Wolfgang F. Stolper papers, 1892-2001, bulk 1930s-1990s
Using These Materials
- Collection is open for research.
- Stolper, Wolfgang F.
- Professor emeritus of economics, University of Michigan. Stolper died in 2002. The papers of Wolfgang F. Stolper (ca. 9900 items) span the period from 1947-1988, with the bulk of the materials dated between 1960 and the mid 1970s. Most of the collection is comprised of Professor Stolper's files and notes from his work in Nigeria, Tunisia, and other missions to Africa. These work files document his career as a practitioner--literally working "in the field"--of development economics.
- 29 Linear Feet
- English, German, and French.
- Collection ID:
- Scope and Content:
The papers of Wolfgang F. Stolper span the period from 1947-1988, with the bulk of the material dated between 1960 and the mid 1970s. Most of the collection is comprised of Professor Stolper's files and notes from his work in Nigeria, Tunisia, and other missions to Africa. These work files document his career as a practitioner--literally working "in the field"--of development economics. The papers are organized into eight series: Nigeria; Tunisia; Other Missions; Writings; Speeches, Lectures, and Conferences; Schumpeter; University of Michigan and Teaching Material; and General Correspondence. The Nigeria Series, the first and largest, contains his work files from his job as head of the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) in the Federal Ministry of Economic Development in Lagos, Nigeria from 1961-62(sent there under the auspices of the Ford Foundation). As head of the EPU, Stolper co-authored the first ever National Development Plan,1962-68for the Federation of Nigeria. As such, his papers present an extensive and thorough picture of the Nigerian economy at that time. Once top secret files, they include detailed statistical data on each industry, industrialization plans, reports on marketing board policies, maps, and demographics data. Of great interest to researchers on the Nigerian economy might be Stolper's personal diary, a 393-page typewritten account of his two years in Nigeria. The next two series pertain to his work in Tunisia (1972),and other economic missions to Africa including Dahomey (now Benin) and Togo (1967), Benin (1983)and Malawi (1981).He was sent to these countries under the auspices of USAID, the UN and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, also known as the World Bank). The files from these three series alone make up eight of the fourteen storage boxes that house the entire collection. Also in the collection are some notes, papers and drafts of Professor Stolper's work pertaining to Joseph Schumpeter. The collection as a whole is restricted, so that persons interested in viewing the papers during Professor Stolper's lifetime must first obtain his permission.
Stolper's name is perhaps most recognizable for the theoretical piece written with Paul A. Samuelson on what has come to be known as the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem (see "Protection and Real Wages,"Review of Economic Studies, Nov. 1941). This theorem, one of the core results of the Hecksher-Ohlin model of international trade, essentially states that an increase in the relative domestic price of a good (for example, via the imposition of a tariff) unambiguously raises the real return to the factor of production used intensively in producing that good (and lowers the real return to the other factor). This paper analyzed precisely for the first time the effect of trade or protection on real wages. At present, there is nothing (aside from reprints of the article) in this collection of papers dealing with the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem.
The fourth series, Writings, contains notes, drafts, manuscripts and reprints of any articles found in the collection but excluding those related to Joseph Schumpeter. Some highlights include drafts of "Investments in Africa South of the Sahara," notes and drafts of his book Planning Without Facts: Lessons in Resource Allocation from Nigeria's Development, and articles on smuggling in Africa.
The fifth series, Speeches, Lectures and Conferences, contains material (excluding those pertaining to Schumpeter) from public speaking engagements and conferences attended by Professor Stolper. One item that might be of interest is a speech recorded on magnetic tape titled "Problems of our Foreign Aid Program" that dates from around the 1950's.
Another of Professor Stolper's research interests is the history of economic thought, and this collection's Schumpeter Series contains some notes, papers and drafts of Professor Stolper's work pertaining to Joseph Alois Schumpeter. Stolper was afforded a unique and personal relationship with Schumpeter, studying under him first at the University of Bonn and then at Harvard, and also through Schumpeter's position as a close friend of Gustav and Toni Stolper (Wolfgang's father and stepmother, respectively). Included in this series is a book (in German) that Professor Stolper co-wrote with Horst Claus Recktenwald and Frederic M. Scherer titled Uber Schumpeters »Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung«, 1988.
The addition (02-0207) (8625 items, 14 linear feet; dated 1892-2001) contains correspondence with colleagues, including Paul Samuelson, Gottfried Haberler, and other prominent economists; class lectures (1930s); as well as writings about J. A. Schumpeter, economic development, and other topics. Also writings, reports, diaries, and other documents (mainly 1960s) about the economies of Nigeria, Tunisia, Liberia, Togo, and the Ivory Coast. In addition, there are 12 black-and-white and 18 color photographs; one x-ray; and 16 electronic documents on 3 floppy disks. This addition is unprocessed.
- Biographical / Historical:
Chronology Date Event 1912 Born in Vienna, Austria on May 13 1930-34 Attended the Universities of Berlin, Bonn, and Zurich 1935 M.A., Economics, Harvard University 1936-41 Instructor and Tutor, Economics, Harvard University 1938 Ph.D., Economics, Harvard University 1941 Publication (with Paul A. Samuelson): "Protection and Real Wages,"Review of Economic Studies, November 9, 1941 1941-49 Assistant Professor (1941-48), Associate Professor (1948-49), Swarthmore College 1947-48 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship, University of Zurich 1949-date Associate Professor (1949-53), Professor (1953-82), Director of Center for Research on Economic Development (1963-70), Professor Emeritus (1982 - ), University of Michigan 1960 Publication: Germany Between East and West (National Planning Association), and The Structure of the East German Economy (Harvard University Press) 1961-1962 Head, Economic Planning Unit, Federal Ministry of Economic Development, in Lagos, Nigeria 1963-1964, 1964-1965 Chief, USAID economic mission to Tunisia 1966 Publication: Planning Without Facts: Lessons in Resource Allocation from Nigeria's Development (Harvard University Press) 1966 Fulbright Professor, University of Heidelberg 1967 Member, Economic Section, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 1967 Head, IBRD Mission to Togo and DahomeyDahomey is now called Benin (name changed in 1975). 1970 Member, USAID Mission to Nigeria 1981 Member, UN Mission to Malawi 1983 Chief, IBRD Mission to Benin 1994 Publication of Joseph Alois Schumpeter: The Public Life of a Private Man (Princeton University Press)
In addition to the places listed above, Professor Stolper participated in economic missions to Malta (1963), Liberia (1963), and Turkey (1968), and worked as a consultant to the Ford Foundation, USAID, the United Nations, and the IBRD (the World Bank). He also held various visiting professorships/lecturing posts at the Universities of Zurich, Heidelberg, and Munster.
His professional affiliations include membership in the American Economic Association, the Nigerian Economic Association, the International Instititute of Public Finance, and the International Schumpeter Society (founding president).
- Acquisition Information:
- The papers of Wolfgang F. Stolper were donated to the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book Manuscript Library in 1993, 1995, and 2002.
- Processing information:
Processed by: Joanna Vinluan
Completed July 31, 1997
Additions processed by: Joshua Kaiser
Last updated September 24, 2002
Encoded by Robin LaPasha; Joshua Kaiser; Ruth E. Bryan
Accession 2002-0207 reformatted for ArchivesSpace and collection-level notes updated by Tracy M. Jackson, August 2022.
Folders were labeled with Professor Stolper's original titles, and items were very rarely moved to different folders. Consequently, rather than consolidating all the pieces of correspondence into one folder, they were left dispersed throughout the collection in the same files they came in. Some of the papers are written in German and French, but the bulk is in English.
- Rules or Conventions:
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Click on terms below to find related finding aids on this site. For other related materials in the Duke University Libraries, search for these terms in the Catalog.
Finance, Public -- Nigeria
Developing countries -- Economic conditions
Economics -- History
Economists -- United States
Economics -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor
Economics -- Study and teaching (Higher)
World Bank -- Africa
University of Michigan. Dept. of Economics
Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Economic Development
Samuelson, Paul A. (Paul Anthony), 1915-2009
Stolper, Wolfgang F.
Haberler, Gottfried, 1900-1995
Nigeria -- Economic policy
Nigeria -- Economic conditions -- 1960-
Africa -- Economic conditions -- 1960-
Côte d'Ivoire -- Economic policy
Liberia -- Economic policy
Malawi -- Economic policy
Tunisia -- Economic policy
Benin -- Economic policy
Togo -- Economic policy
Using These Materials
Collection is open for research.
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- PREFERRED CITATION:
[Identification of item], The Wolfgang F. Stolper Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.