India Pamphlets, 1911, 1920-2005, bulk 1960-1990

177 boxes
Scope and content:

This series constitutes the majority of the entire South Asia Pamphlet Collection. A diverse mix of propaganda and scholarly articles, essays, and other publications, these pamphlets reflect some of the major events of the period between the 1960s and 1990s, such as the political instability in the post-Nehru era, India-Pakistan wars of 1965 and 1971 (the latter resulting in the break up of Pakistan and emergence of Bangladesh as a nation); the imposition of national emergency by the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1975; the Punjab crisis (Sikh separatist movement for an autonomous homeland); military action by Mrs. Gandhi on the Golden Temple to eject militant Sikhs; and her revenge assassination by one of her Sikh bodyguards. This period also witnessed widespread food shortages; controversial forced sterilizations; ethnic riots following the death of Mrs. Gandhi; the rise of Hindu right nationalist movement; demolition of the Babari Masjid; communal riots between Hindus and Muslims; and nuclear underground tests by India. In addition, the pamphlets offer information on the many cultural legacies and changes present during the same period in arts and literature.

Most of the material was published by central and regional governmental agencies. Other sources include political parties, non-governmental organizations, and individual authors. Among the political party publications the largest number is from the Communist Party of India (Marxist), followed by the All-India National Congress and its various factions, then the Bharatiya Janata Party, Swatantra Party, and labor organizations. Some of the prominent authors from various political parties and economists include: L. K. Advani, Jyoti Basu, N. Dandekar, G. R. Gadgil, Rammanohar Lohia, M. R. Masani, K. Santhanam, S. G. Sardesai, Manmohan Singh, and George Fernances. (More works by these authors can be found in the Duke University Library's online catalog.)

For undated pamphlets, every effort was made to establish an approximate year or decade of publication; this is indicated by a question mark following the date. In cases where there is no place of publication information, the notation [n.p.] is used. In some cases there is a descriptive note below the entry that adds information about the item such as publication data, commemorative headings, inscriptions, and other contextual information.


The pamphlets are arranged into these subseries, listed alphabetically: Agriculture; Anthropology and Sociology; Arts; Civil Service; Communal Violence and Ethnic Conflict; Cooperative Movements; Dams; Defense; Disasters; Economics (a large series divided further into subseries); Elections; Employment; Energy; Environment and Forestry; Health Care; History and Culture; Human Rights; International and Area Studies; International Commerce; International Economic Relations; International Relations; Labor and Working Conditions; Language and Literature; Law and Legislation; Law and Order; Libraries and Museums; Mass Communication; Minorities; Performing Arts; Political Parties (a large series subdivided into groupings by party); Politics and Government; Population and Birth Control; Posters; Public Policy and Social Welfare; Religion and Philosophy; Rural Development; Science; Sports; Tourism; Transportation; Urban Planning; Water Resources; Wildlife; Women's Studies; and Youth, India. Each of these sections is further described below with the number of boxes and the types of topics covered by the material. Within each subdivision, pamphlets are arranged alphabetically by title.


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