Newsreel of the Fifth Party Congress of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei (Nazi Party), 1933, 1933 August 30-September 3
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- The Nazi Nuremberg Rally Newsreel, 1933, consists of one black-and-white, silent, 31-minute Agfa newsreel print documenting the Fifth Party Congress of the Nazi Party, Nuremberg, August 30-September 3, 1933.
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- Physical Description:
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- Scope and content:
The Newsreel of the Fifth Party Congress of the Nazi Party, 1933, consists of one 16mm, black-and-white, silent, 31-minute Agfa newsreel print documenting the 1933 Nuremberg Rally, August 30-September 3, 1933. Also known as the "Rally of Victory," the 1933 rally at Nuremberg is notable in several respects. It was the first Nazi rally following Hitler's rise to Chancellor earlier that year; it was the first featuring Albert Speer's designs for the Zeppelinfeld stadium; it was the first of the rallies filmed by Leni Riefenstahl, for Der Sieg des Glaubens (Victory of Faith); and it was the final rally before the Nazi leadership purge known as the Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July2, 1934), whose victims included Ernst Roehm. Roehm, the chief of staff of the Stormabteilung, is featured extensively, alongside Hitler, Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joseph Goebbels and other Nazi leadership, in this newsreel and in Der Sieg des Glaubens. Due to Roehm's presence in Riefenstahl's film, only one copy of Der Sieg des Glaubens has survived -- the others were destroyed on Adolf Hitler's orders following the purge. While Der Sieg des Glaubens used footage shot by Riefenstahl (who created the stylistically advanced propaganda landmark, Triumph of the Will, the next year) as well as newsreel sources similar to this Agfa newsreel, there is little if any overlap between the Agfa newsreel and Riefenstahl's 61-minute film, or between a similar 5-minute newsreel from 1933, Der Deutsche Reichstag zu Nuernberg.
The newsreel is available for viewing on YouTube: http://youtu.be/sZrk0YAAg94
- Biographical / historical:
After the Nazis assumed power in Germany in January 1933, they quickly seized control of German media outlets. The Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, headed by Joseph Goebbels, regulated news media and broadcasting, filmmaking, radio, theater, and literature. Conceived of as a way to enforce Nazi doctrine and prepare Germany for eventual war, the Ministry's reach extended deep into the German psyche, driving anti-Jewish sentiment, territorial annexation, and ultimately World War II and the Holocaust. In this context the Agfa newsreel documenting the 1933 Nuremberg Rally demonstrates the Nazi regime's early efforts to control messaging in news footage, and viewed as a companion piece to Leni Riefenstahl's Der Sieg Des Glaubens, contributes to a greater understanding of Nazi propaganda in the early 1930s.
- Acquisition information:
- The Newsreel of the Fifth Party Congress of the Nazi Party, 1933, was received by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book Manuscript Library as a gift on December 20, 1967, from Professor John Himes, Deptartment of Religion, Thiel College, Greenville, Pennsylvania.
- Processing information:
Processed by: Craig Breaden, April 2014
Accessions described in this finding aid: 68-130.
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- Preferred citation:
Newsreel of the Fifth Party Congress of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei (Nazi Party) 1933, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.