RDA, with materials reboxed, by Meghan Lyon, April 2022.

Collection was originally titled Henry Hayne Papers, but was updated to reflect Mary Hayne's presence as part of remediation of the catalog record and creation of this collection guide in April 2022.

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Terms of access:

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the Rubenstein Library's Citations, Permissions, and Copyright guide.

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Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Henry and Mary Hayne Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.