Duke University Medical Center Reference collection, 1941-ongoing

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Duke University. University Archives
1.25 Linear Feet
Material in English
Collection ID:
University Archives Record Group:
01 -- General Information and University History
01 -- General Information and University History > 11 -- Reference Collections


Scope and content:

The Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection contains clippings, handbooks, reports, newsletters, and other printed material relating to Duke University Medical Center its departments, employees, and other related matters. This collection was compiled from a variety of sources by the University Archives for use in reference and research.

Biographical / historical:

timeline excerpted from Duke Medical Center Archives http://archives.mc.duke.edu/history/timeline.html

In 1924, James Buchanan Duke established the Duke Endowment and directed that 6 million of the endowment be used to transform Trinity College into Duke University. He made an additional bequest to the Endowment and the University, in 1925, which included $4 million towards the establishment of a medical school, hospital and nurses home.

Chronology List
Date Event
Dr. Wilburt Cornell Davison elected Dean of the Duke University School of Medicine and Hospital on 21 January.
Construction begins on the Medical School and Duke Hospital.
3,000 applicants apply to the new medical school. 70 first- and third-year students are selected, including four women.
Duke Hospital opens July 20, 1930, attracting 25,000 visitors.
Classes began in Hospital Administration, dietetics, and medical technology on 15 August.
The eighteen third year and thirty first year medical students began classes on 2 October.
The Duke School of Nursing's first class of 24 undergraduate students begin classes January 2. Private Diagnostic Clinics were organized 15 September.
The Association of American Medical Colleges ranks Duke among the top 25 percent of medical schools in the country-less than five years after it opened.
Duke surgeons led by Dr. J. Deryl Hart pioneer the use of ultraviolet lamps in operating rooms to eliminate infectious organisms that cause post-operative Staph infections. This procedure dramatically reduces the number of infections and related deaths.
Dr. Joseph Beard developed a vaccine against equine encephalomyelitis.
Duke establishes the nation's first brain tumor program, launching what will become one of the world's foremost cancer programs.
First wing added to Duke Hospital.
For his studies of the metabolism of the tubercle bacillus, which eventually led to effective medications, pharmacologist Frederick Bernheim is nominated for the Nobel Prize.
Dr. Walter Kempner's research, using a rice-based diet and daily laboratory testing, demonstrates that degenerative processes attacking the kidney, heart, brain and retina can be arrested by dietary changes. These dramatic findings draw patients to Duke from across the nation.
Psychiatrist Ewald W. Busse establishes the Duke University Center for Aging, the first research center of its kind in the nation. Now the oldest continuously running aging center in the United States, the Duke Center for Aging has pioneered long-term studies of health problems among the elderly.
Duke develops a machine that lowers patients' blood temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit and is the first to place a patient under this deep hypothermia during open-heart surgery.
First African-American student admitted to Duke University School of Medicine.
The new $94.5 million, 616-bed Duke Hospital opens, bringing the total number of patient beds to more than 1,000.
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center develops the nation's first outpatient bone-marrow transplantation program.
The Duke University Health System - an integrated academic health care system serving a broad area of central North Carolina - is officially created as Duke establishes partnerships with Durham Regional Hospital, Raleigh Community Hospital, and other regional health care providers. DUHS today includes three hospitals, ambulatory care and surgery clinics, primary care medical practice clinics, home health services, hospice services, physician practice affiliations, managed care providers and other related facilities and services.
Acquisition information:
The Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection was compiled from a variety of sources by the University Archives for use in reference and research.
Processing information:

Processed by Archives Staff, February 2007

Updated by Tom Harkins, April 2010

Encoded by Sherrie Bowser, February 2008

Updated by Josh Larkin Rowley, February 2011

Accessions were merged into one collection, described in this finding aid.

Accession UA2021-0018 added by Tracy M. Jackson, June 2021.

Rules or conventions:
Describing Archives: A Content Standard


Click on terms below to find related finding aids on this site. For other related materials in the Duke University Libraries, search for these terms in the Catalog.

Academic medical centers -- North Carolina -- Durham -- History
Duke University. Medical Center -- History
Duke University Health System
Duke University. Medical Center


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Collection is open for research.

Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

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Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Duke University Medical Center Reference Collection, Duke University Archives, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.